Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9659-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Shared first authorship between Andershed & Colins.
The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1–3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits. Youth with CP scoring high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions (Psychopathic Personality + CP) showed the most robust and highest risk for future and stable CP, aggression, and substance use, followed by youth who were high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions but displayed no concurrent CP (Psychopathic Personality Only) and CP youth with low levels of psychopathic traits (CP Only). Youth with CP who merely manifested callous-unemotional traits (Callous-Unemotional + CP) were only at risk for future CP. The findings suggest that the CU traits-based approach for subtyping children with CP is less informative compared to a subtyping approach using various psychopathic traits dimensions in predicting future and stable forms of various antisocial outcomes. These findings and their consistency with prior work indicate the need for additional research to examine the various psychopathic traits dimensions rather than focusing solely on CU traits, especially for CP subtyping purposes.
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4–18, YSR, and TRF profiles: Department of Psychiatry. Burlington: University of Vermont.
APA. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4ed.). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Christian, R. E., Frick, P. J., Hill, N. L., Tyler, L., & Frazer, D. R. (1997). Psychopathy and conduct problems in children .2. Implications for subtyping children with conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Psychololgy, 36(2), 233–241.
Colins, O. F., Andershed, H., Salekin, R. T., & Fanti, K. A. (in press). Comparing different approaches for subtyping children with conduct problems: Callous-unemotional traits only versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.
DeLisi, M. (2017). Elucidating both the non-existent and extensive violent criminal career. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(6), 429–430.
Drislane, L. E., & Patrick, C. J. (2013). Psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder. In M. Shally-Jensen (Ed.), Mental health care issues in America: An encyclopedia (pp. 599–607). Santa Barbara: CA: ABC-CLIO.
Fanti, K. A., Kyranides, M., Lordos, A., Colins, O., & Andershed, H. (in press). Unique and interactive associations of callous-unemotional traits, impulsivity and narcissism with child and adolescent conduct disorder symptom. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.
Frick, P. J. (2004). The inventory of callous-unemotional traits. Unpublished rating scale.
Frick, P. J. (2009). Extending the construct of psychopathy to youth: Implications for understanding, diagnosing, and treating antisocial children and adolescents. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry/Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 31(12), 803. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device technical manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Frogner, L., Gibson, C. L., Andershed, A.-K., & Andershed, H. (2016). Childhood psychopathic personality and callous–unemotional traits in the prediction of conduct problems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.
Frogner, L., Andershed, A. K., & Andershed, H. (in press). Psychopathic personality works better than CU traits for predicting fearlessness and ADHD symptoms among children with conduct problems. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.
Gadow, K., & Sprafkin, J. (1998). Adolescent symptom inventory-4 norms manual. Stony Brook: Checkmate Plus.
Hare, R. D. (2016). Psychopathy, the PCL-R, and criminal justice: Some new findings and current issues. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 57(1), 21. CrossRef
Kimonis, E. R., Fanti, K. A., Frick, P. J., Moffitt, T. E., Essau, C., Bijttebier, P., et al. (2015). Using self-reported callous-unemotional traits to cross-nationally assess the DSM-5 ‘with limited prosocial emotions’ specifier. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56(11), 1249–1261. CrossRefPubMed
Klapwijk, E. T., Aghajani, M., Colins, O., Marijnissen, G. M., Popma, A., Lang, N. D., et al. (2015). Different brain responses during empathy in autism spectrum disorders versus conduct disorder and callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(6), 737–747.
Lau, K. S., & Marsee, M. A. (2013). Exploring narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism in youth: Examination of associations with antisocial behavior and aggression. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(3), 355–367. CrossRef
Orue, I., & Andershed, H. (2015). The youth psychopathic traits inventory-short version in Spanish adolescents—Factor structure, reliability, and relation with aggression, bullying, and cyber bullying. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 37(4), 563–575.
Salekin, R. T. (2008). Psychopathy and recidivism from mid-adolescence to young adulthood:Cumulating legal problems and limiting life opportunities. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 17(2), 386–395. CrossRef
Salekin, R. T. (2016a). Psychopathy in childhood: Toward better informing the DSM–5 and ICD-11 conduct disorder specifiers. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 7(2), 180–191. CrossRef
Salekin, R. T. (2016b). Psychopathy in childhood: Why should we care about grandiose-manipulative and daring-implive traits? British Journal of Psychiatry., 209, 18–191. CrossRef
Salekin, R. T. (2017). Research review: What do we know about psychopathic traits in children?. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 58(11), 1180–1200.
Schwenk, C., Mergenthaler, J., Keller, K., Zech, J., Salehi, S., Taurines, R., & Freitag, C. M. (2012). Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: Group-specific profiles and developmental aspects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(6), 651–659. CrossRef
Stellwagen, K. K., & Kerig, P. K. (2013). Ringleader bullying: Association with psychopathic narcissism and theory of mind among child psychiatric inpatients. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 44(5), 612–620. CrossRef
Viding, E., & McCrory, E. J. (2012). Why should we care about measuring callous–unemotional traits in children? British Journal of Psychiatry, 200(3), 177–178.
Vitacco, M. J., Neumann, C. S., & Pardini, D. A. (2014). Predicting future criminal offending in a community-based sample of males using self-reported psychopathy. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 41(3), 345–363. CrossRef
Wymbs, B. T., McCarty, C. A., King, K. M., McCauley, E., Vander Stoep, A., Baer, J. S., et al. (2012). Callous-unemotional traits as unique prospective risk factors for substance use in early adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(7), 1099–1110. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence
Olivier F. Colins
Randall T. Salekin
Melina Nicole Kyranides
Kostas A. Fanti
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505