Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2013

01-11-2013 | Original Paper

Challenging Stereotypes: Sexual Functioning of Single Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: E. Sandra Byers, Shana Nichols, Susan D. Voyer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2013

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study examined the sexual functioning of single adults (61 men, 68 women) with high functioning autism and Asperger syndrome living in the community with and without prior relationship experience. Participants completed an on-line questionnaire assessing autism symptoms, psychological functioning, and various aspects of sexual functioning. In general participants reported positive sexual functioning. Participants without prior relationship experience were significantly younger and more likely to be male and identify as heterosexual. They reported significantly higher sexual anxiety, lower sexual arousability, lower dyadic desire, and fewer positive sexual cognitions. The men reported better sexual function than did the women in a number of areas. These results counter negative societal perceptions about the sexuality of high functioning individuals on the autism spectrum.
Literatuur
go back to reference Addis, M. E., & Mahalik, J. R. (2003). Men, masculinity, and the contexts of help seeking. American Psychologist, 58(1), 5–14. PubMedCrossRef Addis, M. E., & Mahalik, J. R. (2003). Men, masculinity, and the contexts of help seeking. American Psychologist, 58(1), 5–14. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Text revised ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Text revised ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. CrossRef Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. CrossRef
go back to reference Aylott, J. (2000). Autism in adulthood: The concepts of identity and difference. British Journal of Nursing, 9, 851–858. PubMed Aylott, J. (2000). Autism in adulthood: The concepts of identity and difference. British Journal of Nursing, 9, 851–858. PubMed
go back to reference Barnhill, G. P. (2007). Outcomes in adults with Asperger syndrome. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 22, 116–126. CrossRef Barnhill, G. P. (2007). Outcomes in adults with Asperger syndrome. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 22, 116–126. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Is there a gender difference in strength of sex drive? Theoretical views, conceptual distinctions, and a review of relevant evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 242–273. CrossRef Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Is there a gender difference in strength of sex drive? Theoretical views, conceptual distinctions, and a review of relevant evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 242–273. CrossRef
go back to reference Bauminger, N., Solomon, S., Aviezer, A., Heung, K., Gazit, L., Brown, J., et al. (2008). Children with autism and their friends: A multidimensional study of friendship in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 135–150. PubMedCrossRef Bauminger, N., Solomon, S., Aviezer, A., Heung, K., Gazit, L., Brown, J., et al. (2008). Children with autism and their friends: A multidimensional study of friendship in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 135–150. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Byers, E. S. (1996). How well does the traditional sexual script explain sexual coercion? Review of a program of research. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 8, 7–25. CrossRef Byers, E. S. (1996). How well does the traditional sexual script explain sexual coercion? Review of a program of research. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 8, 7–25. CrossRef
go back to reference Byers, E. S., Nichols, S., Voyer, S. D., & Reilly, G. (2012). Sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum who have been in a romantic relationship. Autism. doi: 10.​1177/​1362361311431950​. Byers, E. S., Nichols, S., Voyer, S. D., & Reilly, G. (2012). Sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum who have been in a romantic relationship. Autism. doi: 10.​1177/​1362361311431950​.
go back to reference Caruso, S. M., Baum, R. B., Hopkins, D., Lauer, M., Russell, S., Meranto, E., et al. (1997). The development of a regional association to address the sexuality needs of individuals with disabilities. Sexuality and Disability, 15, 285–291. CrossRef Caruso, S. M., Baum, R. B., Hopkins, D., Lauer, M., Russell, S., Meranto, E., et al. (1997). The development of a regional association to address the sexuality needs of individuals with disabilities. Sexuality and Disability, 15, 285–291. CrossRef
go back to reference Christopher, F. S., & Sprecher, S. (2000). Sexuality in marriage, dating, and other relationships: A decade review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 999–1017. CrossRef Christopher, F. S., & Sprecher, S. (2000). Sexuality in marriage, dating, and other relationships: A decade review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 999–1017. CrossRef
go back to reference Crawford, M., & Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. The Journal of Sex Research, 40, 12–26. CrossRef Crawford, M., & Popp, D. (2003). Sexual double standards: A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. The Journal of Sex Research, 40, 12–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Engström, I., Ekström, L., & Emilsson, B. (2003). Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism, 7, 99–110. PubMed Engström, I., Ekström, L., & Emilsson, B. (2003). Psychosocial functioning in a group of Swedish adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism, 7, 99–110. PubMed
go back to reference Fombonne, E. (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: An update. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 365–382. PubMedCrossRef Fombonne, E. (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: An update. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33, 365–382. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gilmour, L., Schalomon, M., & Smith, V. (2012). Sexuality in a community based sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 313–318. CrossRef Gilmour, L., Schalomon, M., & Smith, V. (2012). Sexuality in a community based sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 313–318. CrossRef
go back to reference Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D. (2007). Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 260–269. PubMedCrossRef Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D. (2007). Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 260–269. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hénault, I. (2005). Sexual relationships. In L. A. Welkowitz (Ed.), Asperger’s syndrome: Intervening in schools, clinics, and communities (pp. 243–255). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hénault, I. (2005). Sexual relationships. In L. A. Welkowitz (Ed.), Asperger’s syndrome: Intervening in schools, clinics, and communities (pp. 243–255). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Hénault, I., & Attwood, T. (2005). The sexual profile of adults with Asperger’s syndrome: The need for understanding, support, and sex education. In I. Henault (Ed.), Asperger’s syndrome and sexuality: From adolescence through adulthood (pp. 183–192). London: Jessica Kingsley. Hénault, I., & Attwood, T. (2005). The sexual profile of adults with Asperger’s syndrome: The need for understanding, support, and sex education. In I. Henault (Ed.), Asperger’s syndrome and sexuality: From adolescence through adulthood (pp. 183–192). London: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Hoon, E. F., & Chambless, D. (2011). Sexual arousability inventory and sexual arousability inventory—expanded. In T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (3rd ed., pp. 55–58). New York: Routledge. Hoon, E. F., & Chambless, D. (2011). Sexual arousability inventory and sexual arousability inventory—expanded. In T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (3rd ed., pp. 55–58). New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Hoon, E. F., Hoon, P. W., & Wincze, J. P. (1976). An inventory for the measurement of female sexual arousability: The SAI. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 5, 291–300. CrossRef Hoon, E. F., Hoon, P. W., & Wincze, J. P. (1976). An inventory for the measurement of female sexual arousability: The SAI. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 5, 291–300. CrossRef
go back to reference Howlin, P., Mawhood, L., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder—a follow-up comparison in early adult life. II: Social, behavioural, and psychiatric outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 561–578. PubMedCrossRef Howlin, P., Mawhood, L., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder—a follow-up comparison in early adult life. II: Social, behavioural, and psychiatric outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 561–578. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Koller, R. A. (2000). Sexuality and adolescents with autism. Sexuality and Disability, 18(2), 125–135. CrossRef Koller, R. A. (2000). Sexuality and adolescents with autism. Sexuality and Disability, 18(2), 125–135. CrossRef
go back to reference Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Lawrance, K., & Byers, E. S. (1995). Sexual satisfaction in long-term heterosexual relationship: The interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 2, 267–285. CrossRef Lawrance, K., & Byers, E. S. (1995). Sexual satisfaction in long-term heterosexual relationship: The interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 2, 267–285. CrossRef
go back to reference Lawrance, K., Taylor, D., & Byers, E. S. (1996). Differences in men’s and women’s global, sexual, and ideal-sexual expressiveness and instrumentality. Sex Roles, 34, 337–357. CrossRef Lawrance, K., Taylor, D., & Byers, E. S. (1996). Differences in men’s and women’s global, sexual, and ideal-sexual expressiveness and instrumentality. Sex Roles, 34, 337–357. CrossRef
go back to reference MacNeil, S., & Byers, E. S. (2005). Dyadic assessment of sexual self-disclosure and sexual satisfaction in heterosexual dating couples. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 169–181. CrossRef MacNeil, S., & Byers, E. S. (2005). Dyadic assessment of sexual self-disclosure and sexual satisfaction in heterosexual dating couples. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 169–181. CrossRef
go back to reference Mandy, W., Chilvers, R., Chowdhury, U., Salter, G., Seigal, A., & Skuse, D. (2012). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 1304–1313. PubMedCrossRef Mandy, W., Chilvers, R., Chowdhury, U., Salter, G., Seigal, A., & Skuse, D. (2012). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 1304–1313. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mehzabin, P., & Stokes, M. A. (2011). Self-assessed sexuality in young adults with high functioning autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 614–621. CrossRef Mehzabin, P., & Stokes, M. A. (2011). Self-assessed sexuality in young adults with high functioning autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 614–621. CrossRef
go back to reference Mosher, W. D., Chandra, A., & Jones, J. (2005). Sexual behavior and selected health measures: Men and women 15–44 years of age, United States, 2002. Advance Data, 362. Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Mosher, W. D., Chandra, A., & Jones, J. (2005). Sexual behavior and selected health measures: Men and women 15–44 years of age, United States, 2002. Advance Data, 362. Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
go back to reference Nichols, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2010). “I’m not sure we’re ready for this…”: Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Social Work in Mental Health, 8, 72–91. CrossRef Nichols, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2010). “I’m not sure we’re ready for this…”: Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Social Work in Mental Health, 8, 72–91. CrossRef
go back to reference Nicolosi, A., Laumann, E., Glasser, D., Moreira, E., Paik, A., & Gingell, C. (2004). Sexual behavior and sexual dysfunctions after age 40: The global study of sexual attitudes and behaviors. Urology, 64, 991–997. PubMedCrossRef Nicolosi, A., Laumann, E., Glasser, D., Moreira, E., Paik, A., & Gingell, C. (2004). Sexual behavior and sexual dysfunctions after age 40: The global study of sexual attitudes and behaviors. Urology, 64, 991–997. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Orsmond, G. I., Krauss, M. W., & Seltzer, M. M. (2004). Peer relationships and social and recreational activities among adolescents and adults with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 245–256. PubMedCrossRef Orsmond, G. I., Krauss, M. W., & Seltzer, M. M. (2004). Peer relationships and social and recreational activities among adolescents and adults with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 245–256. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Petersen, J. L., & Hyde, J. S. (2010). A meta-analytic review of research on gender differences in sexuality, 1993–2007. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 21–38. PubMedCrossRef Petersen, J. L., & Hyde, J. S. (2010). A meta-analytic review of research on gender differences in sexuality, 1993–2007. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 21–38. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Rao, P. A., Beidel, D. C., & Murray, M. J. (2008). Social skills interventions for children with Asperger’s syndrome or high-functioning Autism: A review and recommendations. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 353–361. PubMedCrossRef Rao, P. A., Beidel, D. C., & Murray, M. J. (2008). Social skills interventions for children with Asperger’s syndrome or high-functioning Autism: A review and recommendations. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 353–361. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (1999). Exploring the frequency, diversity and content of university students’ positive and negative sexual cognitions. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 8, 17–30. Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (1999). Exploring the frequency, diversity and content of university students’ positive and negative sexual cognitions. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 8, 17–30.
go back to reference Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (2001). Positive and negative sexual cognitions: Subjective experience and relationships to sexual adjustment. Journal of Sex Research, 38, 252–262. CrossRef Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (2001). Positive and negative sexual cognitions: Subjective experience and relationships to sexual adjustment. Journal of Sex Research, 38, 252–262. CrossRef
go back to reference Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (2011). Sexual cognitions checklist. In T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (3rd ed., pp. 110–114). New York: Routledge. Renaud, C. A., & Byers, E. S. (2011). Sexual cognitions checklist. In T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (3rd ed., pp. 110–114). New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Renty, J., & Roeyers, H. (2007). Individual and marital adaptation in men with autism spectrum disorder and their spouses: The role of social support and coping strategies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), 1247–1255. PubMedCrossRef Renty, J., & Roeyers, H. (2007). Individual and marital adaptation in men with autism spectrum disorder and their spouses: The role of social support and coping strategies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), 1247–1255. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sanchez, D., & Kiefer, A. (2007). Body concerns in and out of the bedroom: Implications for sexual pleasure and problems. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 808–820. PubMedCrossRef Sanchez, D., & Kiefer, A. (2007). Body concerns in and out of the bedroom: Implications for sexual pleasure and problems. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 808–820. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Santor, D. A., Poulin, C., LeBlanc, J. C., & Kusumakar, V. (2007). Online health promotion, early identification of difficulties, and help seeking in young people. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 50–59. PubMedCrossRef Santor, D. A., Poulin, C., LeBlanc, J. C., & Kusumakar, V. (2007). Online health promotion, early identification of difficulties, and help seeking in young people. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 50–59. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sax, L. J., Gilmartin, S. K., & Bryant, A. N. (2003). Assessing response rates and nonresponse bias in web and paper surveys. Research in Higher Education, 44, 409–432. CrossRef Sax, L. J., Gilmartin, S. K., & Bryant, A. N. (2003). Assessing response rates and nonresponse bias in web and paper surveys. Research in Higher Education, 44, 409–432. CrossRef
go back to reference Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., & Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10, 234–247. PubMedCrossRef Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L., & Greenberg, J. S. (2004). Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10, 234–247. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. (2010). Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States position statement: Sexuality of persons with disabilities. Retrieved January 27, 2010 from http://​www.​siecus.​org. Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. (2010). Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States position statement: Sexuality of persons with disabilities. Retrieved January 27, 2010 from http://​www.​siecus.​org.
go back to reference Shaughnessy, S., Byers, E. S., & Walsh, L. (2011). Accounting for gender differences in heterosexual students’ online sexual activity experience. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 419–427. PubMedCrossRef Shaughnessy, S., Byers, E. S., & Walsh, L. (2011). Accounting for gender differences in heterosexual students’ online sexual activity experience. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 419–427. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spector, I. P., Carey, M. P., & Steinberg, L. (1998). Sexual desire inventory. In C. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 174–176). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Spector, I. P., Carey, M. P., & Steinberg, L. (1998). Sexual desire inventory. In C. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, & S. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 174–176). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Stokes, M. A., & Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning autism and sexuality: A parental perspective. Autism, 9, 266–289. PubMedCrossRef Stokes, M. A., & Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning autism and sexuality: A parental perspective. Autism, 9, 266–289. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Strassberg, D. S., & Lowe, K. (1995). Volunteer bias in sexuality research. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 369–382. PubMedCrossRef Strassberg, D. S., & Lowe, K. (1995). Volunteer bias in sexuality research. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 369–382. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tarnai, B., & Wolfe, P. S. (2008). Social stories for sexuality education for persons with autism/pervasive developmental disorder. Sexuality and Disability, 26, 29–36. CrossRef Tarnai, B., & Wolfe, P. S. (2008). Social stories for sexuality education for persons with autism/pervasive developmental disorder. Sexuality and Disability, 26, 29–36. CrossRef
go back to reference Taylor, J. F., Rosen, R. C., & Leiblum, S. R. (1994). Self-report assessment of female sexual function: Psychometric evaluation of the brief index of sexual functioning for women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 627–643. PubMedCrossRef Taylor, J. F., Rosen, R. C., & Leiblum, S. R. (1994). Self-report assessment of female sexual function: Psychometric evaluation of the brief index of sexual functioning for women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 627–643. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tjepkema, M. (2008). Health care use among gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians. Health Reports, 19, 53–64. Statistics Canada catalogue no. 82–003. Tjepkema, M. (2008). Health care use among gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians. Health Reports, 19, 53–64. Statistics Canada catalogue no. 82–003.
go back to reference Weiser, E. B. (2000). Gender differences in Internet use patterns and Internet application preferences: A two-sample comparison. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 3, 167–178. CrossRef Weiser, E. B. (2000). Gender differences in Internet use patterns and Internet application preferences: A two-sample comparison. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 3, 167–178. CrossRef
go back to reference Wiederman, M. W., Weis, D. L., & Allgeier, E. R. (1994). The effect of question preface on response rates to a telephone survey of sexual experience. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 203–215. PubMedCrossRef Wiederman, M. W., Weis, D. L., & Allgeier, E. R. (1994). The effect of question preface on response rates to a telephone survey of sexual experience. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 203–215. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Woodbury-Smith, M., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 331–335. PubMedCrossRef Woodbury-Smith, M., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 331–335. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Challenging Stereotypes: Sexual Functioning of Single Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
E. Sandra Byers
Shana Nichols
Susan D. Voyer
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1813-z