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31-01-2018 | Original Paper

Child, Maternal and Demographic Factors Influencing Caregiver-Reported Autistic Trait Symptomatology in Toddlers

Auteurs: D. A. Goh, D. Gan, J. Kung, S. Baron-Cohen, C. Allison, H. Chen, S. M. Saw, Y. S. Chong, V. S. Rajadurai, K. H. Tan, P. C. L. Shek, F. Yap, B. F. P. Broekman, I. Magiati

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2018

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Abstract

Current research on children’s autistic traits in the general population relies predominantly on caregiver-report, yet the extent to which individual, caregiver or demographic characteristics are associated with informants’ ratings has not been sufficiently explored. In this study, caregivers of 396 Singaporean two-year-olds from a birth cohort study completed the Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Children’s gender, cognitive functioning and birth order, maternal age, and ethnic group membership were not significant predictors of caregiver-reported autistic traits. Poorer child language development and higher maternal depressive symptoms significantly predicted more social-communicative autistic traits, while lower maternal education predicted more behavioural autistic traits. Children’s language and informants’ educational level and depressive symptomatology may need to be considered in caregiver-reports of autistic traits.
Voetnoten
1
A number of researchers, clinicians and advocates prefer the use of the term Condition (autism spectrum condition; ASC) instead of disorder (ASD), as it is a less stigmatizing term. We advocate for the use of this term too, but have used the term ASD in this paper to be consistent with most existing literature and the DSM-5.
 
2
These include the Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Q-CHAT; Allison et al. 2008); the Autism Spectrum Quotient—Child (AQ-Child; Auyeung et al. 2008), Adolescent (AQ-Adol; Baron-Cohen et al. 2006) and Adult Versions (AQ; Baron-Cohen et al. 2001); the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC; Skuse et al. 2005), the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Berument et al. 1999), the Social Responsiveness Scale-2 (SRS-2; Constantino 2012) and the Childhood Autism Spectrum Test (CAST; Scott et al. 2002).
 
3
Inclusion into the GUSTO Neurodevelopment cohort was prioritized for families who were willing to participate in regular assessments during centre and home visits.
 
4
Pregnancies that ended in miscarriage, mothers with Type I diabetes mellitus or those receiving chemotherapy or on psychotropic medication were not included.
 
5
The population of Singapore consists of 74.3% ethnically Chinese, 13.4% Malay and 9.1% Indians (Department of Statistics Singapore 2016), and as such Malay and Indian participants were over-sampled in the GUSTO study.
 
6
Example items include: “How easy is it for you to get eye contact with your child?”; “If you or someone else in the family is visibly upset, does your child show signs of wanting to comfort them (e.g. stroking their hair, hugging them)?”; and “Does your child do the same thing over and over again (e.g. running the tap, turning the light switch on and off, opening and closing doors)?”.
 
7
Singapore population comprises approximately 74.3% Chinese, 13.4% Malay and 9.1% Indian, according to the Department of Statistics Singapore (2016); thus, the reference group is Chinese.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Child, Maternal and Demographic Factors Influencing Caregiver-Reported Autistic Trait Symptomatology in Toddlers
Auteurs
D. A. Goh
D. Gan
J. Kung
S. Baron-Cohen
C. Allison
H. Chen
S. M. Saw
Y. S. Chong
V. S. Rajadurai
K. H. Tan
P. C. L. Shek
F. Yap
B. F. P. Broekman
I. Magiati
Publicatiedatum
31-01-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3471-7

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