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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2017

23-02-2017

Characteristics of Repetitive Thought Associated with Borderline Personality Features: A Multimodal Investigation of Ruminative Content and Style

Auteurs: Jessica R. Peters, Tory A. Eisenlohr-Moul, Brian T. Upton, Nina A. Talavera, Jacob J. Folsom, Ruth A. Baer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2017

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Abstract

Increased ruminative style of thought has been well documented in borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, less is known about how the content of rumination relates to domains of BPD features. Relationships between forms of rumination and BPD features were examined in an undergraduate sample with a wide range of BPD features. Participants completed self-report measures of rumination and a free-writing task about their repetitive thought. Rumination on specific themes, including anger rumination, depressive brooding, rumination on interpersonal situations, anxious rumination, and stress-reactive rumination were significantly associated with most BPD features after controlling for general rumination. Coded writing samples suggested that BPD features are associated with repetitive thought that is negative in valence, difficult to control, prolonged, unhelpful, and unresolved. Although rumination is often described as a form of self-focused attention, BPD relationship difficulties were correlated with greater other-focus in the writing samples, which may reflect more interpersonal themes. Across both self-reports and the writing task, the BPD feature of self-destructive behavior was associated specifically with anger and hostility, suggesting this content may play a particularly important role in fueling impulsive behavior. These findings suggest that both the style and the content of repetitive thought may play a role in BPD features.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Characteristics of Repetitive Thought Associated with Borderline Personality Features: A Multimodal Investigation of Ruminative Content and Style
Auteurs
Jessica R. Peters
Tory A. Eisenlohr-Moul
Brian T. Upton
Nina A. Talavera
Jacob J. Folsom
Ruth A. Baer
Publicatiedatum
23-02-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2017
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-017-9594-x

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