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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2010

01-05-2010 | Original Paper

Broader Autism Phenotype and Nonverbal Sensitivity: Evidence for an Association in the General Population

Auteur: Brooke Ingersoll

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2010

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Abstract

This study examined the relationship between characteristics of the Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP) and nonverbal sensitivity, the ability to interpret nonverbal aspects of communication, in a non-clinical sample of college students. One hundred and two participants completed a self-report measure of the BAP, the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), and two tests of nonverbal sensitivity, the Test of Nonverbal Cue Knowledge (TONCK), and the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy 2 (DANVA2). AQ score was correlated with TONCK performance and number of errors on the adult faces subtest of the DANVA2, but not adult paralanguage or postures. These findings suggest that characteristics of ASD in the general population are associated with differences in both explicit and implicit knowledge of nonverbal cues.
Voetnoten
1
Unlike previous reports suggesting a normal distribution of AQ scores in the general population (Hoekstra et al. 2008; Hurst et al. 2007), scores on the AQ in our sample were slightly positively skewed. This may be due to sampling error given our smaller sample size (102 participants compared to >900 participants in previous reports).
 
2
Even if we throw out all 12 participants who scored more than 1.5 SD above the mean on the AQ (>24), our main findings remain significant. The likelihood that more than this number of high scoring participants had a first degree relative with autism is very small.
 
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Broader Autism Phenotype and Nonverbal Sensitivity: Evidence for an Association in the General Population
Auteur
Brooke Ingersoll
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0907-0