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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 1/2012

Open Access 01-12-2012 | Poster presentation

Children’s functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes

Auteurs: Caleb Wegener, Andrew Greene, Renee Millar, Joshua Burns, Adrienne E Hunt, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Richard M Smith

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research | bijlage 1/2012

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Background

Shoes have a considerable impact on children’s walking and running biomechanics [1]. Given the number of significant changes shoes make to children’s gait, shoes may also affect children’s ability to perform functional tasks. This study aimed to determine the effect of shoes on children’s balance, standing long jump and running agility.

Methods

Nine boys and 10 girls (mean age 10 years (SD1.4)) performed four activities barefoot and wearing sports shoes (Kanbarra, Asics Oceania Pty Ltd.) in a randomised order. To allow for a gradual warm up, activities were undertaken in a predetermined order of: 2x20sec single leg balance eyes open; 2 x20sec single leg balance eyes closed; 2x standing long jump; timed running agility (4x10m). These tasks were undertaken as previously described in the literature [2, 3]. The balance tasks were undertaken on concrete surface, while the standing long jump and agility were undertaken on carpet. The better of two performances, except running agility in which only one attempt was undertaken, were selected for analysis. Significance was assessed with the Wilcoxon Signed rank test for non-parametric data and a paired samples t-test for parametric data.

Results

Shoes did not significantly alter single leg balance with eyes open (20sec (0) to 20sec (0); p=1.00) or with eyes closed (12.4sec (7.9) to 14.4sec (7.4); p=0.255). Children jumped further in shoes (1.43m (0.24) to 1.48m (0.23); p=0.033). Running agility did not significantly change in shoes (12.8sec (1.1) to 12.9sec (1.4); p=0.250).

Conclusions

Shoes improve children’s standing long jump performance. This is possibly due to increased perception of protection on landing or improved friction between the outersole and carpet. Alternatively the splinting effect of shoes could improve force transfer from the calf musculature to the foot and ground. Sports shoes do not impair static balance or agility but do improve children’s standing long jump.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​2.​0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Wegener C, Hunt AE, Vanwanseele B, Burns J, Smith RM: Effect of children's shoes on gait:a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Foot Ankle Res. 2011, 4: 3-10.1186/1757-1146-4-3. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Wegener C, Hunt AE, Vanwanseele B, Burns J, Smith RM: Effect of children's shoes on gait:a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Foot Ankle Res. 2011, 4: 3-10.1186/1757-1146-4-3. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
2.
go back to reference Ortega FB, Artero EG, Ruiz JR, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Bergman P, Hagströmer M, Ottevaere C, Nagy E, Konsta O, Rey-López JP, Polito A, Dietrich S, Plada M, Béghin L, Manios Y, Sjöström M, Castillo MJ: Reliability of health-related physical fitness tests in European adolescents. The HELENA Study. Int J Obes(lond). 2008, 32: S49-S57. CrossRef Ortega FB, Artero EG, Ruiz JR, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Bergman P, Hagströmer M, Ottevaere C, Nagy E, Konsta O, Rey-López JP, Polito A, Dietrich S, Plada M, Béghin L, Manios Y, Sjöström M, Castillo MJ: Reliability of health-related physical fitness tests in European adolescents. The HELENA Study. Int J Obes(lond). 2008, 32: S49-S57. CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Humphriss R, Hall A, May M, Macleod J: Balance ability of 7 and 10 year old children in the population: Results from a large UK birth cohort study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011, 75: 106-113. 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.10.019. CrossRefPubMed Humphriss R, Hall A, May M, Macleod J: Balance ability of 7 and 10 year old children in the population: Results from a large UK birth cohort study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011, 75: 106-113. 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.10.019. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Children’s functional performance barefoot and in sports shoes
Auteurs
Caleb Wegener
Andrew Greene
Renee Millar
Joshua Burns
Adrienne E Hunt
Benedicte Vanwanseele
Richard M Smith
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2012
Uitgeverij
BioMed Central
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research / Uitgave bijlage 1/2012
Elektronisch ISSN: 1757-1146
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-5-S1-P31

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