Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2016

04-09-2015 | REVIEW

Can Compassion Meditation Contribute to the Development of Psychotherapists’ Empathy? A Review

Auteurs: Marc Bibeau, Frederick Dionne, Jeannette Leblanc

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Over the last three decades, a growing number of scientists and clinicians have been investigating the utility of meditative practices as attention and emotion regulation strategies. Many studies have provided evidence that mindfulness meditation can have positive effects on psychotherapists’ capacity to offer presence, acceptance and empathy to their clients. More recently, loving-kindness meditation and compassion meditation have become the focus of scientific scrutiny as it has been thought that they could have even more impact on psychotherapists’ empathy than mindfulness meditation. This article reviews the scientific literature on loving-kindness and compassion meditation regarding particularly the potential impact of these meditative practices on the development of psychotherapists’ empathy. Studies in neuroscience have shown that loving-kindness and compassion meditation actually change the brain in areas associated with positive emotions and empathy. Loving-kindness and compassion meditation training studies have shown positive impacts on a number of empathy-related variables such as altruism, positive regard, prosocial behavior, interpersonal relationships, as well as affective empathy and empathic accuracy. Moreover, loving-kindness and compassion meditation actually reduce negative affects associated to empathy for pain, thus reducing the risk of psychotherapists’ burnout and enhancing their self-care. It is concluded that loving-kindness and compassion meditation would constitute an important and useful addition to every counselling or psychotherapy training curriculum.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aiken, G. A. (2006). The potential effect of mindfulness meditation on cultivation of empathy in psychotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, San Francisco. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3217528. Aiken, G. A. (2006). The potential effect of mindfulness meditation on cultivation of empathy in psychotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, San Francisco. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3217528.
go back to reference Baer, R. A., Lykins, E. L. B., & Peters, J. R. (2012). Mindfulness and self-compassion as predictors of psychological wellbeing in long-term meditators and matched non-meditators. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 7(3), 230–238. CrossRef Baer, R. A., Lykins, E. L. B., & Peters, J. R. (2012). Mindfulness and self-compassion as predictors of psychological wellbeing in long-term meditators and matched non-meditators. The Journal of Positive Psychology: Dedicated to furthering research and promoting good practice, 7(3), 230–238. CrossRef
go back to reference Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive–behavior therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive–behavior therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Bien, T. (2006). Mindful therapy: a guide for therapists and helping professionals. Boston: Wisdom Publications. Bien, T. (2006). Mindful therapy: a guide for therapists and helping professionals. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
go back to reference Bien, T. (2008). The four immeasurable minds: Preparing to be present in psychotherapy. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 37–54). New York: Guilford Press. Bien, T. (2008). The four immeasurable minds: Preparing to be present in psychotherapy. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 37–54). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241.
go back to reference Block-Lerner, J., Adair, C., Plumb, J. C., Rhatigan, D. L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2007). The case for mindfulness-based approaches in the cultivation of empathy: does nonjudgmental, present-moment awareness increase capacity for perspective-taking and empathic concern? Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33, 501–516. CrossRefPubMed Block-Lerner, J., Adair, C., Plumb, J. C., Rhatigan, D. L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2007). The case for mindfulness-based approaches in the cultivation of empathy: does nonjudgmental, present-moment awareness increase capacity for perspective-taking and empathic concern? Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33, 501–516. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2012). The role of mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation in cultivating self-compassion and other-focused concern in health care professionals. Mindfulness. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0158-6. Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2012). The role of mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation in cultivating self-compassion and other-focused concern in health care professionals. Mindfulness. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0158-6.
go back to reference Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2013). Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: the experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(4), 267–277. CrossRef Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2013). Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: the experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(4), 267–277. CrossRef
go back to reference Bohart, A. C., Elliott, R., Greenberg, L. S., & Watson, J. C. (2002). Empathy. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 89–108). New York: Oxford University Press. Bohart, A. C., Elliott, R., Greenberg, L. S., & Watson, J. C. (2002). Empathy. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 89–108). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Brach, T. (2003). Radical acceptance: Embracing your life with the hearth of a Buddha. New York: Bantam Dell. Brach, T. (2003). Radical acceptance: Embracing your life with the hearth of a Buddha. New York: Bantam Dell.
go back to reference Bruce, N. G., Manber, R., Shapiro, S. L., & Constantino, M. J. (2010). Psychotherapist mindfulness and the psychotherapy process. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(1), 83–97. CrossRef Bruce, N. G., Manber, R., Shapiro, S. L., & Constantino, M. J. (2010). Psychotherapist mindfulness and the psychotherapy process. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(1), 83–97. CrossRef
go back to reference Buser, T. J., Buser, J. K., Peterson, C. H., & Seraydarian, D. G. (2012). Influence of mindfulness practice on counseling skills development. Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision, 4(1), 21–36. CrossRef Buser, T. J., Buser, J. K., Peterson, C. H., & Seraydarian, D. G. (2012). Influence of mindfulness practice on counseling skills development. Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision, 4(1), 21–36. CrossRef
go back to reference Campbell, J. C., & Christopher, J. C. (2012). Teaching mindfulness to create effective counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34(3), 213–226. CrossRef Campbell, J. C., & Christopher, J. C. (2012). Teaching mindfulness to create effective counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34(3), 213–226. CrossRef
go back to reference Christopher, J. C., Chrisman, J. A., Trotter-Mathison, M. J., Schure, M. B., Dahlen, P., & Christopher, S. E. (2011). Perceptions of the long-term influence of mindfulness training on counselors and psychotherapists: a qualitative inquiry. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 51(3), 318–349. CrossRef Christopher, J. C., Chrisman, J. A., Trotter-Mathison, M. J., Schure, M. B., Dahlen, P., & Christopher, S. E. (2011). Perceptions of the long-term influence of mindfulness training on counselors and psychotherapists: a qualitative inquiry. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 51(3), 318–349. CrossRef
go back to reference Corcoran, C. C. (2007). A grounded theory exploration of lovingkindness meditation: Practioner experience, report of effects and clinical relevance. Doctoral dissertation, Wright Institute Graduate School of Psychology, Berkeley. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3268621. Corcoran, C. C. (2007). A grounded theory exploration of lovingkindness meditation: Practioner experience, report of effects and clinical relevance. Doctoral dissertation, Wright Institute Graduate School of Psychology, Berkeley. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3268621.
go back to reference Couthino, J. F., Silva, P. O., & Decety, J. (2014). Neurosciences, empathy, and interpersonal relationships: recent findings and implications for counselling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61(4), 541–548. CrossRef Couthino, J. F., Silva, P. O., & Decety, J. (2014). Neurosciences, empathy, and interpersonal relationships: recent findings and implications for counselling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61(4), 541–548. CrossRef
go back to reference Cozolino, L. (2006). The neuroscience of human relationships: Attachment and the developing social brain. New York: W. W. Norton and Company. Cozolino, L. (2006). The neuroscience of human relationships: Attachment and the developing social brain. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.
go back to reference Cozolino, L. (2010). The neuroscience of psychotherapy: Healing the social brain. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. Cozolino, L. (2010). The neuroscience of psychotherapy: Healing the social brain. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
go back to reference Davidson, R. J. (2012). The neurobiology of compassion. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 111–118). New York: The Guilford Press. Davidson, R. J. (2012). The neurobiology of compassion. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 111–118). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference de Vignemont, F., & Singer, T. (2006). The empathic brain: how, when and why? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 435–441. CrossRefPubMed de Vignemont, F., & Singer, T. (2006). The empathic brain: how, when and why? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 435–441. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2006). A social-neuroscience perspective on empathy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 54–58. CrossRef Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2006). A social-neuroscience perspective on empathy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 54–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Decety, J., & Meyer, M. (2008). From emotion resonance to empathic understanding: a social developmental neuroscience account. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 1053–1080. CrossRefPubMed Decety, J., & Meyer, M. (2008). From emotion resonance to empathic understanding: a social developmental neuroscience account. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 1053–1080. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 4(1), 43–49. CrossRef Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 4(1), 43–49. CrossRef
go back to reference Fauth, J., Gates, S., Vinca, M. A., Boles, S., & Hayes, J. A. (2007). Big ideas for psychotherapy training. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(4), 384–391. CrossRef Fauth, J., Gates, S., Vinca, M. A., Boles, S., & Hayes, J. A. (2007). Big ideas for psychotherapy training. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(4), 384–391. CrossRef
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L. (2012). Building lives of compassion and wisdom. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 48–58). New York: Guilford Press. Fredrickson, B. L. (2012). Building lives of compassion and wisdom. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 48–58). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fulton, P. R. (2005). Mindfulness as clinical training. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 55–72). New York: Guilford Press. Fulton, P. R. (2005). Mindfulness as clinical training. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 55–72). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fulton, C. L. (2012). Mindful awareness and compassion, and empathy and anxiety in counsellor trainees. Doctoral dissertation, The University of North Carolina, Greensboro. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3525758. Fulton, C. L. (2012). Mindful awareness and compassion, and empathy and anxiety in counsellor trainees. Doctoral dissertation, The University of North Carolina, Greensboro. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3525758.
go back to reference Germer, C. K. (2005). Mindfulness: What is it? What does it matter? In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 3–27). New York: Guilford Press. Germer, C. K. (2005). Mindfulness: What is it? What does it matter? In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 3–27). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Germer, C. K. (2009). The mindful path to self-compassion: Freeing yourself from destructive thoughts and emotions. New York: Guilford Press. Germer, C. K. (2009). The mindful path to self-compassion: Freeing yourself from destructive thoughts and emotions. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Germer, C. K. (2012). Cultivating compassion in psychotherapy. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 93–110). New York: Guilford Press. Germer, C. K. (2012). Cultivating compassion in psychotherapy. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 93–110). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2005). Introduction and outline. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 1–5). New York: Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2005). Introduction and outline. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 1–5). New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2009). The compassionate mind: A new approach to life’s challenges. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications. Gilbert, P. (2009). The compassionate mind: A new approach to life’s challenges. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2012). Depression: Suffering in the flow of life. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 249–264). New York: Guilford Press. Gilbert, P. (2012). Depression: Suffering in the flow of life. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 249–264). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Grepmair, L., Mitterlehner, F., Loew, T., & Nickel, M. (2007). Promotion of mindfulness in psychotherapists in training: Preliminary study. European Psychiatry, 22, 485–489. CrossRefPubMed Grepmair, L., Mitterlehner, F., Loew, T., & Nickel, M. (2007). Promotion of mindfulness in psychotherapists in training: Preliminary study. European Psychiatry, 22, 485–489. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hick, S. F. (2008). Cultivating therapeutic relationships: The role of mindfulness. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 161–175). New York: Guilford Press. Hick, S. F. (2008). Cultivating therapeutic relationships: The role of mindfulness. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 161–175). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hofmann, S. G., Grosman, P., & Hinton, D. E. (2011). Loving-kindness and compassion meditation: potential for psychological interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1126–1132. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Hofmann, S. G., Grosman, P., & Hinton, D. E. (2011). Loving-kindness and compassion meditation: potential for psychological interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1126–1132. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hutcherson, C. A., Seppala, E. M., & Gross, J. J. (2008). Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness. Emotion, 8, 720–724. CrossRefPubMed Hutcherson, C. A., Seppala, E. M., & Gross, J. J. (2008). Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness. Emotion, 8, 720–724. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. Fifteenth anniversary. New York: Random House. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. Fifteenth anniversary. New York: Random House.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2009). Foreword. In F. Didonna (Ed.), Clinical handbook of mindfulness. New York: Springer. pp. xxv-xxxiii. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2009). Foreword. In F. Didonna (Ed.), Clinical handbook of mindfulness. New York: Springer. pp. xxv-xxxiii.
go back to reference Klimecki, O. M., Ricard, M., & Singer, T. (2013b). Empathy versus compassion—lessons from 1st and 3rd Person methods. In T. Singer & M. Bolz (Eds.), Compassion: Bridging practice and science. Munich: (E-Book) Max Plank Society. Retrieved from: www.​compassion-training.​org. Klimecki, O. M., Ricard, M., & Singer, T. (2013b). Empathy versus compassion—lessons from 1st and 3rd Person methods. In T. Singer & M. Bolz (Eds.), Compassion: Bridging practice and science. Munich: (E-Book) Max Plank Society. Retrieved from: www.​compassion-training.​org.
go back to reference Lambert, M. J., & Barley, D. E. (2002). Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 17–32). New York: Oxford University Press. Lambert, M. J., & Barley, D. E. (2002). Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 17–32). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Lambert, M. J., & Simon, W. (2008). The therapeutic relationship: Central and essential in psychotherapy outcome. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 19–33). New York: Guilford Press. Lambert, M. J., & Simon, W. (2008). The therapeutic relationship: Central and essential in psychotherapy outcome. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 19–33). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2008a). Affective regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12, 163–169. CrossRef Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2008a). Affective regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12, 163–169. CrossRef
go back to reference Lutz, A., Brefczynski-Lewis, J., Johnstone, T., & Davidson, R. J. (2008b). Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: effects of meditative expertise. PLoS ONE, 3(3), e1897. doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0001897. Lutz, A., Brefczynski-Lewis, J., Johnstone, T., & Davidson, R. J. (2008b). Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: effects of meditative expertise. PLoS ONE, 3(3), e1897. doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0001897.
go back to reference Mascaro, J. S., Rilling, J. K., Tenzin Negi, L., & Raison, C. L. (2013a). Pre-existing brain function predicts subsequent practice of mindfulness and compassion meditation. NeuroImage, 69, 35–42. CrossRefPubMed Mascaro, J. S., Rilling, J. K., Tenzin Negi, L., & Raison, C. L. (2013a). Pre-existing brain function predicts subsequent practice of mindfulness and compassion meditation. NeuroImage, 69, 35–42. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mascaro, J. S., Rilling, J. K., Tenzin Negi, L., & Raison, C. L. (2013b). Compassion meditation enhances empathic accuracy and related neural activity. SCAN, 8, 48–55. PubMedCentralPubMed Mascaro, J. S., Rilling, J. K., Tenzin Negi, L., & Raison, C. L. (2013b). Compassion meditation enhances empathic accuracy and related neural activity. SCAN, 8, 48–55. PubMedCentralPubMed
go back to reference McCollum, E. E., & Gehart, D. R. (2010). Using mindfulness meditation to teach beginning therapists therapeutic presence: a qualitative study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 36(3), 347–360. PubMed McCollum, E. E., & Gehart, D. R. (2010). Using mindfulness meditation to teach beginning therapists therapeutic presence: a qualitative study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 36(3), 347–360. PubMed
go back to reference Morgan, W. D., & Morgan, S. T. (2005). Cultivating attention and empathy. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 73–90). New York: Guilford Press. Morgan, W. D., & Morgan, S. T. (2005). Cultivating attention and empathy. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 73–90). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2009). Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York: Guilford Press. Neff, K. D. (2009). Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2011). Self-compassion: Stop beating yourself up and leave insecurity behind. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. Neff, K. D. (2011). Self-compassion: Stop beating yourself up and leave insecurity behind. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2012). The science of self-compassion. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 79–92). New York: Guilford Press. Neff, K. D. (2012). The science of self-compassion. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 79–92). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Norcross, J. C. (2002). Empirically supported therapy relationships. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 3–16). New York: Oxford University Press. Norcross, J. C. (2002). Empirically supported therapy relationships. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work (pp. 3–16). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Padilla, A. (2010). Mindfulness in therapeutic presence: How mindfulness of therapists impacts treatment outcome. Doctoral dissertation, The New School for Social Research, New York. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database. UMI number 3413183. Padilla, A. (2010). Mindfulness in therapeutic presence: How mindfulness of therapists impacts treatment outcome. Doctoral dissertation, The New School for Social Research, New York. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database. UMI number 3413183.
go back to reference Patsiopoulos, A. T., & Buchanan, M. J. (2011). The practice of self-compassion in counselling: a narrative inquiry. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(4), 301–307. CrossRef Patsiopoulos, A. T., & Buchanan, M. J. (2011). The practice of self-compassion in counselling: a narrative inquiry. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(4), 301–307. CrossRef
go back to reference Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Raab, K. (2014). Mindfulness, self-compassion, and empathy among health care professionals: a review of the literature. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 20(3), 95–108. CrossRefPubMed Raab, K. (2014). Mindfulness, self-compassion, and empathy among health care professionals: a review of the literature. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 20(3), 95–108. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rogers, C. (1992). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 827–832. Originally published in 1957. CrossRefPubMed Rogers, C. (1992). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 827–832. Originally published in 1957. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ryan, A., Safran, J. D., Doran, J. M., & Muran, J. C. (2012). Therapist mindfulness, alliance and treatment outcome. Psychotherapy Research, 22(3), 289–297. CrossRefPubMed Ryan, A., Safran, J. D., Doran, J. M., & Muran, J. C. (2012). Therapist mindfulness, alliance and treatment outcome. Psychotherapy Research, 22(3), 289–297. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Safran, J. D., & Kraus, J. (2014). Relational techniques in a cognitive–behavioral therapy context. In N. C. Thoma & D. McKay (Eds.), Working with emotion in cognitive-beavioral therapy: Techniques for clinical practice (pp. 333–355). New York: Guilford Press. Safran, J. D., & Kraus, J. (2014). Relational techniques in a cognitive–behavioral therapy context. In N. C. Thoma & D. McKay (Eds.), Working with emotion in cognitive-beavioral therapy: Techniques for clinical practice (pp. 333–355). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Salzberg, S. (1995). Lovingkindness: The revolutionary art of happiness. Boston: Shambhala Publications. Salzberg, S. (1995). Lovingkindness: The revolutionary art of happiness. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
go back to reference Salzberg, S. (2011). Real happiness: The power of meditation. A 28-day program. New York: Workman Publishing. Salzberg, S. (2011). Real happiness: The power of meditation. A 28-day program. New York: Workman Publishing.
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., & Izett, C. D. (2008). Meditation: a universal tool for cultivating empathy. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 3–18). New York: The Guilford Press. Shapiro, S. L., & Izett, C. D. (2008). Meditation: a universal tool for cultivating empathy. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 3–18). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 581–599. CrossRefPubMed Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 581–599. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., & Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12(2), 164–176. CrossRef Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., & Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12(2), 164–176. CrossRef
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1(2), 105–115. CrossRef Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1(2), 105–115. CrossRef
go back to reference Siegel, D. J. (2010). The mindful therapist: a clinician’s guide to mindsight and neural integration. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. Siegel, D. J. (2010). The mindful therapist: a clinician’s guide to mindsight and neural integration. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
go back to reference Siegel, D. J. (2012). The developing mind: How relationships and the brain interact to shape who we are (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Siegel, D. J. (2012). The developing mind: How relationships and the brain interact to shape who we are (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Siegel, R. D., & Germer, C. K. (2012). Wisdom and compassion: Two wings of a bird. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 9–34). New York: Guilford Press. Siegel, R. D., & Germer, C. K. (2012). Wisdom and compassion: Two wings of a bird. In C. K. Germer & R. D. Siegel (Eds.), Wisdom and compassion in psychotherapy: Deepening mindfulness in clinical practice (pp. 9–34). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Surrey, J. L. (2005). Relational psychotherapy, relational mindfulness. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 91–110). New York: Guilford Press. Surrey, J. L. (2005). Relational psychotherapy, relational mindfulness. In C. K. Germer, R. D. Siegel, & P. R. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and psychotherapy (pp. 91–110). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Tirch, D. D. (2010). Mindfulness as a context for the cultivation of compassion. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 113–123. CrossRef Tirch, D. D. (2010). Mindfulness as a context for the cultivation of compassion. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 113–123. CrossRef
go back to reference Walsh, R. A. (2008). Mindfulness and empathy: A hermeneutic circle. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 72–86). New York: Guilford Press. Walsh, R. A. (2008). Mindfulness and empathy: A hermeneutic circle. In S. F. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship (pp. 72–86). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Wang, S. J. (2006). Mindfulness meditation: its personal and professional impact on psychotherapists. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3226246. Wang, S. J. (2006). Mindfulness meditation: its personal and professional impact on psychotherapists. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis. Retrieved from ProQuest dissertations and theses database, UMI 3226246.
go back to reference Weng, H. Y., Fox, A. S., Shackman, A. J., Stodola, D. E., Caldwell, J. Z. K., Olson, M. C., Rogers, G. M., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Compassion training alters altruism and neural responses to suffering. Psychological Science, 24, 1171–1180. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed Weng, H. Y., Fox, A. S., Shackman, A. J., Stodola, D. E., Caldwell, J. Z. K., Olson, M. C., Rogers, G. M., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Compassion training alters altruism and neural responses to suffering. Psychological Science, 24, 1171–1180. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Can Compassion Meditation Contribute to the Development of Psychotherapists’ Empathy? A Review
Auteurs
Marc Bibeau
Frederick Dionne
Jeannette Leblanc
Publicatiedatum
04-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-015-0439-y