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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2016

15-07-2015 | S.I. : Discourse and conversation analytic approaches to the study of ASD

By the Book: An Analysis of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Condition Co-constructing Fictional Narratives with Peers

Auteurs: Kristen Bottema-Beutel, Rachael White

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2016

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Abstract

In this discourse analytic study, we examine interactions between adolescents with autism spectrum condition (ASC) and their typically developing (TD) peers during the construction of fictional narratives within a group intervention context. We found participants with ASC contributed fewer narrative-related turns at talk than TD participants. The groups organized the activity as a means to subvert moral and social norms, and youth with ASC participated in negotiating new norms with varying degrees of success. Further, participants with ASC often prioritized making explicit links between narrative events over creative interpretations of narrative, which illustrated differing orientations to the narrative project. Our findings add an interactional dimension to existing research focusing on the psychological aspects of narrative production in individuals with ASC.
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Voetnoten
1
We use the term ‘condition’ instead of ‘disorder’, as it represents a neutral stance on the diagnosis. See Baron-Cohen et al. (2009) for a discussion of terminology.
 
2
Losh and Capps (2003) and Losh and Gordon (2014) are exceptions; they used a conversational context with a researcher to elicit personal narratives and storybook recall, respectively.
 
3
Interestingly, Jessy Park’s work is so detail-focused that it does not include a ‘vantage point’; each square is considered without relation to the work as a whole or the perspective of the observer, leaving her paintings with a two-dimensional feel.
 
4
It is interesting to note, but beyond the scope of this paper to analyze in great detail, that Nathan links his contribution to the prior utterance with the preface ‘and’, instead of with ‘by’. His utterance provides a mechanism by which the children are blinded (i.e., by forcing them to look directly into the sun), which is causally prior to the previous utterance, rather than the subsequent event. Prior research has shown that individuals with ASC are less likely to provide causal statements (Tager-Flusberg 1995), so it is noteworthy that Nathan provides a causal statement masked by his use of the connector ‘and’ as a next-event statement.
 
5
An appeal to logical consistency and linearity, further described in the next section.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
By the Book: An Analysis of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Condition Co-constructing Fictional Narratives with Peers
Auteurs
Kristen Bottema-Beutel
Rachael White
Publicatiedatum
15-07-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2524-4

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