Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2010

01-12-2010 | Original Paper

Changes in the Autism Behavioral Phenotype During the Transition to Adulthood

Auteurs: Julie Lounds Taylor, Marsha Mailick Seltzer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We examined whether exiting high school was associated with alterations in rates of change in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors. Participants were 242 youth with ASD who had recently exited the school system and were part of our larger longitudinal study; data were collected at five time points over nearly 10 years. Results indicated overall improvement of autism symptoms and internalized behaviors over the study period, but slowing rates of improvement after exit. Youth who did not have an intellectual disability evidenced the greatest slowing in improvement. Lower family income was associated with less improvement. Our findings suggest that adult day activities may not be as intellectually stimulating as educational activities in school, reflected by less phenotypic improvement after exit.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aman, M. G., Lam, K. S. L., & Collier-Crespin, A. (2003). Prevalence and patterns of use of psychoactive medicines among individuals with autism in the Autism Society of Ohio. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 527–534. CrossRefPubMed Aman, M. G., Lam, K. S. L., & Collier-Crespin, A. (2003). Prevalence and patterns of use of psychoactive medicines among individuals with autism in the Autism Society of Ohio. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 527–534. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Benson, P. R. (2006). The impact of child symptom severity on depressed mood among parents of children with ASD: The mediating role of stress proliferation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 685–695. CrossRefPubMed Benson, P. R. (2006). The impact of child symptom severity on depressed mood among parents of children with ASD: The mediating role of stress proliferation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 685–695. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Billstedt, E., Gillberg, I. C., & Gillberg, C. (2007). Autism in adults: Symptom patterns and early childhood predictors. Use of the DISCO in a community sample followed since childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1102–1110. CrossRefPubMed Billstedt, E., Gillberg, I. C., & Gillberg, C. (2007). Autism in adults: Symptom patterns and early childhood predictors. Use of the DISCO in a community sample followed since childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 1102–1110. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bouma, R., & Schweitzer, R. (1990). The impact of chronic childhood illness of family stress: A comparison between autism and cystic fibrosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46, 722–730. CrossRefPubMed Bouma, R., & Schweitzer, R. (1990). The impact of chronic childhood illness of family stress: A comparison between autism and cystic fibrosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46, 722–730. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bruininks, R. H., Woodcock, R. W., Weatherman, R. F., & Hill, B. K. (1996). Scales of independent behavior revised. Rolling Meadows, IL: Riverside Publishing. Bruininks, R. H., Woodcock, R. W., Weatherman, R. F., & Hill, B. K. (1996). Scales of independent behavior revised. Rolling Meadows, IL: Riverside Publishing.
go back to reference Bryk, A. S., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1987). Application of hierarchical linear models to assessing change. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 147–158. CrossRef Bryk, A. S., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1987). Application of hierarchical linear models to assessing change. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 147–158. CrossRef
go back to reference Bryson, S. E., & Smith, I. M. (1998). Epidemiology of autism: Prevalence, associated characteristics, and implications for research and service delivery. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 97–103. CrossRef Bryson, S. E., & Smith, I. M. (1998). Epidemiology of autism: Prevalence, associated characteristics, and implications for research and service delivery. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 4, 97–103. CrossRef
go back to reference Donovan, A. M. (1988). Family stress and ways of coping with adolescents who have handicaps: Maternal perceptions. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 92, 502–509. PubMed Donovan, A. M. (1988). Family stress and ways of coping with adolescents who have handicaps: Maternal perceptions. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 92, 502–509. PubMed
go back to reference Dumas, J. E., Wolf, L. C., Fisman, S. N., & Culligan, A. (1991). Parenting stress, child behavior problems, and dysphoria in parents of children with autism, Down syndrome, behavior disorders, and normal development. Exceptionality, 2, 97–110. CrossRef Dumas, J. E., Wolf, L. C., Fisman, S. N., & Culligan, A. (1991). Parenting stress, child behavior problems, and dysphoria in parents of children with autism, Down syndrome, behavior disorders, and normal development. Exceptionality, 2, 97–110. CrossRef
go back to reference Eaves, L. C., & Ho, H. H. (2008). Young adult outcomes of autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 739–747. CrossRefPubMed Eaves, L. C., & Ho, H. H. (2008). Young adult outcomes of autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 739–747. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Esbensen, A. J., Seltzer, M. M., & Krauss, M. W. (2008). Stability and change in health, functional abilities, and behavior problems among adults with and without Down syndrome. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 113, 263–277. CrossRefPubMed Esbensen, A. J., Seltzer, M. M., & Krauss, M. W. (2008). Stability and change in health, functional abilities, and behavior problems among adults with and without Down syndrome. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 113, 263–277. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fecteau, S., Mottron, L., Berthiaume, C., & Burack, J. A. (2003). Developmental changes of autistic symptoms. Autism, 7, 255–268. CrossRefPubMed Fecteau, S., Mottron, L., Berthiaume, C., & Burack, J. A. (2003). Developmental changes of autistic symptoms. Autism, 7, 255–268. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fombonne, E. (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: An update. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 365–382. CrossRefPubMed Fombonne, E. (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: An update. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 365–382. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Francis, D. J., Fletcher, J. M., Stuebing, K. K., Davidson, K. C., & Thompson, N. M. (1991). Analysis of change: Modeling individual growth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 27–37. CrossRefPubMed Francis, D. J., Fletcher, J. M., Stuebing, K. K., Davidson, K. C., & Thompson, N. M. (1991). Analysis of change: Modeling individual growth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 27–37. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Galambos, N. L., Barker, E. T., & Krahn, H. J. (2006). Depression, self-esteem, and anger in emerging adulthood: Seven-year trajectories. Developmental Psychology, 42, 350–365. CrossRefPubMed Galambos, N. L., Barker, E. T., & Krahn, H. J. (2006). Depression, self-esteem, and anger in emerging adulthood: Seven-year trajectories. Developmental Psychology, 42, 350–365. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gillberg, C., & Steffenburg, S. (1987). Outcome and prognostic factors in infantile autism and similar conditions: A population-based study of 46 cases followed through puberty. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 273–287. CrossRefPubMed Gillberg, C., & Steffenburg, S. (1987). Outcome and prognostic factors in infantile autism and similar conditions: A population-based study of 46 cases followed through puberty. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 273–287. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Glutting, J. J., Adams, W., & Sheslow, D. (2000). Wide range intelligence test. Wilmington, DE: Wide Range. Glutting, J. J., Adams, W., & Sheslow, D. (2000). Wide range intelligence test. Wilmington, DE: Wide Range.
go back to reference Gurney, J. G., Fritz, M. S., Ness, K. K., Sievers, P., Newschaffer, C. J., & Shapiro, E. G. (2003). Analysis of prevalence trends of autism spectrum disorder in Minnesota. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 622–627. CrossRefPubMed Gurney, J. G., Fritz, M. S., Ness, K. K., Sievers, P., Newschaffer, C. J., & Shapiro, E. G. (2003). Analysis of prevalence trends of autism spectrum disorder in Minnesota. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 622–627. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hastings, R. P. (2003). Child behaviour problems and partner mental health as correlates of stress in mothers and fathers of children with autism. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 231–237. CrossRefPubMed Hastings, R. P. (2003). Child behaviour problems and partner mental health as correlates of stress in mothers and fathers of children with autism. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 231–237. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hastings, R. P., & Brown, T. (2002). Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy, and mental health. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, 222–232. CrossRefPubMed Hastings, R. P., & Brown, T. (2002). Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy, and mental health. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, 222–232. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hill, A., Bolte, S., Petrova, G., Beltcheva, D., Tacheva, S., & Poustka, F. (2001). Stability and interpersonal agreement of the interview based diagnosis of autism. Psychopathology, 34, 187–191. CrossRefPubMed Hill, A., Bolte, S., Petrova, G., Beltcheva, D., Tacheva, S., & Poustka, F. (2001). Stability and interpersonal agreement of the interview based diagnosis of autism. Psychopathology, 34, 187–191. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hollander, E., Phillips, A. T., & Yeh, C. C. (2003). Targeted treatments for symptom domains in child and adolescent autism. Lancet, 362, 732–734. CrossRefPubMed Hollander, E., Phillips, A. T., & Yeh, C. C. (2003). Targeted treatments for symptom domains in child and adolescent autism. Lancet, 362, 732–734. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Holroyd, J., & McArthur, D. (1976). Mental retardation and stress on the parents: A contrast between Down’s syndrome and childhood autism. American Journal on Mental Deficiency, 80, 431–436. Holroyd, J., & McArthur, D. (1976). Mental retardation and stress on the parents: A contrast between Down’s syndrome and childhood autism. American Journal on Mental Deficiency, 80, 431–436.
go back to reference Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., pp. 201–220). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Howlin, P. (2005). Outcomes in autism spectrum disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., pp. 201–220). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Howlin, P., Alcock, J., & Burkin, C. (2005). An 8 year follow-up of a specialist supported employment service for high-ability adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Autism, 9, 533–549. CrossRefPubMed Howlin, P., Alcock, J., & Burkin, C. (2005). An 8 year follow-up of a specialist supported employment service for high-ability adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Autism, 9, 533–549. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Howlin, P., Goode, S., Hutton, J., & Rutter, M. (2004). Adult outcome for children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 212–229. CrossRefPubMed Howlin, P., Goode, S., Hutton, J., & Rutter, M. (2004). Adult outcome for children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 212–229. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Howlin, P., Mawhood, L., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder A follow-up comparison in early adult. II: Social, behavioural, and psychiatric outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 561–578. CrossRef Howlin, P., Mawhood, L., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder A follow-up comparison in early adult. II: Social, behavioural, and psychiatric outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 561–578. CrossRef
go back to reference Lecavalier, L. (2006). Behavioral and emotional problems in young people with pervasive developmental disorders: Relative prevalence, effects of subject characteristics, and empirical classification. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 1101–1114. CrossRefPubMed Lecavalier, L. (2006). Behavioral and emotional problems in young people with pervasive developmental disorders: Relative prevalence, effects of subject characteristics, and empirical classification. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 1101–1114. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lecavalier, L., Leone, S., & Wiltz, J. (2006). The impact of behaviour problems on caregiving stress in young people with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 172–183. CrossRefPubMed Lecavalier, L., Leone, S., & Wiltz, J. (2006). The impact of behaviour problems on caregiving stress in young people with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 172–183. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Liptak, G. S., Benzoni, L. B., Mruzek, D. W., Nolan, K. W., Thingvoll, M. A., Wade, C. M., et al. (2008). Disparities in diagnosis and access to health services for children with autism: Data from the national survey of children’s health. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 152–160. CrossRefPubMed Liptak, G. S., Benzoni, L. B., Mruzek, D. W., Nolan, K. W., Thingvoll, M. A., Wade, C. M., et al. (2008). Disparities in diagnosis and access to health services for children with autism: Data from the national survey of children’s health. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 152–160. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lord, C., & Bailey, A. (2002). Autism spectrum disorders. In M. Rutter & E. Taylor (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatry (pp. 664–681). Oxford: Blackwell Scientific. Lord, C., & Bailey, A. (2002). Autism spectrum disorders. In M. Rutter & E. Taylor (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatry (pp. 664–681). Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.
go back to reference Lord, C., Pickles, A., McLennan, J., Rutter, M., Bregman, J., Folstein, S., et al. (1997). Diagnosing autism: Analyses of data from the autism diagnostic interview. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 501–517. CrossRefPubMed Lord, C., Pickles, A., McLennan, J., Rutter, M., Bregman, J., Folstein, S., et al. (1997). Diagnosing autism: Analyses of data from the autism diagnostic interview. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 27, 501–517. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. CrossRefPubMed Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lounds, J., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., & Shattuck, P. T. (2007). Transition and change in adolescents and young adults with autism: Longitudinal effects on maternal well-being. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 112, 401–417. CrossRefPubMed Lounds, J., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., & Shattuck, P. T. (2007). Transition and change in adolescents and young adults with autism: Longitudinal effects on maternal well-being. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 112, 401–417. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Luckasson, R., Borthwick-Duffy, S., Buntinx, W. H. E., Coulter, D. L., Craig, E. M., Reeve, A., et al. (2002). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (10th ed.). Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation. Luckasson, R., Borthwick-Duffy, S., Buntinx, W. H. E., Coulter, D. L., Craig, E. M., Reeve, A., et al. (2002). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (10th ed.). Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.
go back to reference Marmot, M., Ryff, C. D., Bumpass, L. L., Shipley, M., & Marks, N. F. (1997). Social inequalities in health: Next questions and converging evidence. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 901–910. CrossRefPubMed Marmot, M., Ryff, C. D., Bumpass, L. L., Shipley, M., & Marks, N. F. (1997). Social inequalities in health: Next questions and converging evidence. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 901–910. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mawhood, L., Howlin, P., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder—a comparative follow-up in early adult life. I: Cognitive and language outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 547–559. CrossRef Mawhood, L., Howlin, P., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder—a comparative follow-up in early adult life. I: Cognitive and language outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 547–559. CrossRef
go back to reference McGovern, C. W., & Sigman, M. (2005). Continuity and change from early childhood to adolescence in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(4), 401–408. CrossRefPubMed McGovern, C. W., & Sigman, M. (2005). Continuity and change from early childhood to adolescence in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(4), 401–408. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Piven, J., Harper, J., Palmer, P., & Arndt, S. (1996). Course of behavioral change in autism: A retrospective study of high-IQ adolescents and adults. Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 523–529. CrossRef Piven, J., Harper, J., Palmer, P., & Arndt, S. (1996). Course of behavioral change in autism: A retrospective study of high-IQ adolescents and adults. Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 523–529. CrossRef
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Rodrigue, J. R., Morgan, S. B., & Geffken, G. R. (1990). Families of autistic children: Psychological functioning of mothers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 371–379. Rodrigue, J. R., Morgan, S. B., & Geffken, G. R. (1990). Families of autistic children: Psychological functioning of mothers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 371–379.
go back to reference Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H. (2008). Know thyself and become what you are: A eudaimonic approach to psychological well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9, 13–39. CrossRef Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. H. (2008). Know thyself and become what you are: A eudaimonic approach to psychological well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9, 13–39. CrossRef
go back to reference Seltzer, M. M., Krauss, M. W., Shattuck, P. T., Orsmond, G., Swe, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The symptoms of autism spectrum disorders in adolescence and adulthood. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 565–581. CrossRefPubMed Seltzer, M. M., Krauss, M. W., Shattuck, P. T., Orsmond, G., Swe, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The symptoms of autism spectrum disorders in adolescence and adulthood. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 565–581. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shattuck, P. T., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G. I., Kring, S., Bolt, D., et al. (2007). Changes in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors among adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1735–1747. CrossRefPubMed Shattuck, P. T., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J. S., Orsmond, G. I., Kring, S., Bolt, D., et al. (2007). Changes in autism symptoms and maladaptive behaviors among adolescents and adults with an autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1735–1747. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shea, S., Turgay, A., Carroll, A., Schulz, M., Orlik, H., Smith, I., et al. (2004). Risperidone in the treatment of disruptive behavioral symptoms in children with autistic and other pervasive developmental disorders. Pediatrics, 114, 634–641. CrossRef Shea, S., Turgay, A., Carroll, A., Schulz, M., Orlik, H., Smith, I., et al. (2004). Risperidone in the treatment of disruptive behavioral symptoms in children with autistic and other pervasive developmental disorders. Pediatrics, 114, 634–641. CrossRef
go back to reference Shea, V., & Mesibov, G. B. (2005). Adolescents and adults with autism. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., pp. 288–311). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Shea, V., & Mesibov, G. B. (2005). Adolescents and adults with autism. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., pp. 288–311). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Shepperdson, B. (1995). Two longitudinal studies of the abilities of people with Down’s syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 39, 419–431. CrossRefPubMed Shepperdson, B. (1995). Two longitudinal studies of the abilities of people with Down’s syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 39, 419–431. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: Modeling change and event occurrence. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: Modeling change and event occurrence. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Sparrow, S. S., Carter, A. S., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1993). Vineland screener: Overview, reliability, validity, administration, and scoring. New Haven: Yale University Child Study Center. Sparrow, S. S., Carter, A. S., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1993). Vineland screener: Overview, reliability, validity, administration, and scoring. New Haven: Yale University Child Study Center.
go back to reference Taylor, J. L. (2009). The transition out of high school and into adulthood for individuals with autism and for their families. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 38, 1–32. CrossRef Taylor, J. L. (2009). The transition out of high school and into adulthood for individuals with autism and for their families. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 38, 1–32. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, J. L., & Seltzer, M. M. (2010). The transition to adulthood for individuals with ASD and their families. In P. Howlin (Chair), What really matters: Measuring outcome and addressing the needs of adolescents and adults with ASD. Invited Educational Symposium conducted at the International Meetings for Autism Research, Philadelphia, PA. Taylor, J. L., & Seltzer, M. M. (2010). The transition to adulthood for individuals with ASD and their families. In P. Howlin (Chair), What really matters: Measuring outcome and addressing the needs of adolescents and adults with ASD. Invited Educational Symposium conducted at the International Meetings for Autism Research, Philadelphia, PA.
go back to reference Thomas, K. C., Ellis, A. R., McLaurin, C., Daniels, J., & Morrissey, J. P. (2007). Access to care for autism-related services. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1902–1912. CrossRefPubMed Thomas, K. C., Ellis, A. R., McLaurin, C., Daniels, J., & Morrissey, J. P. (2007). Access to care for autism-related services. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1902–1912. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tobing, L. E., & Glenwick, D. S. (2002). Relation of the childhood autism rating scale-parent version to diagnosis, stress, and age. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 23, 211–223. CrossRefPubMed Tobing, L. E., & Glenwick, D. S. (2002). Relation of the childhood autism rating scale-parent version to diagnosis, stress, and age. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 23, 211–223. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tomanik, S., Harris, G. E., & Hawkins, J. (2004). The relationship between behaviours exhibited by children with autism and maternal stress. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 29, 16–26. CrossRef Tomanik, S., Harris, G. E., & Hawkins, J. (2004). The relationship between behaviours exhibited by children with autism and maternal stress. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 29, 16–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Tonge, B. J., & Einfeld, S. (2003). Psychopathology and intellectual disability: The Australian child to adult longitudinal study. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 26, 61–91. CrossRef Tonge, B. J., & Einfeld, S. (2003). Psychopathology and intellectual disability: The Australian child to adult longitudinal study. International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, 26, 61–91. CrossRef
go back to reference Wheaton, B., & Gotlib, I. H. (1997). Trajectories and turning points over the life course: Concepts and themes. In I. H. Gotlib & B. Wheaton (Eds.), Stress and adversity over the life course: Trajectories and turning points (pp. 1–28). UK: Cambridge Press. CrossRef Wheaton, B., & Gotlib, I. H. (1997). Trajectories and turning points over the life course: Concepts and themes. In I. H. Gotlib & B. Wheaton (Eds.), Stress and adversity over the life course: Trajectories and turning points (pp. 1–28). UK: Cambridge Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Wolf, L. C., Noh, S., Fisman, S. N., & Speechley, M. (1989). Psychological effects of parenting stress on parents of autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 157–166. CrossRefPubMed Wolf, L. C., Noh, S., Fisman, S. N., & Speechley, M. (1989). Psychological effects of parenting stress on parents of autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 157–166. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Changes in the Autism Behavioral Phenotype During the Transition to Adulthood
Auteurs
Julie Lounds Taylor
Marsha Mailick Seltzer
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1005-z