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29-07-2017 | Original Article | Uitgave 2/2018

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2018

Children’s and Parents’ Ability to Tolerate Child Distress: Impact on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 2/2018
Robert R. Selles, Martin Franklin, Jeffrey Sapyta, Scott N. Compton, Doug Tommet, Richard N. Jones, Abbe Garcia, Jennifer Freeman


The present study explored the concept of tolerance for child distress in 46 children (ages 5–8), along with their mothers and fathers, who received family-based CBT for OCD. The study sought to describe baseline tolerance, changes in tolerance with treatment, and the predictive impact of tolerance on symptom improvement. Tolerance was rated by clinicians on a single item and the CY-BOCS was used to measure OCD severity. Descriptive results suggested that all participants had some difficulty tolerating the child’s distress at baseline while paired t tests indicated large improvements were made over treatment (d = 1.2–2.0). Fathers’ initial tolerance was significantly related to symptom improvement in a multivariate regression as were fathers’ and children’s changes in distress tolerance over the course of treatment. Overall, results provide support for examining tolerance of child distress including its predictive impact and potential as a supplemental intervention target.

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