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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 8/2011

01-11-2011

Childhood Social Withdrawal, Interpersonal Impairment, and Young Adult Depression: A Mediational Model

Auteurs: Shaina J. Katz, Christopher C. Conway, Constance L. Hammen, Patricia A. Brennan, Jake M. Najman

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 8/2011

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Abstract

Building on interpersonal theories of depression, the current study sought to explore whether early childhood social withdrawal serves as a risk factor for depressive symptoms and diagnoses in young adulthood. The researchers hypothesized that social impairment at age 15 would mediate the association between social withdrawal at age 5 and depression by age 20. This mediational model was tested in a community sample of 702 Australian youth followed from mother’s pregnancy to youth age 20. Structural equation modeling analyses found support for a model in which childhood social withdrawal predicted adolescent social impairment, which, in turn, predicted depression in young adulthood. Additionally, gender was found to moderate the relationship between adolescent social impairment and depression in early adulthood, with females exhibiting a stronger association between social functioning and depression at the symptom and diagnostic level. This study illuminates one potential pathway from early developing social difficulties to later depressive symptoms and disorders.

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Voetnoten
1
In both the symptom and diagnosis models, excluding maternal depression from the models did not alter the pattern or significance of results.
 
2
When both the symptom and diagnosis models were re-run to include the direct effect of social withdrawal on depressive outcomes, all previously significant paths and the indirect effects involving social impairment at age 15 remained significant (zs > 2.0, ps < 0.05).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Childhood Social Withdrawal, Interpersonal Impairment, and Young Adult Depression: A Mediational Model
Auteurs
Shaina J. Katz
Christopher C. Conway
Constance L. Hammen
Patricia A. Brennan
Jake M. Najman
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 8/2011
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9537-z