Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 8/2014

01-11-2014 | Original Paper

Child and Family Emotional Functioning: A Cross-National Examination of Families from China and the United States

Auteurs: Cynthia Suveg, James N. Raley, Diana Morelen, Wei Wang, Rachel Z. Han, Scott Campion

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 8/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Scant research has examined links between particular emotion socialization processes and child emotion functioning cross-nationally. In this study, we assessed a sample of 55 families from the United States (U.S.; 28 boys and 27 girls) and 49 families from China (27 boys and 22 girls) on family emotional expressiveness and children’s emotional experiences and regulation. Results indicated that children and families from the U.S. reported greater emotional expressiveness than their Chinese counterparts. Children from the U.S. also reported greater undercontrolled emotion than Chinese youth. Family expression of positive emotion was related to effortful emotion regulation in U.S. youth only, whereas family expression of negative emotion was associated with undercontrolled emotion for both U.S. and Chinese children. Our findings advance context-specific models of emotional development by illustrating similarities and differences in emotional functioning among U.S. and Chinese families. From a clinical perspective, the findings suggest that practitioners should consider the cultural variations of emotion communication within families when conducting both assessment and therapy.
Literatuur
go back to reference Boyum, L. A., & Parke, R. D. (1995). The role of family emotional expressiveness in the development of children’s social competence. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 593–608. doi: 10.​2307/​353915. CrossRef Boyum, L. A., & Parke, R. D. (1995). The role of family emotional expressiveness in the development of children’s social competence. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 593–608. doi: 10.​2307/​353915. CrossRef
go back to reference Chen, S. H., Zhou, Q., Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., & Wang, Y. (2011). Parental expressivity in Chinese families: Relations to parenting styles and children’s psychological adjustment. Parenting: Science and Practice, 11, 288–307. doi: 10.​1080/​15295192.​2011.​613725. CrossRef Chen, S. H., Zhou, Q., Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., & Wang, Y. (2011). Parental expressivity in Chinese families: Relations to parenting styles and children’s psychological adjustment. Parenting: Science and Practice, 11, 288–307. doi: 10.​1080/​15295192.​2011.​613725. CrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analyses for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analyses for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Cunningham, J. N., Kliewer, W., & Garner, P. W. (2009). Emotion socialization, child emotion understanding and regulation, and adjustment in urban African American families: Differential associations across child gender. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 261–283. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940900015​7. PubMedCrossRef Cunningham, J. N., Kliewer, W., & Garner, P. W. (2009). Emotion socialization, child emotion understanding and regulation, and adjustment in urban African American families: Differential associations across child gender. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 261–283. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940900015​7. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Denham, S., & Grout, L. (1992). Mother’s emotional expressiveness and coping: Relations with preschoolers’ social-emotional competence. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 118, 73–101. Denham, S., & Grout, L. (1992). Mother’s emotional expressiveness and coping: Relations with preschoolers’ social-emotional competence. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 118, 73–101.
go back to reference Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J. T., & Rapson, R. L. (1994). Emotional contagion. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J. T., & Rapson, R. L. (1994). Emotional contagion. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Hofstede, G. (1980). Cultures consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Hofstede, G. (1980). Cultures consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Johnson, J. T. (2007). Beliefs about the emotions of self and others among Asian American and non-Asian American students: Basic similarities and the mediation of differences. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 270–284. doi: 10.​1177/​0022022107300274​. CrossRef Johnson, J. T. (2007). Beliefs about the emotions of self and others among Asian American and non-Asian American students: Basic similarities and the mediation of differences. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 270–284. doi: 10.​1177/​0022022107300274​. CrossRef
go back to reference Kline, P. (2000). The handbook of psychological testing (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. Kline, P. (2000). The handbook of psychological testing (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
go back to reference Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. R., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., et al. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 326–338. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​11.​3.​326. CrossRef Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. R., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., et al. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 326–338. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​11.​3.​326. CrossRef
go back to reference Lin, C., & Fu, V. (1990). A comparison of child rearing practices among Chinese, immigrant Chinese, and Caucasian-American parents. Child Development, 61, 429–433. doi: 10.​2307/​1131104. CrossRef Lin, C., & Fu, V. (1990). A comparison of child rearing practices among Chinese, immigrant Chinese, and Caucasian-American parents. Child Development, 61, 429–433. doi: 10.​2307/​1131104. CrossRef
go back to reference Liu, A., Wang, M., Zhang, J., & Xing, X. (2009). Relationship between family expressiveness and preschool children’s anxiety. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17, 465–467. Liu, A., Wang, M., Zhang, J., & Xing, X. (2009). Relationship between family expressiveness and preschool children’s anxiety. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17, 465–467.
go back to reference Matsumoto, D., & Juang, L. (2013). Culture and psychology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. Matsumoto, D., & Juang, L. (2013). Culture and psychology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.
go back to reference McAuliffe, M. D., Hubbard, J. A., Rubin, R. M., Morrow, M. T., & Dearing, K. F. (2007). Reactive and proactive aggression: Stability of constructs and relations to correlates. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 167, 365–382. CrossRef McAuliffe, M. D., Hubbard, J. A., Rubin, R. M., Morrow, M. T., & Dearing, K. F. (2007). Reactive and proactive aggression: Stability of constructs and relations to correlates. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 167, 365–382. CrossRef
go back to reference Saw, A., & Okazaki, S. (2010). Family emotion socialization and affective distress in Asian American and White American college students. Asian American. Journal of Psychology, 1, 81–92. doi: 10.​1037/​a0019638. Saw, A., & Okazaki, S. (2010). Family emotion socialization and affective distress in Asian American and White American college students. Asian American. Journal of Psychology, 1, 81–92. doi: 10.​1037/​a0019638.
go back to reference Tao, A., Zhou, Q., & Wang, Y. (2010). Parental reactions to children’s negative emotions: Prospective relations to Chinese children’s psychological adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 135–144. doi: 10.​1037/​a0018974. PubMedCrossRef Tao, A., Zhou, Q., & Wang, Y. (2010). Parental reactions to children’s negative emotions: Prospective relations to Chinese children’s psychological adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology, 24, 135–144. doi: 10.​1037/​a0018974. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, R. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of a definition. Emotion regulation biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 25–52. doi: 10.​2307/​1166137. PubMedCrossRef Thompson, R. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of a definition. Emotion regulation biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59, 25–52. doi: 10.​2307/​1166137. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Vasilev, C. A., Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., Mead, H. K., & Gatze-Kopp, L. M. (2009). Correspondence between physiological and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation: A longitudinal investigation of youth with and without psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1357–1364. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2009.​02172.​x. PubMedCrossRef Vasilev, C. A., Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., Mead, H. K., & Gatze-Kopp, L. M. (2009). Correspondence between physiological and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation: A longitudinal investigation of youth with and without psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 1357–1364. doi: 10.​1111/​j.​1469-7610.​2009.​02172.​x. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. New York, NY: The Psychological Corporation, Harcourt Brace & Company. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. New York, NY: The Psychological Corporation, Harcourt Brace & Company.
go back to reference Weidong, Z., Jing, D., & Schick, C. J. (2004). The cross-cultural measurement of positive and negative affect examining the dimensionality of PANAS. Psychological Science (China), 27, 77–79. Weidong, Z., Jing, D., & Schick, C. J. (2004). The cross-cultural measurement of positive and negative affect examining the dimensionality of PANAS. Psychological Science (China), 27, 77–79.
go back to reference Wu, P., Robinson, C. C., Yang, C., Hart, C. H., Olsen, S. F., et al. (2002). Similarities and differences in mothers’ parenting of preschoolers in China and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 481–491. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025014300043​6. CrossRef Wu, P., Robinson, C. C., Yang, C., Hart, C. H., Olsen, S. F., et al. (2002). Similarities and differences in mothers’ parenting of preschoolers in China and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 481–491. doi: 10.​1080/​0165025014300043​6. CrossRef
go back to reference Yagmurlu, B., & Altan, O. (2010). Maternal socialization and child temperament as predictors of emotion regulation in Turkish preschoolers. Infant and Child Development, 19, 275–296. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​646. Yagmurlu, B., & Altan, O. (2010). Maternal socialization and child temperament as predictors of emotion regulation in Turkish preschoolers. Infant and Child Development, 19, 275–296. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​646.
go back to reference Zahn-Waxler, C., Friedman, R. J., Cole, P. M., Mizuta, I., & Hiruma, N. (1996). Japanese and United States preschool children’s responses to conflict and distress. Child Development, 67, 2462–2477. doi: 10.​2307/​1131634. PubMedCrossRef Zahn-Waxler, C., Friedman, R. J., Cole, P. M., Mizuta, I., & Hiruma, N. (1996). Japanese and United States preschool children’s responses to conflict and distress. Child Development, 67, 2462–2477. doi: 10.​2307/​1131634. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Child and Family Emotional Functioning: A Cross-National Examination of Families from China and the United States
Auteurs
Cynthia Suveg
James N. Raley
Diana Morelen
Wei Wang
Rachel Z. Han
Scott Campion
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 8/2014
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9800-8