Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

04-06-2016 | Original Paper

Children’s Maternal Support-Seeking: Relations to Maternal Emotion Socialization Responses and Children’s Emotion Management

Auteurs: Rachel Miller-Slough, Janice Lillian Zeman, Jennifer Ann Poon, Wesley Mark Sanders

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 10/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examined children’s support-seeking of mothers (SSM) as a moderator of the association between maternal emotion socialization responses and children’s emotion management. Participants included 119 mother–child dyads (63 boys, M age = 9.61 years, 73.1 % Caucasian). Maternal emotion socialization was assessed via observed mother–child interactions and child report. Analyses indicated several main effects such that child-reported maternal reward responses were associated with stronger child emotion management, whereas perceived maternal punishment and neglect were associated with poorer child emotion management. Regarding the significant interactions, observed maternal general unsupportive socialization responses were negatively associated with emotion management. Additionally, for children low in SSM, child-reported maternal overriding of children’s emotions was positively associated with better emotion management. Support-seeking of mothers may mitigate the risk of some unsupportive maternal socialization responses and may be an adaptive strategy in middle childhood in particular contexts.
Literatuur
go back to reference Baker, J. K., Fenning, R. M., & Crnic, K. A. (2011). Emotion socialization by mothers and fathers: Coherence among behaviors and associations with parent attitudes and children’s social competence. Social Development, 20(2), 412–430.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Baker, J. K., Fenning, R. M., & Crnic, K. A. (2011). Emotion socialization by mothers and fathers: Coherence among behaviors and associations with parent attitudes and children’s social competence. Social Development, 20(2), 412–430.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Bariola, E., Gullone, E., & Hughes, E. K. (2011). Child and adolescent emotion regulation: The role of parental emotion regulation and expression. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(2), 198–212.PubMedCrossRef Bariola, E., Gullone, E., & Hughes, E. K. (2011). Child and adolescent emotion regulation: The role of parental emotion regulation and expression. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(2), 198–212.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bell, R. Q. (1968). A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychological Review, 75(2), 81–95.PubMedCrossRef Bell, R. Q. (1968). A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychological Review, 75(2), 81–95.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brand, A. E., & Klimes-Dugan, B. (2010). Emotion socialization in adolescence: The roles of mothers and fathers. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2010(128), 85–100.PubMedCrossRef Brand, A. E., & Klimes-Dugan, B. (2010). Emotion socialization in adolescence: The roles of mothers and fathers. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2010(128), 85–100.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Campos, J. J., Campos, R. G., & Barrett, K. C. (1989). Emergent themes in the study of emotional development and emotion regulation. Developmental Psychology, 25(3), 394–402.CrossRef Campos, J. J., Campos, R. G., & Barrett, K. C. (1989). Emergent themes in the study of emotional development and emotion regulation. Developmental Psychology, 25(3), 394–402.CrossRef
go back to reference Cassano, M., Adrian, M., Veits, G., & Zeman, J. (2006). The inclusion of fathers in the empirical investigation of child psychopathology: An update. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35(4), 583–589.PubMedCrossRef Cassano, M., Adrian, M., Veits, G., & Zeman, J. (2006). The inclusion of fathers in the empirical investigation of child psychopathology: An update. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35(4), 583–589.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Zeman, J. (2007). Influence of gender on parental socialization of children’s sadness regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 210–231.CrossRef Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Zeman, J. (2007). Influence of gender on parental socialization of children’s sadness regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 210–231.CrossRef
go back to reference Cassano, M. C., & Zeman, J. L. (2010). Parental socialization of sadness regulation in middle childhood: The role of expectations and gender. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1214–1226.PubMedCrossRef Cassano, M. C., & Zeman, J. L. (2010). Parental socialization of sadness regulation in middle childhood: The role of expectations and gender. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1214–1226.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cassano, M. C., Zeman, J. L., & Sanders, W. M. (2014). Responses to children’s sadness: Mothers’ and fathers’ unique contributions and perceptions. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 60(1), 1–23.CrossRef Cassano, M. C., Zeman, J. L., & Sanders, W. M. (2014). Responses to children’s sadness: Mothers’ and fathers’ unique contributions and perceptions. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 60(1), 1–23.CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, P. M. (2014). Moving ahead in the study of the development of emotion regulation. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(2), 203–207.CrossRef Cole, P. M. (2014). Moving ahead in the study of the development of emotion regulation. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(2), 203–207.CrossRef
go back to reference Cunningham, J. N., Kliewer, W., & Garner, P. W. (2009). Emotion socialization, child emotion understanding and regulation, and adjustment in urban African American families: Differential associations across child gender. Development and Psychopathology, 21(1), 261–283.PubMedCrossRef Cunningham, J. N., Kliewer, W., & Garner, P. W. (2009). Emotion socialization, child emotion understanding and regulation, and adjustment in urban African American families: Differential associations across child gender. Development and Psychopathology, 21(1), 261–283.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Desjardins, T. L., & Leadbeater, B. J. (2011). Relational victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescence: Moderating effects of mother, father, and peer emotional support. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(5), 531–544.PubMedCrossRef Desjardins, T. L., & Leadbeater, B. J. (2011). Relational victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescence: Moderating effects of mother, father, and peer emotional support. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(5), 531–544.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dunkel-Schetter, C., Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1987). Correlates of social support receipt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(1), 71–80.PubMedCrossRef Dunkel-Schetter, C., Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1987). Correlates of social support receipt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(1), 71–80.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dunsmore, J. C., Booker, J. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2013). Parental emotion coaching and child emotion regulation as protective factors for children with oppositional defiant disorder. Social Development, 22(3), 444–466.CrossRef Dunsmore, J. C., Booker, J. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2013). Parental emotion coaching and child emotion regulation as protective factors for children with oppositional defiant disorder. Social Development, 22(3), 444–466.CrossRef
go back to reference Dunsmore, J. C., & Halberstadt, A. G. (1997). How does family emotional expressiveness affect children’s schemas? New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 199777, 45–68.CrossRef Dunsmore, J. C., & Halberstadt, A. G. (1997). How does family emotional expressiveness affect children’s schemas? New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 199777, 45–68.CrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., & Murphy, B. C. (1996). Parents’ reactions to children’s negative emotions: Relations to children’s social competence and comforting behavior. Child Development, 67(5), 2227–2247.PubMedCrossRef Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., & Murphy, B. C. (1996). Parents’ reactions to children’s negative emotions: Relations to children’s social competence and comforting behavior. Child Development, 67(5), 2227–2247.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., van Schyndel, S., & Hofer, C. (2015). The association of maternal socialization in childhood and adolescence with adult offspring’s sympathy and caring. Developmental Psychology, 51(1), 7–16.PubMedCrossRef Eisenberg, N., van Schyndel, S., & Hofer, C. (2015). The association of maternal socialization in childhood and adolescence with adult offspring’s sympathy and caring. Developmental Psychology, 51(1), 7–16.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Evans, C. A., & Porter, C. L. (2009). The emergence of mother-infant co-regulation during the first year: Links to infants’ developmental status and attachment. Infant Behavior & Development, 32(2), 147–158.CrossRef Evans, C. A., & Porter, C. L. (2009). The emergence of mother-infant co-regulation during the first year: Links to infants’ developmental status and attachment. Infant Behavior & Development, 32(2), 147–158.CrossRef
go back to reference Fabes, R. A., Poulin, R. E., Eisenberg, N., & Madden-Derdich, D. A. (2002). The Coping with Children’s Negative Emotions Scale (CCNES): Psychometric properties and relations with children’s emotional competence. Marriage & Family Review, 34(3–4), 285–310.CrossRef Fabes, R. A., Poulin, R. E., Eisenberg, N., & Madden-Derdich, D. A. (2002). The Coping with Children’s Negative Emotions Scale (CCNES): Psychometric properties and relations with children’s emotional competence. Marriage & Family Review, 34(3–4), 285–310.CrossRef
go back to reference Gold, M. S., & Bentler, P. M. (2000). Treatments of missing data: A Monte Carlo comparison of RBHDI, iterative stochastic regression imputation, and expectation maximization. Structural Equation Modeling, 7(3), 319–355.CrossRef Gold, M. S., & Bentler, P. M. (2000). Treatments of missing data: A Monte Carlo comparison of RBHDI, iterative stochastic regression imputation, and expectation maximization. Structural Equation Modeling, 7(3), 319–355.CrossRef
go back to reference Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. Gottman, J. M., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.
go back to reference Hastings, P. D., & De, I. (2008). Parasympathetic regulation and parental socialization of emotion: Biopsychosocial processes of adjustment in preschoolers. Social Development, 17(2), 212–238.CrossRef Hastings, P. D., & De, I. (2008). Parasympathetic regulation and parental socialization of emotion: Biopsychosocial processes of adjustment in preschoolers. Social Development, 17(2), 212–238.CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. F., & Matthes, J. (2009). Computational procedures for probing interactions in OLS and logistic regression: SPSS and SAS implementations. Behavior Research Methods, 41(3), 924–936.PubMedCrossRef Hayes, A. F., & Matthes, J. (2009). Computational procedures for probing interactions in OLS and logistic regression: SPSS and SAS implementations. Behavior Research Methods, 41(3), 924–936.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status (unpublished working paper). Department of Sociology, Yale University. Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status (unpublished working paper). Department of Sociology, Yale University.
go back to reference Jobe-Shields, L., Buckholdt, K. E., Parra, G. R., & Tillery, R. N. (2014). Adolescent reactions to maternal responsiveness and internalizing symptomatology: A daily diary investigation. Personal Relationships, 21(2), 335–348.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Jobe-Shields, L., Buckholdt, K. E., Parra, G. R., & Tillery, R. N. (2014). Adolescent reactions to maternal responsiveness and internalizing symptomatology: A daily diary investigation. Personal Relationships, 21(2), 335–348.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Kim, K. J., Conger, R. D., Lorenz, F. O., & Elder, G. H. (2001). Parent-adolescent reciprocity in negative affect and its relation to early adult social development. Developmental Psychology, 34(4), 775–790.CrossRef Kim, K. J., Conger, R. D., Lorenz, F. O., & Elder, G. H. (2001). Parent-adolescent reciprocity in negative affect and its relation to early adult social development. Developmental Psychology, 34(4), 775–790.CrossRef
go back to reference Kliewer, W., Fearnow, M. D., & Miller, P. A. (1996). Coping socialization in middle childhood: Tests of maternal and paternal influences. Child Development, 67(5), 2339–2357.PubMedCrossRef Kliewer, W., Fearnow, M. D., & Miller, P. A. (1996). Coping socialization in middle childhood: Tests of maternal and paternal influences. Child Development, 67(5), 2339–2357.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kring, A. M., & Sloan, D. M. (Eds.). (2009). Emotion regulation and psychopathology: A transdiagnostic approach to etiology and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Kring, A. M., & Sloan, D. M. (Eds.). (2009). Emotion regulation and psychopathology: A transdiagnostic approach to etiology and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Lunkenheimer, E. S., Olson, S. L., Hollenstein, T., Sameroff, A. J., & Winter, C. (2011). Dyadic flexibility and positive affect in parent–child coregulation and the development of child behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 23(2), 577–591.PubMedCrossRef Lunkenheimer, E. S., Olson, S. L., Hollenstein, T., Sameroff, A. J., & Winter, C. (2011). Dyadic flexibility and positive affect in parent–child coregulation and the development of child behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 23(2), 577–591.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lunkenheimer, E. S., Shields, A. M., & Cortina, K. S. (2007). Parental emotion coaching and dismissing in family interaction. Social Development, 16(2), 232–248.CrossRef Lunkenheimer, E. S., Shields, A. M., & Cortina, K. S. (2007). Parental emotion coaching and dismissing in family interaction. Social Development, 16(2), 232–248.CrossRef
go back to reference Magai, C. M. (1996). Emotions as a child self-rating scale. Unpublished measure, Long Island University, New York. Magai, C. M. (1996). Emotions as a child self-rating scale. Unpublished measure, Long Island University, New York.
go back to reference Magai, C. M. (1997). Test–retest reliability and internal consistency of the emotions as a child self-rating scale. Unpublished raw data, Long Island University, New York. Magai, C. M. (1997). Testretest reliability and internal consistency of the emotions as a child self-rating scale. Unpublished raw data, Long Island University, New York.
go back to reference Mirabile, S. P., Scaramella, L. V., Sohr-Preston, S. L., & Robison, S. D. (2009). Mothers’ socialization of emotion regulation: The moderating role of children’s negative emotional reactivity. Child & Youth Care Forum, 38(1), 19–37.CrossRef Mirabile, S. P., Scaramella, L. V., Sohr-Preston, S. L., & Robison, S. D. (2009). Mothers’ socialization of emotion regulation: The moderating role of children’s negative emotional reactivity. Child & Youth Care Forum, 38(1), 19–37.CrossRef
go back to reference Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 361–388.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16(2), 361–388.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Pluess, M., & Belsky, J. (2010). Differential susceptibility to parenting and quality child care. Developmental Psychology, 46(2), 379–390.PubMedCrossRef Pluess, M., & Belsky, J. (2010). Differential susceptibility to parenting and quality child care. Developmental Psychology, 46(2), 379–390.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Prinstein, M. J., Borelli, J. L., Cheah, C. S., Simon, V. A., & Aikins, J. W. (2005). Adolescent girls’ interpersonal vulnerability to depressive symptoms: A longitudinal examination of reassurance-seeking and peer relationships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(4), 676–688.PubMedCrossRef Prinstein, M. J., Borelli, J. L., Cheah, C. S., Simon, V. A., & Aikins, J. W. (2005). Adolescent girls’ interpersonal vulnerability to depressive symptoms: A longitudinal examination of reassurance-seeking and peer relationships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(4), 676–688.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ramsden, S. R., & Hubbard, J. A. (2002). Family expressiveness and parental emotion coaching: Their role in children’s emotion regulation and aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(6), 657–667.PubMedCrossRef Ramsden, S. R., & Hubbard, J. A. (2002). Family expressiveness and parental emotion coaching: Their role in children’s emotion regulation and aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(6), 657–667.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Saarni, C. (1999). The development of emotional competence. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Saarni, C. (1999). The development of emotional competence. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Saarni, C., Campos, J. J., Camras, L. A., & Witherington, D. (2006). Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Series Eds.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of Child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, Emotional and Personality Development (6th ed., pp. 226–299). New York, NY: Wiley. Saarni, C., Campos, J. J., Camras, L. A., & Witherington, D. (2006). Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Series Eds.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of Child psychologyVol. 3Social, Emotional and Personality Development (6th ed., pp. 226–299). New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Sanders, W., Zeman, J., Poon, J., & Miller, R. (2015). Child regulation of negative emotions and depressive symptoms: The moderating role of parental emotion socialization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(2), 402–415.CrossRef Sanders, W., Zeman, J., Poon, J., & Miller, R. (2015). Child regulation of negative emotions and depressive symptoms: The moderating role of parental emotion socialization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(2), 402–415.CrossRef
go back to reference Santostefano, S. (1978). A biodevelopmental approach to clinical child psychology. New York, NY: Wiley. Santostefano, S. (1978). A biodevelopmental approach to clinical child psychology. New York, NY: Wiley.
go back to reference Sarason, I. G., Levine, H. M., Basham, R. B., et al. (1983). Assessing social support: The Social Support Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(1), 127–139.CrossRef Sarason, I. G., Levine, H. M., Basham, R. B., et al. (1983). Assessing social support: The Social Support Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(1), 127–139.CrossRef
go back to reference Shaffer, A., Suveg, C., Thomassin, K., & Bradbury, L. L. (2012). Emotion socialization in the context of family risks: Links to child emotion regulation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(6), 917–924.CrossRef Shaffer, A., Suveg, C., Thomassin, K., & Bradbury, L. L. (2012). Emotion socialization in the context of family risks: Links to child emotion regulation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(6), 917–924.CrossRef
go back to reference Spinrad, T. L., Eisenberg, N., Gaertner, B., Popp, T., Smith, C. L., Kupfer, A., et al. (2007). Relations of maternal socialization and toddlers’ effortful control to children’s adjustment and social competence. Developmental Psychology, 43(5), 1170–1186.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Spinrad, T. L., Eisenberg, N., Gaertner, B., Popp, T., Smith, C. L., Kupfer, A., et al. (2007). Relations of maternal socialization and toddlers’ effortful control to children’s adjustment and social competence. Developmental Psychology, 43(5), 1170–1186.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Starr, L. R., & Davila, J. (2008). Excessive reassurance seeking, depression, and interpersonal rejection: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117(4), 762–775.PubMedCrossRef Starr, L. R., & Davila, J. (2008). Excessive reassurance seeking, depression, and interpersonal rejection: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117(4), 762–775.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stocker, C. M., Richmond, M. K., Rhoades, G. K., & Kiang, L. (2007). Family emotional processes and adolescents’ adjustment. Social Development, 16(2), 310–325.CrossRef Stocker, C. M., Richmond, M. K., Rhoades, G. K., & Kiang, L. (2007). Family emotional processes and adolescents’ adjustment. Social Development, 16(2), 310–325.CrossRef
go back to reference Suveg, C., Sood, E., Barmish, A., Tiwari, S., Hudson, J. L., & Kendall, P. C. (2008). “I’d rather not talk about it”: Emotion parenting in families of children with an anxiety disorder. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(6), 875–884.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Suveg, C., Sood, E., Barmish, A., Tiwari, S., Hudson, J. L., & Kendall, P. C. (2008). “I’d rather not talk about it”: Emotion parenting in families of children with an anxiety disorder. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(6), 875–884.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2012). Using multivariate statistics: International edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2012). Using multivariate statistics: International edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
go back to reference Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2–3), 25–52.PubMedCrossRef Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2–3), 25–52.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Vandevivere, E., Braet, C., & Bosmans, G. (2014). Under which conditions do early adolescents need maternal support? The Journal of Early Adolescence, 35(2), 162–169.CrossRef Vandevivere, E., Braet, C., & Bosmans, G. (2014). Under which conditions do early adolescents need maternal support? The Journal of Early Adolescence, 35(2), 162–169.CrossRef
go back to reference Zeman, J., Cassano, M., & Adrian, M. (2013). Socialization influences on children’s and adolescents’ emotional self-regulation processes: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In K. Barrett, G. Morgan, & N. Fox (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulatory processes in development: New directions and international perspectives (pp. 79–107). NYC: Routledge. Zeman, J., Cassano, M., & Adrian, M. (2013). Socialization influences on children’s and adolescents’ emotional self-regulation processes: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In K. Barrett, G. Morgan, & N. Fox (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulatory processes in development: New directions and international perspectives (pp. 79–107). NYC: Routledge.
go back to reference Zeman, J., Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Stegall, S. (2006). Emotion regulation in children and adolescents. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27(2), 155–168.PubMedCrossRef Zeman, J., Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Stegall, S. (2006). Emotion regulation in children and adolescents. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27(2), 155–168.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zeman, J. L., Cassano, M., Suveg, C., & Shipman, K. (2010a). Initial validation of the Children’s Worry Management Scale. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(4), 381–392.CrossRef Zeman, J. L., Cassano, M., Suveg, C., & Shipman, K. (2010a). Initial validation of the Children’s Worry Management Scale. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(4), 381–392.CrossRef
go back to reference Zeman, J., Dallaire, D., Borowski, S., & Poon, J. (2014). Emotion coping strategies and externalizing behaviors in youth with an incarcerated mother. C. Cavanaugh (Chair). Families behind bars: Familial justice system contact and adolescent development. Talk presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Adolescence, Austin, TX. Zeman, J., Dallaire, D., Borowski, S., & Poon, J. (2014). Emotion coping strategies and externalizing behaviors in youth with an incarcerated mother. C. Cavanaugh (Chair). Families behind bars: Familial justice system contact and adolescent development. Talk presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Adolescence, Austin, TX.
go back to reference Zeman, J., & Garber, J. (1996). Display rules for anger, sadness, and pain: It depends on who is watching. Child Development, 67(3), 957–973.PubMedCrossRef Zeman, J., & Garber, J. (1996). Display rules for anger, sadness, and pain: It depends on who is watching. Child Development, 67(3), 957–973.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zeman, J., Perry-Parrish, C., & Cassano, M. (2010). Parent–child discussions of anger and sadness: The importance of parent and child gender. In A. Kennedy & S. Denham (Eds.) New directions in child development: Focus on gender—parent and child contributions to socialization of emotional competence, 128(1), 65–83. Zeman, J., Perry-Parrish, C., & Cassano, M. (2010). Parent–child discussions of anger and sadness: The importance of parent and child gender. In A. Kennedy & S. Denham (Eds.) New directions in child development: Focus on gender—parent and child contributions to socialization of emotional competence, 128(1), 65–83.
go back to reference Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Suveg, C. (2002). Anger and sadness regulation: Predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(3), 393–398.PubMedCrossRef Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Suveg, C. (2002). Anger and sadness regulation: Predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(3), 393–398.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30–41.CrossRef Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30–41.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Children’s Maternal Support-Seeking: Relations to Maternal Emotion Socialization Responses and Children’s Emotion Management
Auteurs
Rachel Miller-Slough
Janice Lillian Zeman
Jennifer Ann Poon
Wesley Mark Sanders
Publicatiedatum
04-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 10/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0465-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 10/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2016 Naar de uitgave