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01-01-2013 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2013

Netherlands Heart Journal 1/2013

Cardiopulmonary exercise test predicts sustained ventricular arrhythmias in chronic heart failure

Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 1/2013
M. Correale, T. Passero, A. Totaro, C. A. Greco, F. De Rosa, M. Concilio, S. Abbruzzese, G. Acanfora, R. Ieva, M. Di Biase, N. D. Brunetti



The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) is an affordable tool for risk prediction in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We aimed to determine the role of CPX parameters in predicting the risk of incidence of sustained ventricular arrhythmias (SVA) in CHF.


Sixty-one consecutive patients with CHF enrolled in the Daunia Heart Failure Registry underwent CPX and were followed for 327 ± 247 days. Clinical follow-up was performed every month and anticipated in case of re-hospitalisation for cardiac disease. Incidence of SVA was evaluated by direct clinical examination (ECG, ambulatory ECG).


Patients with episodes of SVA (N 14) showed lower values of pVO2 and PetCO2, and higher values of VE/VCO2, VE/VCO2 slope, and VE%. After correction for age, gender, diabetes, ischaemic heart disease and left ventricular ejection fraction, peak VO2 (hazard ratio (HR) 0.68, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.51–0.91, p < 0.05), VE% (HR 1.38, 95 % CI 1.04–1.84, p < 0.05), VE/VCO2 (HR 1.38, 95 % CI 1.04–1.82, p < 0.05), VE/VCO2 slope (HR 1.77, 95 % CI 1.31–2.39, p < 0.01), PetCO2 (HR 0.66, 95 % CI 0.50–0.88, p < 0.01) were found as predictors of SVA. At Kaplan-Meier analysis, lower event-free rates were found in subjects with peak VO2 values below median (log rank p < 0.05), values of VE/VCO2 above mean (p < 0.05), higher VE/VCO2 slope tertiles (p <0.05), and values of PetCO2 below median (p < 0.05).


CPX provides prognostic independent information for risk of SVA in subjects with CHF.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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