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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2021

13-06-2020 | Letter to the Editor

Can a Person be ‘A Bit Autistic’? A Response to Francesca Happé and Uta Frith

Auteurs: Nick Chown, Julia Leatherland

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2021

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Excerpt

As one would expect from two such autism research luminaries, the annual research review put together by Happé and Frith ( 2020) is an exemplary piece of work. This response relates to one point they make, that others might see as a passing mention, which we regard as being of particular importance, and also to some of the terminology used. …

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Voetnoten
1
Livingston and Happé (2017, p. 731) define ‘compensation’ as ‘the processes contributing to improved behavioural presentation of a neurodevelopmental disorder, despite persisting core deficit(s) at cognitive and/or neurobiological levels’. They propose that compensation is modulated by the environment via ‘environmental scaffolding’ (an environment that is naturally autism-friendly such as where social rules are explicit) and ‘environmental accommodation’ (where an individual self-selects an environment that suits them).
 
2
Happé and Frith (2020, p. 7) write that, ‘Cognitively autism may present a qualitative difference in some respects and not in others’. We are strongly of the view that there are sufficient significant qualitative differences (as well as many similarities) between autistic cognition and non-autistic cognition, such that autistics can be described as sharing a ‘neurological type’. If autism exists, and we believe it does, and it is neurological, then by definition it must be a differing neurological type in our view.
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Can a Person be ‘A Bit Autistic’? A Response to Francesca Happé and Uta Frith
Auteurs
Nick Chown
Julia Leatherland
Publicatiedatum
13-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04541-0