Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 3/2020

17-08-2018 | Original Article

Change detection in complex auditory scenes is predicted by auditory memory, pitch perception, and years of musical training

Auteurs: Christina M. Vanden Bosch der Nederlanden, Che’Renee Zaragoza, Angie Rubio-Garcia, Evan Clarkson, Joel S. Snyder

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 3/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Our world is a sonically busy place and we use both acoustic information and experience-based knowledge to make sense of the sounds arriving at our ears. The knowledge we gain through experience has the potential to shape what sounds are prioritized in a complex scene. There are many examples of how visual expertise influences how we perceive objects in visual scenes, but few studies examine how auditory expertise is associated with attentional biases toward familiar real-world sounds in complex scenes. In the current study, we investigated whether musical expertise is associated with the ability to detect changes to real-world sounds in complex auditory scenes, and whether any such benefit is specific to musical instrument sounds. We also examined whether change detection is better for human-generated sounds in general or only communicative human sounds. We found that musicians had less change deafness overall. All listeners were better at detecting human communicative sounds compared to human non-communicative sounds, but this benefit was driven by speech sounds and sounds that were vocally generated. Musical listening skill, speech-in-noise, and executive function abilities were used to predict rates of change deafness. Auditory memory, musical training, fine-grained pitch processing, and an interaction between training and pitch processing accounted for 45.8% of the variance in change deafness. To better understand perceptual and cognitive expertise, it may be more important to measure various auditory skills and relate them to each other, as opposed to comparing experts to non-experts.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
It should be noted that because a change during a trial inherently involves two different sounds (i.e., dropping from scene 1 and replacing in scene 2, see Fig. 1), two different superordinate categories are involved in every “different” trial. All analyses were done separately when superordinate categories were grouped by the sound dropping out of scene 1 and when grouped by the sound replacing in scene 2 and results were the same. Given that participants have better memory for the changing sound from scene 2 than scene 1 and that encoding of the changing sound from scene 2 explains more variance in change detection performance than encoding the changing sound from scene 1 (Irsik, Vanden Bosch der Nederlanden, & Snyder, 2016), we decided to report results grouped by the replacing sound from scene 2. The superordinate category effect size for these data was larger for scene 2 (ηp2 = 0.300) than scene 1 (ηp2 = 0.137), consistent with our previous work.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Agres, K., & Krumhansl, C. L. (2008). Musical change deafness: The inability to detect change in a non-speech auditory domain. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Washington, DC. Agres, K., & Krumhansl, C. L. (2008). Musical change deafness: The inability to detect change in a non-speech auditory domain. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Washington, DC.
go back to reference Alain, C., & Arnott, S. R. (2000). Selectively attending to auditory objects. Frontiers in Bioscience, 5, D202–D212. CrossRef Alain, C., & Arnott, S. R. (2000). Selectively attending to auditory objects. Frontiers in Bioscience, 5, D202–D212. CrossRef
go back to reference Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis (Vol. 10). Cambridge: MIT press. CrossRef Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis (Vol. 10). Cambridge: MIT press. CrossRef
go back to reference Cousineau, D. (2005). Confidence intervals in within-subject designs: A simpler solution to Loftus and Masson’s method. Tutorials in quantitative methods for psychology, 1(1), 42–45. CrossRef Cousineau, D. (2005). Confidence intervals in within-subject designs: A simpler solution to Loftus and Masson’s method. Tutorials in quantitative methods for psychology, 1(1), 42–45. CrossRef
go back to reference Darlington, R. B. (1990). Regression and linear models. New York: McGraw-Hill. Darlington, R. B. (1990). Regression and linear models. New York: McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Demany, L., Trost, W., Serman, M., & Semal, C. (2008). Auditory change detection: Simple sounds are not memorized better than complex. Psychological Science, 19(1), 85–91. CrossRef Demany, L., Trost, W., Serman, M., & Semal, C. (2008). Auditory change detection: Simple sounds are not memorized better than complex. Psychological Science, 19(1), 85–91. CrossRef
go back to reference Eramudugolla, R., Irvine, D. R. F., McAnally, K. I., Martin, R. L., & Mattingley, J. B. (2005). Directed attention eliminates ‘change deafness’ in complex auditory scenes. Current Biology, 15, 1108–1113. CrossRef Eramudugolla, R., Irvine, D. R. F., McAnally, K. I., Martin, R. L., & Mattingley, J. B. (2005). Directed attention eliminates ‘change deafness’ in complex auditory scenes. Current Biology, 15, 1108–1113. CrossRef
go back to reference Gaser, C., & Schlaug, G. (2003a). Brain structures differ between musicians and non-musicians. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(27), 9240–9245. CrossRef Gaser, C., & Schlaug, G. (2003a). Brain structures differ between musicians and non-musicians. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(27), 9240–9245. CrossRef
go back to reference Gregg, M. K., Irsik, V. C., & Snyder, J. S. (2014). Change deafness and object encoding with recognizable and unrecognizable sounds. Neuropsychologia, 61, 19–30. CrossRef Gregg, M. K., Irsik, V. C., & Snyder, J. S. (2014). Change deafness and object encoding with recognizable and unrecognizable sounds. Neuropsychologia, 61, 19–30. CrossRef
go back to reference Gregg, M. K., Irsik, V. C., & Snyder, J. S. (2017). Effects of capacity limits, memory loss, and sound type in change deafness. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79(8), 1–12. CrossRef Gregg, M. K., Irsik, V. C., & Snyder, J. S. (2017). Effects of capacity limits, memory loss, and sound type in change deafness. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79(8), 1–12. CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2015). An index and test of linear moderated mediation. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 50, 1–22. CrossRef Hayes, A. F. (2015). An index and test of linear moderated mediation. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 50, 1–22. CrossRef
go back to reference Irsik, V. C., Vanden Bosch der Nederlanden, C. M., & Snyder, J. S. (2016). Broad attention to multiple individual objects may facilitate change detection with complex auditory scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(11), 1806–1817. PubMed Irsik, V. C., Vanden Bosch der Nederlanden, C. M., & Snyder, J. S. (2016). Broad attention to multiple individual objects may facilitate change detection with complex auditory scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(11), 1806–1817. PubMed
go back to reference Jones, B. T., Bruce, G., Livingstone, S., & Reed, E. (2006). Alcohol-related attentional bias in problem drinkers with the flicker change blindness paradigm. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 20(2), 171. CrossRef Jones, B. T., Bruce, G., Livingstone, S., & Reed, E. (2006). Alcohol-related attentional bias in problem drinkers with the flicker change blindness paradigm. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 20(2), 171. CrossRef
go back to reference Kikichi, Y., Senju, A., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2009). Faces do not capture special attention in children with autism spectrum disorder: A change blindness study. Child Development, 80(5), 1421–1433. CrossRef Kikichi, Y., Senju, A., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2009). Faces do not capture special attention in children with autism spectrum disorder: A change blindness study. Child Development, 80(5), 1421–1433. CrossRef
go back to reference LaPointe, M. R., Cullen, R., Baltaretu, B., Campos, M., Michalski, N., Sri Satgunarajah, S., … Shore, D. I. (2016). An attentional bias for LEGO ® people using a change detection task: Are LEGO ® people animate? Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 70(3), 219. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​cep0000077. CrossRefPubMed LaPointe, M. R., Cullen, R., Baltaretu, B., Campos, M., Michalski, N., Sri Satgunarajah, S., … Shore, D. I. (2016). An attentional bias for LEGO ® people using a change detection task: Are LEGO ® people animate? Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 70(3), 219. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​cep0000077. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Madsen, S. M. K., Whiteford, K. L., & Oxenham, A. J. (2017). Musicians do not benefit from differences in fundamental frequency when listening to speech in competing speech backgrounds. Scientific Reports, 7(12624), 1–9. Madsen, S. M. K., Whiteford, K. L., & Oxenham, A. J. (2017). Musicians do not benefit from differences in fundamental frequency when listening to speech in competing speech backgrounds. Scientific Reports, 7(12624), 1–9.
go back to reference Marie, C., Fujioka, T., Herrington, L., & Trainor, L. J. (2012). The high-voice superiority effect in polyphonic music is influenced by experience: A comparison of musicians who play soprano-range compared with bass-range instruments. Psychomusicology, Music, Mind and Brain, 22(2), 97. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0030858. CrossRef Marie, C., Fujioka, T., Herrington, L., & Trainor, L. J. (2012). The high-voice superiority effect in polyphonic music is influenced by experience: A comparison of musicians who play soprano-range compared with bass-range instruments. Psychomusicology, Music, Mind and Brain, 22(2), 97. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0030858. CrossRef
go back to reference Neuhoff, J. G., & Bochtler, K. S. (2018). Change deafness, dual-task performance, and domain-specific expertise. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(5), 1100–1111. CrossRef Neuhoff, J. G., & Bochtler, K. S. (2018). Change deafness, dual-task performance, and domain-specific expertise. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(5), 1100–1111. CrossRef
go back to reference Neuhoff, J. G., Schott, S. A., Kropf, A. J., & Neuhoff, E. M. (2014). Familiarity, expertise, and change detection: Change deafness is worse in your native language. Perception, 43, 219–222. CrossRef Neuhoff, J. G., Schott, S. A., Kropf, A. J., & Neuhoff, E. M. (2014). Familiarity, expertise, and change detection: Change deafness is worse in your native language. Perception, 43, 219–222. CrossRef
go back to reference Pantev, C., Roberts, L. E., Schulz, M., Engelien, A., & Ross, B. (2001). Timbre-specific enhancement of auditory cortical representations in musicians. NeuroReport, 12(1), 169–174. CrossRef Pantev, C., Roberts, L. E., Schulz, M., Engelien, A., & Ross, B. (2001). Timbre-specific enhancement of auditory cortical representations in musicians. NeuroReport, 12(1), 169–174. CrossRef
go back to reference Pasinski, A. C., Hannon, E. E., & Snyder, J. S. (2016). How musical are music video game players? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(5), 1553–1558. CrossRef Pasinski, A. C., Hannon, E. E., & Snyder, J. S. (2016). How musical are music video game players? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(5), 1553–1558. CrossRef
go back to reference Shahin, A., Roberts, L. E., & Trainor, L. J. (2004). Enhancement of auditory cortical development by musical experience in children. NeuroReport, 15(12), 1917–1921. CrossRef Shahin, A., Roberts, L. E., & Trainor, L. J. (2004). Enhancement of auditory cortical development by musical experience in children. NeuroReport, 15(12), 1917–1921. CrossRef
go back to reference Simons, D. J. (2000). Current approaches to Change Blindness. Visual Cognition, 7(1–3), 1–15. CrossRef Simons, D. J. (2000). Current approaches to Change Blindness. Visual Cognition, 7(1–3), 1–15. CrossRef
go back to reference Snyder, J. S., & Elhilali, M. (2017). Recent advances in exploring the neural underpinnings of auditory scene perception. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1396(1), 39–55. CrossRef Snyder, J. S., & Elhilali, M. (2017). Recent advances in exploring the neural underpinnings of auditory scene perception. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1396(1), 39–55. CrossRef
go back to reference Swaminathan, S., & Schellenberg, E. G. (2018). Musical competence is predicted by music training, cognitive abilities, and personality. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9223. CrossRef Swaminathan, S., & Schellenberg, E. G. (2018). Musical competence is predicted by music training, cognitive abilities, and personality. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9223. CrossRef
go back to reference Swaminathan, S., Schellenberg, E.G., & Venkatesan, K. (2018). Explaining the association between music training and reading in adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(6), 992–999. PubMed Swaminathan, S., Schellenberg, E.G., & Venkatesan, K. (2018). Explaining the association between music training and reading in adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(6), 992–999. PubMed
go back to reference Whisman, M. A., & McClelland, G. H. (2005). Designing, testing, and interpreting interactions and moderator effects in family research. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(1), 111–120. CrossRef Whisman, M. A., & McClelland, G. H. (2005). Designing, testing, and interpreting interactions and moderator effects in family research. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(1), 111–120. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Change detection in complex auditory scenes is predicted by auditory memory, pitch perception, and years of musical training
Auteurs
Christina M. Vanden Bosch der Nederlanden
Che’Renee Zaragoza
Angie Rubio-Garcia
Evan Clarkson
Joel S. Snyder
Publicatiedatum
17-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 3/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1072-x