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In the Lorraine area (France), dialysis centers propose an educational program to improve patient’s ability to perform dialysis by themselves. The objective was to assess changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during the first year of dialysis, comparing independent patients with patients on in-center dialysis.
All patients aged between 18 and 70 and having started their first dialysis between June 1997 and June 1999 in the Lorraine area were included. Socio-demographic, medical data and HRQoL (KDQoL) were assessed for each patient at enrollment, at 6 and 12 months.
At 12 months, 195 patients were in dialysis, 147 were non-autonomous, and 48 were autonomous. Independent patients were younger, were more often in occupational activity, had a lower body mass index and had fewer comorbidities. Several dimensions of the HRQoL were significantly higher in autonomous patients at baseline: physical functioning (60.4 vs. 50.7) and work status (30.9 vs. 18.4); and at 12 months: less burden of kidney disease (51.7 vs. 37.3), fewer effects of kidney disease (65.9 vs. 54.0), cognitive function (72.0 vs. 62.7) and role-emotional (53.0 vs. 34.5).
These results show improved HRQoL among independent patients. Our regional care network may be a particularly useful model for undertaking actions motivating the healthcare teams and for enhancing the human resources devoted to patient education.
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- Changes in health-related quality of life in patients of self-care vs. in-center dialysis during the first year
- Springer Netherlands