Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2020

17-03-2020

Changes in College Student Endorsement of ADHD Symptoms across DSM Edition

Auteurs: Elizabeth K. Lefler, Anne E. Stevens, Anna M. Garner, Judah W. Serrano, Will H. Canu, Cynthia M. Hartung

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Changes were made in DSM-5 to address the criticism that ADHD symptoms in DSM-IV were not developmentally appropriate for adults. Specifically, parenthetical examples were added to symptoms, and the symptom threshold was lowered. ADHD diagnosis in college students in particular is a growing concern. It was hypothesized that changes to the ADHD symptoms across DSM editions would result in higher symptom endorsement rates in this group. To this end, 3877 college students rated their own ADHD symptoms using DSM-IV and DSM-5 symptom wording. College students with a past diagnosis of ADHD (n = 435) endorsed slightly more symptoms with the updated DSM-5 wording (an additional 0.41 ADHD symptoms). In addition, 5.2% more college students met the new, lowered DSM-5 symptom threshold as compared to the older DSM-IV threshold. Changes to DSM-5 Criterion A for ADHD increase symptom endorsement and the number of college students eligible for a diagnosis.
Voetnoten
1
When the full sample (N = 3877) was used to test this hypothesis, the results were non-significant.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (APA). (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington DC: Author.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington DC: Author. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington DC: Author. CrossRef
go back to reference Bakeman, R. (2005). Recommended effect size statistics for repeated measures designs. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 379–384. CrossRefPubMed Bakeman, R. (2005). Recommended effect size statistics for repeated measures designs. Behavior Research Methods, 37, 379–384. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barkley, R. A. (2015). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford. Barkley, R. A. (2015). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Barkley, R. A., Murphy, K. R., & Fischer, M. (2008). ADHD in adults: What the science says. New York, NY: Guilford. Barkley, R. A., Murphy, K. R., & Fischer, M. (2008). ADHD in adults: What the science says. New York, NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Burns, Walsh, & Gomez. (2003). Convergent and discriminant validity of trait and source effects in ADHD-inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity measures across a 3-month interval. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 529–541. CrossRefPubMed Burns, Walsh, & Gomez. (2003). Convergent and discriminant validity of trait and source effects in ADHD-inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity measures across a 3-month interval. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 529–541. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
go back to reference Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175–191. CrossRefPubMed Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A.-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 175–191. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hartung, C. M., Canu, W. H., Cleveland, C. S., Lefler, E. K., Mignogna, M. J., Fedele, D. A., Correia, C. J., Leffingwell, T. R., & Clapp, J. D. (2013). Stimulant medication use in college students: Comparison of appropriate users, misusers, and nonusers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 832–840. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0033822. CrossRefPubMed Hartung, C. M., Canu, W. H., Cleveland, C. S., Lefler, E. K., Mignogna, M. J., Fedele, D. A., Correia, C. J., Leffingwell, T. R., & Clapp, J. D. (2013). Stimulant medication use in college students: Comparison of appropriate users, misusers, and nonusers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 832–840. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0033822. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Meinzer, M. C., Lewinsohn, P. M., Pettit, J. W., Seeley, J. R., Gau, J., Chronis-Tuscano, A., & Waxmonsky, J. G. (2013). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescence predicts onset of major depressive disorder through early adulthood. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 543–553. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​da.​22082. CrossRef Meinzer, M. C., Lewinsohn, P. M., Pettit, J. W., Seeley, J. R., Gau, J., Chronis-Tuscano, A., & Waxmonsky, J. G. (2013). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescence predicts onset of major depressive disorder through early adulthood. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 543–553. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​da.​22082. CrossRef
go back to reference Ramsay, J. R. (2015). Psychological assessment of adults with ADHD. In R. A. Barkley (Ed.), ADHD: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment (4th ed., pp. 475–500). Guilford. Ramsay, J. R. (2015). Psychological assessment of adults with ADHD. In R. A. Barkley (Ed.), ADHD: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment (4th ed., pp. 475–500). Guilford.
Metagegevens
Titel
Changes in College Student Endorsement of ADHD Symptoms across DSM Edition
Auteurs
Elizabeth K. Lefler
Anne E. Stevens
Anna M. Garner
Judah W. Serrano
Will H. Canu
Cynthia M. Hartung
Publicatiedatum
17-03-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2020
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09797-5