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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2015

01-02-2015

Changing implicit attitudes toward smoking: results from a web-based approach-avoidance practice intervention

Auteurs: Jonathan T. Macy, Laurie Chassin, Clark C. Presson, Jeffrey W. Sherman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2015

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Abstract

Implicit attitudes have been shown to predict smoking behaviors. Therefore, an important goal is the development of interventions to change these attitudes. This study assessed the effects of a web-based intervention on implicit attitudes toward smoking and receptivity to smoking-related information. Smokers (N = 284) were recruited to a two-session web-based study. In the first session, baseline data were collected. Session two contained the intervention, which consisted of assignment to the experimental or control version of an approach-avoidance task and assignment to an anti-smoking or control public service announcement (PSA), and post-intervention measures. Among smokers with less education and with plans to quit, implicit attitudes were more negative for those who completed the approach-avoidance task. Smokers with more education who viewed the anti-smoking PSA and completed the approach-avoidance task spent more time reading smoking-related information. An approach-avoidance task is a potentially feasible strategy for changing implicit attitudes toward smoking and increasing receptivity to smoking-related information.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Changing implicit attitudes toward smoking: results from a web-based approach-avoidance practice intervention
Auteurs
Jonathan T. Macy
Laurie Chassin
Clark C. Presson
Jeffrey W. Sherman
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2015
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9585-2