Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2021

12-07-2021 | Original Paper

Characterizing Maternal Apology Attitudes and Behaviors

Auteurs: Alexis A. Adams-Clark, Angela H. Lee, Christina Gamache Martin, Arianna Zarosinski, Maureen Zalewski

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 10/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Parenting is a stressful and difficult endeavor, and even the most skillful parents are apt to make mistakes that warrant an apology to their child. However, little is known regarding parents’ overall willingness to apologize to their child or the content of parental apologies when provided. Informed by research on apology outside the parenting context, the current exploratory study aimed to characterize maternal apology attitudes and behavior. A sample of mothers (N = 186) was recruited from the community, and they self-reported their proclivity to apologize to their child, as well as their proclivity to apologize generally. Mothers were also asked to model a skillful parental apology through an open-ended text response to a vignette, and these responses were coded for the presence of effective apology components. Mothers reported a high proclivity to apologize to their child, and this was associated with their willingness to apologize generally. However, the majority of mothers’ written apologies included few of the elements recommended for effective apologies. Similar to other literature on apology, this finding suggests that although mothers may be willing to apologize when needed, knowing and implementing an effective apology is challenging.
Literatuur
go back to reference Cook, B. G., & Rumrill, Jr, P. D. (2005). Using and interpreting analogue designs. Work, 24(1), 93–97. PubMed Cook, B. G., & Rumrill, Jr, P. D. (2005). Using and interpreting analogue designs. Work, 24(1), 93–97. PubMed
go back to reference De Paúl, J., Asla, N., Perez-Albeniz, A., & De Cádiz, B. T. G. (2006). Impact of stress and mitigating information on evaluations, attributions, affect, disciplinary choices, and expectations of compliance in mothers at high and low risk for child physical abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 1018–1045. 10.1177/0886260506290411. CrossRef De Paúl, J., Asla, N., Perez-Albeniz, A., & De Cádiz, B. T. G. (2006). Impact of stress and mitigating information on evaluations, attributions, affect, disciplinary choices, and expectations of compliance in mothers at high and low risk for child physical abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 1018–1045. 10.1177/0886260506290411. CrossRef
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K. (1998). Parenting stress and child adjustment: Some old hypotheses and new questions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 314–332. 10/1111/j.1468-2850.1998.tb00152.x. Deater-Deckard, K. (1998). Parenting stress and child adjustment: Some old hypotheses and new questions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 314–332. 10/1111/j.1468-2850.1998.tb00152.x.
go back to reference Gottman, J. M., & DeClaire, J. (1997). The heart of parenting: How to raise an emotionally intelligent child. Simon & Schuste. Gottman, J. M., & DeClaire, J. (1997). The heart of parenting: How to raise an emotionally intelligent child. Simon & Schuste.
go back to reference Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage publications. Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage publications.
go back to reference Lazare, A. (2004). On apology. Oxford University Press. Lazare, A. (2004). On apology. Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Lerner, H. (2017). Why won’t you apologize? Healing big betrayals and everyday hurts. Simon and Schuster. Lerner, H. (2017). Why won’t you apologize? Healing big betrayals and everyday hurts. Simon and Schuster.
go back to reference Lewicki, R. J., & Polin, B. (2012). The art of the apology: The structure and effectiveness of apologies in trust repair. In R. Kramer & T. Pittinsky (Eds.), Restoring trust: Challenges and prospects (pp. 95–128). Oxford University Press. Lewicki, R. J., & Polin, B. (2012). The art of the apology: The structure and effectiveness of apologies in trust repair. In R. Kramer & T. Pittinsky (Eds.), Restoring trust: Challenges and prospects (pp. 95–128). Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Masten, A. S., & Shaffer, A. (2006). How families matter in child development: Reflections from research on risk and resilience. In A. Clarke-Stewart & J. Dunn (Eds.), The Jacobs Foundation series on adolescence. Families count: Effects on child and adolescent development (p. 5–25). Cambridge University Press. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​CBO9780511616259​.​002 Masten, A. S., & Shaffer, A. (2006). How families matter in child development: Reflections from research on risk and resilience. In A. Clarke-Stewart & J. Dunn (Eds.), The Jacobs Foundation series on adolescence. Families count: Effects on child and adolescent development (p. 5–25). Cambridge University Press. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​CBO9780511616259​.​002
go back to reference Siegel, D. J., & Hartzell, M. (2013). Parenting from the inside out: How a deeper self-understanding can help you raise children who thrive. Penguin. Siegel, D. J., & Hartzell, M. (2013). Parenting from the inside out: How a deeper self-understanding can help you raise children who thrive. Penguin.
go back to reference Sroufe, A. L. (2000). Early relationships and the development of children. Infant Mental Health Journal, 21(1-2), 67–74. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0355(200001/04)21:1/2<67::AID-IMHJ8>3.0.CO;2-2. CrossRef Sroufe, A. L. (2000). Early relationships and the development of children. Infant Mental Health Journal, 21(1-2), 67–74. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0355(200001/04)21:1/2<67::AID-IMHJ8>3.0.CO;2-2. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Characterizing Maternal Apology Attitudes and Behaviors
Auteurs
Alexis A. Adams-Clark
Angela H. Lee
Christina Gamache Martin
Arianna Zarosinski
Maureen Zalewski
Publicatiedatum
12-07-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 10/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02031-0