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14-12-2017 | S.I. : College experiences for students with ASD | Uitgave 3/2018

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2018

Bullying and Identity Development: Insights from Autistic and Non-autistic College Students

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 3/2018
Auteurs:
Danielle DeNigris, Patricia J. Brooks, Rita Obeid, Maria Alarcon, Christina Shane-Simpson, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-017-3383-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Reduced cognitive empathy may put autistic people at risk for bullying. We compared interpretations of bullying provided by 22 autistic and 15 non-autistic college students. Autistic (and non-autistic) students reported less severe bullying in college relative to earlier in development. Chronic bullying was associated with improvements in self-descriptions and self-acceptance. Autistic students who were chronically bullied were more likely to self-identify as autistic when asked to explain their disability. Autistic and non-autistic students demonstrated similar levels of cognitive empathy, providing no evidence that a “double empathy problem” contributes to bullying for all autistic individuals. Findings suggest that recovery from bullying can contribute to resilience and that autistic people gain insights about bullying and how to overcome it with development.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 22 KB)
10803_2017_3383_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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