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29-09-2021 | Article

Child Maltreatment and Long-Term Physical and Mental Health Outcomes: An Exploration of Biopsychosocial Determinants and Implications for Prevention

Auteurs: Divya Mehta, Adrian B. Kelly, Kristin R. Laurens, Divna Haslam, Kate E. Williams, Kerryann Walsh, Philip R. A. Baker, Hannah E. Carter, Nigar G. Khawaja, Oksana Zelenko, Ben Mathews

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Child maltreatment rates remain unacceptably high and rates are likely to escalate as COVID-related economic problems continue. A comprehensive and evidence-building approach is needed to prevent, detect and intervene where child maltreatment occurs. This review identifies key challenges in definitions, overviews the latest data on prevalence rates, reviews risk and protective factors, and examines common long-term mental health outcomes for children who experience maltreatment. The review takes a systems approach to child maltreatment outcomes through its focus on the overall burden of disease, gene-environment interactions, neurobiological mechanisms and social ecologies linking maltreatment to mental ill-health. Five recommendations relating to the accurate measurement of trends, research on brain structures and processes, improving the reach and impact of teleservices for detecting, preventing and treating child maladjustment, community-based approaches, and building population-focused multidisciplinary alliances and think tanks are presented.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Child Maltreatment and Long-Term Physical and Mental Health Outcomes: An Exploration of Biopsychosocial Determinants and Implications for Prevention
Auteurs
Divya Mehta
Adrian B. Kelly
Kristin R. Laurens
Divna Haslam
Kate E. Williams
Kerryann Walsh
Philip R. A. Baker
Hannah E. Carter
Nigar G. Khawaja
Oksana Zelenko
Ben Mathews
Publicatiedatum
29-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01258-8

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