Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2018

11-10-2017 | S.I. : Parenting Children with ASD

Challenges of Females with Autism: A Parental Perspective

Auteurs: Marilena Mademtzi, Pavita Singh, Fred Shic, Kathy Koenig

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Most studies investigating the experiences and needs of individuals with ASD have largely focused on males. Hence, this study investigates parents’ perspectives on the challenges that their daughters with ASD face. In total, 40 parents of 40 females with autism (age range = 4–29 years; mean = 15.9) participated in the study. Five separate, 2-h long focus groups were conducted, with 7–10 participants in each group. Field notes were analyzed using thematic analysis. Some of the issues parents discussed were similar to those experienced by males with ASD, such as challenges in social interactions. However, other issues discussed were of particular relevance to girls with ASD, including difficulties socializing with other girls, sex-specific puberty issues, barriers in accessing intervention and sexual vulnerability.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5 ®). Arlington: American Psychiatric Pub. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5 ®). Arlington: American Psychiatric Pub. CrossRef
go back to reference Aronson, J. (1995). A pragmatic view of thematic analysis. The Qualitative Report, 2(1), 1–3. Aronson, J. (1995). A pragmatic view of thematic analysis. The Qualitative Report, 2(1), 1–3.
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Lombardo, M. V., Auyeung, B., Ashwin, E., Chakrabarti, B., & Knickmeyer, R. (2011). Why are autism spectrum conditions more prevalent in males? PLoS Biology, 9(6), e1001081. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Baron-Cohen, S., Lombardo, M. V., Auyeung, B., Ashwin, E., Chakrabarti, B., & Knickmeyer, R. (2011). Why are autism spectrum conditions more prevalent in males? PLoS Biology, 9(6), e1001081. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Bauminger, N., Finzi-Dottan, R., Chason, S., & Har-Even, D. (2008). Intimacy in adolescent friendship: The roles of attachment, coherence, and self-disclosure. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25(3), 409–428. CrossRef Bauminger, N., Finzi-Dottan, R., Chason, S., & Har-Even, D. (2008). Intimacy in adolescent friendship: The roles of attachment, coherence, and self-disclosure. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25(3), 409–428. CrossRef
go back to reference Begeer, S., Mandell, D., Wijnker-Holmes, B., Venderbosch, S., Rem, D., Stekelenburg, F., & Koot, H. M. (2013). Sex differences in the timing of identification among children and adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 43(5), 1151–1156. CrossRefPubMed Begeer, S., Mandell, D., Wijnker-Holmes, B., Venderbosch, S., Rem, D., Stekelenburg, F., & Koot, H. M. (2013). Sex differences in the timing of identification among children and adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 43(5), 1151–1156. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bellini, S. (2004). Social skill deficits and anxiety in high-functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 19(2), 78–86. CrossRef Bellini, S. (2004). Social skill deficits and anxiety in high-functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 19(2), 78–86. CrossRef
go back to reference Bernard, H. R., Wutich, A., & Ryan, G. W. (2016). Analyzing qualitative data: Systematic approaches. Thousand Oaks: SAGE. Bernard, H. R., Wutich, A., & Ryan, G. W. (2016). Analyzing qualitative data: Systematic approaches. Thousand Oaks: SAGE.
go back to reference Bishop, S. L., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., & Sanders, S. J. (2016). Attention finally being paid to girls at risk of Autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 159. CrossRefPubMed Bishop, S. L., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., & Sanders, S. J. (2016). Attention finally being paid to girls at risk of Autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(3), 159. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bolick, T. (2001). Asperger syndrome and adolescence: Helping preteens and teens get ready for the real world. Beverly: Fair Winds Press. Bolick, T. (2001). Asperger syndrome and adolescence: Helping preteens and teens get ready for the real world. Beverly: Fair Winds Press.
go back to reference Bölte, S., Duketis, E., Poustka, F., & Holtmann, M. (2011). Sex differences in cognitive domains and their clinical correlates in higher-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 15(4), 497–511. CrossRef Bölte, S., Duketis, E., Poustka, F., & Holtmann, M. (2011). Sex differences in cognitive domains and their clinical correlates in higher-functioning autism spectrum disorders. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 15(4), 497–511. CrossRef
go back to reference Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. CrossRef Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. CrossRef
go back to reference Brewin, B. J., Renwick, R., & Fudge Schormans, A. (2008). Parental perspectives of the quality of life in school environments for children with Asperger syndrome. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 23(4), 242–252. CrossRef Brewin, B. J., Renwick, R., & Fudge Schormans, A. (2008). Parental perspectives of the quality of life in school environments for children with Asperger syndrome. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 23(4), 242–252. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown-Lavoie, S. M., Viecili, M. A., & Weiss, J. A. (2014). Sexual knowledge and victimization in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 44(9), 2185–2196. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Brown-Lavoie, S. M., Viecili, M. A., & Weiss, J. A. (2014). Sexual knowledge and victimization in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 44(9), 2185–2196. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Byers, E. S., Nichols, S., Voyer, S. D., & Reilly, G. (2013). Sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum who have been in a romantic relationship. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 17(4), 418–433. CrossRef Byers, E. S., Nichols, S., Voyer, S. D., & Reilly, G. (2013). Sexual well-being of a community sample of high-functioning adults on the autism spectrum who have been in a romantic relationship. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 17(4), 418–433. CrossRef
go back to reference Campbell, J. L., Quincy, C., Osserman, J., & Pedersen, O. K. (2013). Coding in-depth semistructured interviews: Problems of unitization and intercoder reliability and agreement. Sociological Methods & Research, 42(3), 294–320. CrossRef Campbell, J. L., Quincy, C., Osserman, J., & Pedersen, O. K. (2013). Coding in-depth semistructured interviews: Problems of unitization and intercoder reliability and agreement. Sociological Methods & Research, 42(3), 294–320. CrossRef
go back to reference CDC. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children aged 8 years: autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 63(2), 1–22. CDC. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children aged 8 years: autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 63(2), 1–22.
go back to reference Chan, J., & John, R. M. (2012). Sexuality and sexual health in children and adolescents with autism. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 8(4), 306–315. CrossRef Chan, J., & John, R. M. (2012). Sexuality and sexual health in children and adolescents with autism. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 8(4), 306–315. CrossRef
go back to reference Cridland, E. K., Jones, S. C., Caputi, P., & Magee, C. A. (2014). Being a girl in a boys’ world: Investigating the experiences of girls with autism spectrum disorders during adolescence. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 44(6), 1261–1274. CrossRefPubMed Cridland, E. K., Jones, S. C., Caputi, P., & Magee, C. A. (2014). Being a girl in a boys’ world: Investigating the experiences of girls with autism spectrum disorders during adolescence. Journal of Autism And Developmental Disorders, 44(6), 1261–1274. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Davidovitch, M., Hemo, B., Manning-Courtney, P., & Fombonne, E. (2013). Prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorder in an Israeli population. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(4), 785–793. CrossRefPubMed Davidovitch, M., Hemo, B., Manning-Courtney, P., & Fombonne, E. (2013). Prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorder in an Israeli population. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(4), 785–793. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Dean, M., Harwood, R., & Kasari, C. (2016). The art of camouflage: Gender differences in the social behaviors of girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, p. 1362361316671845. Dean, M., Harwood, R., & Kasari, C. (2016). The art of camouflage: Gender differences in the social behaviors of girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, p. 1362361316671845.
go back to reference Dworzynski, K., Ronald, A., Bolton, P., & Happé, F. (2012). How different are girls and boys above and below the diagnostic threshold for autism spectrum disorders? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(8), 788–797. CrossRef Dworzynski, K., Ronald, A., Bolton, P., & Happé, F. (2012). How different are girls and boys above and below the diagnostic threshold for autism spectrum disorders? Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(8), 788–797. CrossRef
go back to reference Edwards, C., & Titchen, A. (2003). Research into patients’ perspectives: Relevance and usefulness of phenomenological sociology. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(5), 450–460. CrossRefPubMed Edwards, C., & Titchen, A. (2003). Research into patients’ perspectives: Relevance and usefulness of phenomenological sociology. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(5), 450–460. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Elsabbagh, M., Divan, G., Koh, Y. J., Kim, Y. S., Kauchali, S., Marcín, C., … & Yasamy, M. T. (2012). Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. Autism Research, 5(3), 160–179. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Elsabbagh, M., Divan, G., Koh, Y. J., Kim, Y. S., Kauchali, S., Marcín, C., … & Yasamy, M. T. (2012). Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. Autism Research, 5(3), 160–179. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Fontana, A., & Frey, J. H. (2003). The interviews: From structured questions to negotiated texts. IN N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.) Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Fontana, A., & Frey, J. H. (2003). The interviews: From structured questions to negotiated texts. IN N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.) Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Giarelli, E., Wiggins, L. D., Rice, C. E., Levy, S. E., Kirby, R. S., Pinto-Martin, J., & Mandell, D. (2010). Sex differences in the evaluation and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders among children. Disability and Health Journal, 3(2), 107–116. CrossRefPubMed Giarelli, E., Wiggins, L. D., Rice, C. E., Levy, S. E., Kirby, R. S., Pinto-Martin, J., & Mandell, D. (2010). Sex differences in the evaluation and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders among children. Disability and Health Journal, 3(2), 107–116. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gotham, K., Brunwasser, S. M., & Lord, C. (2015). Depressive and anxiety symptom trajectories from school age through young adulthood in samples with autism spectrum disorder and developmental delay. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(5), 369–376. CrossRef Gotham, K., Brunwasser, S. M., & Lord, C. (2015). Depressive and anxiety symptom trajectories from school age through young adulthood in samples with autism spectrum disorder and developmental delay. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(5), 369–376. CrossRef
go back to reference Harrop, C., Shire, S., Gulsrud, A., Chang, Y. C., Ishijima, E., Lawton, K., & Kasari, C. (2015). Does gender influence core deficits in ASD? An investigation into social-communication and play of girls and boys with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(3), 766–777. CrossRefPubMed Harrop, C., Shire, S., Gulsrud, A., Chang, Y. C., Ishijima, E., Lawton, K., & Kasari, C. (2015). Does gender influence core deficits in ASD? An investigation into social-communication and play of girls and boys with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(3), 766–777. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D. (2007). Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 260–269. CrossRefPubMed Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D. (2007). Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 260–269. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hendricks, D. R., & Wehman, P. (2009). Transition from school to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Review and recommendations. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 24(2), 77–88. CrossRef Hendricks, D. R., & Wehman, P. (2009). Transition from school to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Review and recommendations. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 24(2), 77–88. CrossRef
go back to reference Hiller, R. M., Young, R. L., & Weber, N. (2014). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder based on DSM-5 criteria: Evidence from clinician and teacher reporting. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(8), 1381–1393. CrossRefPubMed Hiller, R. M., Young, R. L., & Weber, N. (2014). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder based on DSM-5 criteria: Evidence from clinician and teacher reporting. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(8), 1381–1393. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hofvander, B., Delorme, R., Chaste, P., Nydén, A., Wentz, E., Ståhlberg, O., … & Råstam, M. (2009). Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders. BMC Psychiatry, 9(1), 35. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hofvander, B., Delorme, R., Chaste, P., Nydén, A., Wentz, E., Ståhlberg, O., … & Råstam, M. (2009). Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders. BMC Psychiatry, 9(1), 35. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Jamison, T. R., & Schuttler, J. O. (2017). Overview and preliminary evidence for a social skills and self-care curriculum for adolescent females with autism: The girls night out model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(1), 110–125. CrossRefPubMed Jamison, T. R., & Schuttler, J. O. (2017). Overview and preliminary evidence for a social skills and self-care curriculum for adolescent females with autism: The girls night out model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(1), 110–125. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kirkovski, M., Enticott, P. G., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2013). A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(11), 2584–2603. CrossRefPubMed Kirkovski, M., Enticott, P. G., & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2013). A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(11), 2584–2603. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Koenig, K., & Tsatsanis, K. D. (2005). Pervasive developmental disorders in girls. In Handbook of behavioral and emotional problems in girls (pp. 211–237). NewYork: Springer. CrossRef Koenig, K., & Tsatsanis, K. D. (2005). Pervasive developmental disorders in girls. In Handbook of behavioral and emotional problems in girls (pp. 211–237). NewYork: Springer. CrossRef
go back to reference Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2000). Focus groups. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. CrossRef Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2000). Focus groups. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. CrossRef
go back to reference Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., Auyeung, B., Chakrabarti, B., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2015). Sex/gender differences and autism: Setting the scene for future research. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(1), 11–24. CrossRef Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., Auyeung, B., Chakrabarti, B., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2015). Sex/gender differences and autism: Setting the scene for future research. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(1), 11–24. CrossRef
go back to reference Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., Ruigrok, A. N., Chakrabarti, B., Auyeung, B., Szatmari, P., … & Baron-Cohen, S. (2016). Quantifying and exploring camouflaging in men and women with autism. Autism, p. 1362361316671012. Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., Ruigrok, A. N., Chakrabarti, B., Auyeung, B., Szatmari, P., … & Baron-Cohen, S. (2016). Quantifying and exploring camouflaging in men and women with autism. Autism, p. 1362361316671012.
go back to reference Mandell, D. S., Walrath, C. M., Manteuffel, B., Sgro, G., & Pinto-Martin, J. A. (2005). The prevalence and correlates of abuse among children with autism served in comprehensive community-based mental health settings. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(12), 1359–1372. CrossRef Mandell, D. S., Walrath, C. M., Manteuffel, B., Sgro, G., & Pinto-Martin, J. A. (2005). The prevalence and correlates of abuse among children with autism served in comprehensive community-based mental health settings. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(12), 1359–1372. CrossRef
go back to reference Mandy, W., Chilvers, R., Chowdhury, U., Salter, G., Seigal, A., & Skuse, D. (2012). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(7), 1304–1313. CrossRefPubMed Mandy, W., Chilvers, R., Chowdhury, U., Salter, G., Seigal, A., & Skuse, D. (2012). Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: Evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(7), 1304–1313. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nichols, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2009). “I’m not sure we’re ready for this…”: Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Social Work in Mental Health, 8(1), 72–91. CrossRef Nichols, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2009). “I’m not sure we’re ready for this…”: Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Social Work in Mental Health, 8(1), 72–91. CrossRef
go back to reference Nichols, S., Moravcik, G. M., & Tetenbaum, S. P. (2009). Girls growing up on the autism spectrum: What parents and professionals should know about the pre-teen and teenage years. London: Jessica Kingsley. Nichols, S., Moravcik, G. M., & Tetenbaum, S. P. (2009). Girls growing up on the autism spectrum: What parents and professionals should know about the pre-teen and teenage years. London: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Pugliese, C. E., Anthony, L. G., Strang, J. F., Dudley, K., Wallace, G. L., Naiman, D. Q., & Kenworthy, L. (2016). Longitudinal examination of adaptive behavior in autism spectrum disorders: Influence of executive function. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(2), 467–477. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Pugliese, C. E., Anthony, L. G., Strang, J. F., Dudley, K., Wallace, G. L., Naiman, D. Q., & Kenworthy, L. (2016). Longitudinal examination of adaptive behavior in autism spectrum disorders: Influence of executive function. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(2), 467–477. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Rivet, T. T., & Matson, J. L. (2011). Review of gender differences in core symptomatology in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(3), 957–976. CrossRef Rivet, T. T., & Matson, J. L. (2011). Review of gender differences in core symptomatology in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(3), 957–976. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryle, R. (2011). Questioning gender: A sociological exploration. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press. Ryle, R. (2011). Questioning gender: A sociological exploration. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
go back to reference Solomon, M., Miller, M., Taylor, S. L., Hinshaw, S. P., & Carter, C. S. (2012). Autism symptoms and internalizing psychopathology in girls and boys with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(1), 48–59. CrossRefPubMed Solomon, M., Miller, M., Taylor, S. L., Hinshaw, S. P., & Carter, C. S. (2012). Autism symptoms and internalizing psychopathology in girls and boys with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(1), 48–59. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Stokes, M. A., & Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning autism and sexuality a parental perspective. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 9(3), 266–289. CrossRef Stokes, M. A., & Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning autism and sexuality a parental perspective. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 9(3), 266–289. CrossRef
go back to reference Van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J., van Eeten, E., Groen, W. B., Van Deurzen, P. A., Oosterling, I. J., & Van der Gaag, R. J. (2014). Gender and age differences in the core triad of impairments in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(3), 627–635. CrossRefPubMed Van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J., van Eeten, E., Groen, W. B., Van Deurzen, P. A., Oosterling, I. J., & Van der Gaag, R. J. (2014). Gender and age differences in the core triad of impairments in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(3), 627–635. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Volkmar, F. R., Szatmari, P., & Sparrow, S. S. (1993). Sex differences in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23(4), 579–591. CrossRefPubMed Volkmar, F. R., Szatmari, P., & Sparrow, S. S. (1993). Sex differences in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23(4), 579–591. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Challenges of Females with Autism: A Parental Perspective
Auteurs
Marilena Mademtzi
Pavita Singh
Fred Shic
Kathy Koenig
Publicatiedatum
11-10-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3341-8