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01-10-2006 | Original Paper | Uitgave 5/2006

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 5/2006

Children of Adolescent Mothers: Exposure to Negative Life Events and the Role of Social Supports on Their Socioemotional Adjustment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 5/2006
Auteurs:
Shannon S. Carothers, John G. Borkowski, Thomas L. Whitman
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This research was supported by NIH grant # HD-26456. The first author was a predoctoral trainee on NIH grant # HD-07184 and interest focus on protective factors for at-risk populations.
Shannon S. Carothers is attending Georgetown University for her post-doctorate. She received her Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology from the University of Notre Dame. Her major research interests are at-risk populations, protective factors, religiosity, and parent training.
John G. Borkowski is the Andrew J. McKenna Family Chair and Professor at the University of Notre Dame. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Iowa. His major research interests are memory, cognitive development, adolescent parenting, and intelligence in children.
Thomas L. Whitman is a Professor at the University of Notre Dame. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Illinois. His major research interests center on early childhood development.

Abstract

Children born to adolescent mothers have heightened vulnerability for exposure to multiple stressful life events owing to factors associated with teenaged parenthood such as poverty and low levels of maternal education. This study investigated whether early exposure to negative life events such as parental divorce, residential instability, and deaths in the family predicted children’s socioemotional and behavioral functioning at age 10. Hierarchical regression analyses suggested that negative life events—which were reported by 94% of the sample—were associated with less favorable developmental outcomes, with social support serving as a buffer between exposure to these events and children’s anxiety, internalization, externalization, and maladaptive behaviors.

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