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This is a follow-up to an earlier study: Cox SM, Cox DJ, Kofler MJ, Moncrief MA, Johnson RJ, Lambert AE, Cain S and Reeve RE. Driving simulator performance in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: The role of executive functions and basic motor skills. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 46(4), 1379–1391. doi 10.1007/s10803-015-2677-1.
Investigate how novice drivers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ from experienced drivers and whether virtual reality driving simulation training (VRDST) improves ASD driving performance. 51 novice ASD drivers (mean age 17.96 years, 78% male) were randomized to routine training (RT) or one of three types of VRDST (8–12 sessions). All participants followed DMV behind-the-wheel training guidelines for earning a driver’s license. Participants were assessed pre- and post-training for driving-specific executive function (EF) abilities and tactical driving skills. ASD drivers showed worse baseline EF and driving skills than experienced drivers. At post-assessment, VRDST significantly improved driving and EF performance over RT. This study demonstrated feasibility and potential efficacy of VRDST for novice ASD drivers.
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- Can Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Use Virtual Reality Driving Simulation Training to Evaluate and Improve Driving Performance? An Exploratory Study
Daniel J. Cox
- Springer US