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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2011

01-12-2011

Changes in spirituality partly explain health-related quality of life outcomes after Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction

Auteurs: Jeffrey M. Greeson, Daniel M. Webber, Moria J. Smoski, Jeffrey G. Brantley, Andrew G. Ekblad, Edward C. Suarez, Ruth Quillian Wolever

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 6/2011

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Abstract

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction is a secular behavioral medicine program that has roots in meditative spiritual practices. Thus, spirituality may partly explain Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction outcomes. Participants (N = 279; M (SD) age = 45(12); 75% women) completed an online survey before and after an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesis that, following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, the relationship between enhanced mindfulness and improved health-related quality of life is mediated by increased daily spiritual experiences. Changes in both spirituality and mindfulness were significantly related to improvement in mental health. Although the initial mediation hypothesis was not supported, an alternate model suggested that enhanced mindfulness partly mediated the association between increased daily spiritual experiences and improved mental health-related quality of life (indirect effect: β = 0.07, P = 0.017). Effects on physical health-related quality of life were not significant. Findings suggest a novel mechanism by which increased daily spiritual experiences following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction may partially explain improved mental health as a function of greater mindfulness.
Voetnoten
1
When comparing Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program cycles with the longer survey format (year 1) versus the shorter format (year 2), one-way ANOVA revealed no significant differences in the number of participants that enrolled in the study (F = 2.53, P = .16), completed the baseline survey (F = .47, P = .52), or completed the endpoint survey (F = .21, P = .67). Likewise the availability of study compensation was not associated with a significant difference in the number of enrolled participants (F = 5.43, P = .06), baseline survey completers (F = 5.45, P = .06), or endpoint completers (F = 2.81, P = .15). Pearson’s Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact Test indicated that demographic characteristics also remained consistent when study compensation was offered.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Changes in spirituality partly explain health-related quality of life outcomes after Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
Auteurs
Jeffrey M. Greeson
Daniel M. Webber
Moria J. Smoski
Jeffrey G. Brantley
Andrew G. Ekblad
Edward C. Suarez
Ruth Quillian Wolever
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-011-9332-x