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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2021

17-11-2020 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Using Cognitive Screeners in Autistic Adults

Auteurs: Iuno Z. Groot, Anne G. Lever, P. Cédric Koolschijn, Hilde M. Geurts

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2021

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Abstract

By comparing 51 autistic adults and 49 age-matched controls (aged 30–73 years) we tested if (1) the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is more sensitive in measuring cognitive impairments than the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and (2) if we can replicate the MoCA-findings of Powell et al. (2017) with the Dutch MoCA(-NL). Results showed that: (1) The MoCA-NL is more sensitive, and (2) like Powell, no group differences were observed on the MoCA-NL. However, in contrast to Powell, we did not observe that older autistic adults show more impairment than controls on the MoCA-NL. Nonetheless, as the MoCA-NL is more sensitive to cognitive impairment, it is the recommended screener for older autistic adults.

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Voetnoten
1
The formal term following the DSM is Autism Spectrum Disorder. However, we chose the term ASC in accordance with UK practice.
 
2
Executive functions are an umbrella term used to describe several cognitive skills required to start, change and stop (complex) behaviour (Ozonoff et al. 2004).
 
3
Note that both the MMSE-NL and MoCA-NL were reported upon in previous studies (i.e., Lever and Geurts 2015; Koolschijn and Geurts 2016) as these were used as inclusion criteria for these studies’ main focus (i.e., cognitive profiling and neuroimaging).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Using Cognitive Screeners in Autistic Adults
Auteurs
Iuno Z. Groot
Anne G. Lever
P. Cédric Koolschijn
Hilde M. Geurts
Publicatiedatum
17-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04782-z