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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2023

01-09-2022

Child Anxiety and Depression Symptom Trajectories and Predictors over 15 Months of the Coronavirus Pandemic

Auteurs: Meredith Gruhn, Adam Bryant Miller, Laura Machlin, Summer Motton, Crystal Ei Thinzar, Margaret A. Sheridan

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

Repeated measures are required to monitor and map trajectories of mental health symptoms that are sensitive to the changing distal and proximal stressors throughout the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Understanding symptoms in young children is particularly important given the short- and long-term implications of early-onset internalizing symptoms. This study utilized an intensive longitudinal approach to assess the course and environmental correlates of anxiety and depression symptoms in 133 children, ages 4–11 (Mage = 7.35, SD = 1.03), in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Caregivers completed 48 repeated assessments from April 7, 2020, to June 15, 2021, on child and caregiver mental health symptoms, family functioning, and COVID-19-related environmental changes. Results from a series of multilevel growth models demonstrate that child depression symptoms were highest following initial stay-at-home orders (April 2020) and linearly decreased over time, while child anxiety symptoms were variable over the 15-month period. Caregiver depression symptoms and family conflict significantly predicted levels of child depression symptoms. In contrast, caregiver depression symptoms, caregiver anxiety symptoms, and time spent home quarantining significantly predicted levels of child anxiety symptoms. Results suggest that depression and anxiety symptoms in young children may have unique trajectories over the course of the coronavirus pandemic and highlight symptom-specific risk factors for each symptom.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Child Anxiety and Depression Symptom Trajectories and Predictors over 15 Months of the Coronavirus Pandemic
Auteurs
Meredith Gruhn
Adam Bryant Miller
Laura Machlin
Summer Motton
Crystal Ei Thinzar
Margaret A. Sheridan
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-022-00963-9

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