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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 3/2023

19-10-2022

Buffering effects of protective factors on light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among african american women

Auteurs: Asia Brown, Dawn K. Wilson, Allison M. Sweeney, M. Lee van Horn, Nicole Zarrett, Russell R. Pate

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Physical activity (PA) plays an integral role in reducing risk for the leading causes of death and has also been shown to buffer stress. Based on the stress-buffering hypothesis, the present study examined whether protective factors (self-efficacy and informal social control) buffered the effects of perceived stress on PA over time. Secondary data analyses of female African American caregivers (N = 143) were conducted using data from the Families Improving Together (FIT) trial. Validated measures of stressors and protective factors were assessed at baseline. Light PA and moderate-to-vigorous PA were assessed using seven-day accelerometry estimates over sixteen weeks. Multilevel growth modeling was used to assess whether protective factors moderated the effects of perceived stress on PA outcomes across 16 weeks. There was a significant two-way interaction between informal social control and time (B = 0.40, SE = 0.17, p = .019) such that higher informal social control was positively associated with MVPA over time. There was a marginal three-way interaction (B = -18.90, SE = 10.31, p = .067) such that stress was associated with greater LPA at baseline under conditions of high but not low self-efficacy. This study provides preliminary support that social factors may be important for maintaining MVPA regardless of stress levels, while cognitive resources may be more important to target for influencing LPA engagement under conditions of high stress.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Buffering effects of protective factors on light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among african american women
Auteurs
Asia Brown
Dawn K. Wilson
Allison M. Sweeney
M. Lee van Horn
Nicole Zarrett
Russell R. Pate
Publicatiedatum
19-10-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-022-00360-z

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