Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 8/2021

16-06-2021 | Original Paper

Child Welfare Services Response to COVID-19: Addressing Face-to-Face Contacts

Auteurs: Kristen D. Seay, Amanda Stafford McRell

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 8/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, child welfare case managers faced contradictions in their responsibility to make regular in-person contact with children and families to promote safety, permanency, and well-being while following public health directives to avoid social contact in order to curb COVID-19 infections. In response, federal guidance was issued regarding the use of technology to maintain mandated contacts with children in foster care. States had to make decisions about how to handle other contact types. This study reviewed documentation of state child welfare agency practices regarding face-to-face contact between case managers and child-welfare involved families between March 2020 and May 2020. Using a point-in-time search to obtain publicly accessible documents related to caseworker face-to-face contact and COVID-19, data was located for 49 states and the District of Columbia (n = 50). Documents were analyzed in NVIVO 12 using document analysis. Within the context of face-to-face interactions by child welfare case managers, documents were analyzed in six themes based on the types of services provided to children and families: (1) investigations, (2) family preservation, (3) family team meetings, (4) foster care, (5) adoption, and (6) general child welfare. State decisions about how to manage these contacts varied. In several states case managers were directed to document both virtual and in-person contacts during this time as face-to-face; which may impact future evaluations of child welfare systems during COVID-19. Findings highlight a range of strategies used by state child welfare systems. By reviewing previous practice and hearing what other states are doing, child welfare service agencies have the potential to evaluate appropriately, strengthen their plans and address disparate impacts.
Literatuur
go back to reference Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38(12), 2753–2755. CrossRef Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38(12), 2753–2755. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40. Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40.
go back to reference Bruskas, D. (2008). Children in foster care: a vulnerable population at risk. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 21(2), 70–77. CrossRef Bruskas, D. (2008). Children in foster care: a vulnerable population at risk. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 21(2), 70–77. CrossRef
go back to reference Bryant, D. J., Oo, M., & Damian, A. J. (2020). The rise of adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Bryant, D. J., Oo, M., & Damian, A. J. (2020). The rise of adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.
go back to reference Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006, Pub. L. 109-288, § 120 Stat. 1233. (2006). Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006, Pub. L. 109-288, § 120 Stat. 1233. (2006).
go back to reference Child and Family Services Improvement and Innovation Act of 2011, Pub. L. 112-34. (2011). Child and Family Services Improvement and Innovation Act of 2011, Pub. L. 112-34. (2011).
go back to reference Coulton, C. J., Crampton, D. S., Irwin, M., Spilsbury, J. C., & Korbin, J. E. (2007). How neighborhoods influence child maltreatment: a review of the literature and alternative pathways. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(11), 1117–1142. CrossRef Coulton, C. J., Crampton, D. S., Irwin, M., Spilsbury, J. C., & Korbin, J. E. (2007). How neighborhoods influence child maltreatment: a review of the literature and alternative pathways. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(11), 1117–1142. CrossRef
go back to reference Dooley, D. G., Bandealy, A., & Tschudy, M. M. (2020). Low-income children and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the US. JAMA Pediatrics. Dooley, D. G., Bandealy, A., & Tschudy, M. M. (2020). Low-income children and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the US. JAMA Pediatrics.
go back to reference Greer, S. L., King, E. J., da Fonseca, E. M., & Peralta-Santos, A. (2020). The comparative politics of COVID-19: the need to understand government responses. Global Public Health, 15(9), 1413–1416. CrossRef Greer, S. L., King, E. J., da Fonseca, E. M., & Peralta-Santos, A. (2020). The comparative politics of COVID-19: the need to understand government responses. Global Public Health, 15(9), 1413–1416. CrossRef
go back to reference Griffith, A. K. (2020). Parental burnout and child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Family Violence, 1-7. Griffith, A. K. (2020). Parental burnout and child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Family Violence, 1-7.
go back to reference Idaho Department of Health and Welfare (2020). Guidance for Social Worker Contacts and Parent/Child Visits During COVID-19. Idaho Department of Health and Welfare (2020). Guidance for Social Worker Contacts and Parent/Child Visits During COVID-19.
go back to reference Iowa Department of Human Services. (2020, May 1). Home Visitation and Contact Guidance in Response to COVID-19 for Child Welfare Family-Centered Services: May 1, 2020. Iowa Department of Human Services. (2020, May 1). Home Visitation and Contact Guidance in Response to COVID-19 for Child Welfare Family-Centered Services: May 1, 2020.
go back to reference Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services. (2020, March 18). Protection and Permanency Information Memorandum, 20-02. Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services. (2020, March 18). Protection and Permanency Information Memorandum, 20-02.
go back to reference Van Lancker, W., & Parolin, Z. (2020). COVID-19, school closures, and child poverty: a social crisis in the making. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e243–e244. CrossRef Van Lancker, W., & Parolin, Z. (2020). COVID-19, school closures, and child poverty: a social crisis in the making. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e243–e244. CrossRef
go back to reference Lee, A. (2020). COVID-19 and the Advancement of Digital Physical Therapist Practice and Telehealth. Physical Therapy. Lee, A. (2020). COVID-19 and the Advancement of Digital Physical Therapist Practice and Telehealth. Physical Therapy.
go back to reference Linneberg, M. S., & Korsgaard, S. (2019). Coding qualitative data: A synthesis guiding the novice. Qualitative research journal. Linneberg, M. S., & Korsgaard, S. (2019). Coding qualitative data: A synthesis guiding the novice. Qualitative research journal.
go back to reference Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, May 15). Guidance on Child, Family and Facility Contact During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency, 5/13/2020. Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, May 15). Guidance on Child, Family and Facility Contact During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency, 5/13/2020.
go back to reference New Jersey Department of Children and Families. (2020, May 13). Division of Child Protection & Permanency Summary Guidelines, Issued 3/20/20 - Updated 4/17/20. New Jersey Department of Children and Families. (2020, May 13). Division of Child Protection & Permanency Summary Guidelines, Issued 3/20/20 - Updated 4/17/20.
go back to reference O’Leary, Z. (2014). The essential guide to doing your research project. 2nd ed. SAGE Publications, Inc. O’Leary, Z. (2014). The essential guide to doing your research project. 2nd ed. SAGE Publications, Inc.
go back to reference Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. (2020, May 6). ODJFS Coronavirus (COVID-19) Response Frequently Asked Questions, Updated: May 6, 2020. Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. (2020, May 6). ODJFS Coronavirus (COVID-19) Response Frequently Asked Questions, Updated: May 6, 2020.
go back to reference DePanfilis, D., & Salus, M. K. (2003). Child Protective Services: A guide for caseworkers. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. DePanfilis, D., & Salus, M. K. (2003). Child Protective Services: A guide for caseworkers. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
go back to reference Posick, C., Schueths, A. A., Christian, C., Grubb, J. A., & Christian, S. E. (2020). Child victim services in the time of COVID-19: new challenges and innovative solutions. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45(4), 680–689. CrossRef Posick, C., Schueths, A. A., Christian, C., Grubb, J. A., & Christian, S. E. (2020). Child victim services in the time of COVID-19: new challenges and innovative solutions. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45(4), 680–689. CrossRef
go back to reference Prime, H., Wade, M., & Browne, D. T. (2020). Risk and resilience in family well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist, 75(5), 631–643. Prime, H., Wade, M., & Browne, D. T. (2020). Risk and resilience in family well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist, 75(5), 631–643.
go back to reference Seay, K. D. (2020). Pathways from parental substance use to child internalizing and externalizing behaviors in a child protective services sample. Child Maltreatment, 25(4), 446–456. CrossRef Seay, K. D. (2020). Pathways from parental substance use to child internalizing and externalizing behaviors in a child protective services sample. Child Maltreatment, 25(4), 446–456. CrossRef
go back to reference Seay, K. D. & Kohl, P. L. (2015). The comorbid and individual impacts of maternal depression and substance dependence on parenting and child behavior problems. Journal of Family Violence, 30(7), 899–910. CrossRef Seay, K. D. & Kohl, P. L. (2015). The comorbid and individual impacts of maternal depression and substance dependence on parenting and child behavior problems. Journal of Family Violence, 30(7), 899–910. CrossRef
go back to reference Seay, K. D., Iachini, A. L., DeHart, D. D., Browne, T. & Clone, S. (2017). Substance abuse treatment engagement among mothers: Perceptions of the parenting role and agency-related motivators and inhibitors. Journal of Family Social Work, 20(3), 196–212. CrossRef Seay, K. D., Iachini, A. L., DeHart, D. D., Browne, T. & Clone, S. (2017). Substance abuse treatment engagement among mothers: Perceptions of the parenting role and agency-related motivators and inhibitors. Journal of Family Social Work, 20(3), 196–212. CrossRef
go back to reference Shanahan, M. (2010). Cross-sectional design. In A. Mills, Durepos, G., & Wiebe, E. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of case study research (pp. 268-269). SAGE Publications, Inc. Shanahan, M. (2010). Cross-sectional design. In A. Mills, Durepos, G., & Wiebe, E. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of case study research (pp. 268-269). SAGE Publications, Inc.
go back to reference Turney, K., & Wildeman, C. (2017). Adverse childhood experiences among children placed in and adopted from foster care: Evidence from a nationally representative survey. Child Abuse & Neglect, 64, 117–129. CrossRef Turney, K., & Wildeman, C. (2017). Adverse childhood experiences among children placed in and adopted from foster care: Evidence from a nationally representative survey. Child Abuse & Neglect, 64, 117–129. CrossRef
go back to reference Webster, P. (2020). Virtual health care in the era of COVID-19. The Lancet, 395(10231), 1180–1181. CrossRef Webster, P. (2020). Virtual health care in the era of COVID-19. The Lancet, 395(10231), 1180–1181. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Child Welfare Services Response to COVID-19: Addressing Face-to-Face Contacts
Auteurs
Kristen D. Seay
Amanda Stafford McRell
Publicatiedatum
16-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02000-7