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01-08-2014 | Original Article | Uitgave 4/2014

Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2014

Changes in Explanatory Flexibility Among Individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder in an Emotion Evocation Challenge

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 4/2014
Auteurs:
David M. Fresco, Douglas S. Mennin, Michael T. Moore, Richard G. Heimberg, James Hambrick
Belangrijke opmerkingen
These results were previously presented at the 2000 annual meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy.

Abstract

Seventy-eight undergraduates, 39 with self-reported generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), completed measures of mood and explanatory flexibility (the capacity to assign causes to negative events with a balance of historical and contextual factors) prior to and directly after a musical priming challenge that consisted of listening to negatively-valenced emotional music and thinking about a personally relevant negative event. After the emotion evocation, participants also completed a measure of state emotion regulation. Despite comparable increases in negative affect, GAD analogues evidenced drops in explanatory flexibility whereas non-GAD Controls did not. Drops in explanatory flexibility among GAD analogues covaried significantly with lack of emotional clarity. Findings suggest that for individuals with GAD, emotionally evocative experiences may result in a constricted perspective when apprehending the causes for negative events. This perspective may serve to dampen arousal, but perhaps at the cost of failing to inform one’s actions with important emotional information.

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