Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2020

31-08-2018 | Brief Report

Brief Report: “Um” Fillers Distinguish Children With and Without ASD

Auteurs: Karla K. McGregor, Rex R. Hadden

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Two laboratories have reported that children with ASD are less likely than their typical peers to fill pauses with um but their use of uh is unaffected (Irvine et al., J Autism Dev Disord 46(3):1061–1070, 2016; Gorman et al., Autism Res 9(8):854–865, 2016). In this brief report, we replicated this finding by comparing the discourse of 7-to-15-year-olds with ASD (N = 31) to that of their typically developing same-age peers (N = 32). The robustness of this easily documented difference in discourse suggests a potentially useful clinical marker of ASD.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1990). Guidelines for screening for hearing impairments and middle ear disorders. ASHA, 32(Suppl 2), 17–24. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1990). Guidelines for screening for hearing impairments and middle ear disorders. ASHA, 32(Suppl 2), 17–24.
go back to reference Arciuli, J., Mallard, D., & Villar, G. (2010). “Um, I can tell you’re lying”: Linguistic markers of deception versus truth-telling in speech. Applied Psycholinguistics, 31(3), 397–411.CrossRef Arciuli, J., Mallard, D., & Villar, G. (2010). “Um, I can tell you’re lying”: Linguistic markers of deception versus truth-telling in speech. Applied Psycholinguistics, 31(3), 397–411.CrossRef
go back to reference Arnold, J. E., Fagnano, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2003). Disfluencies signal theee, um, new information. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 32(1), 25–36.CrossRef Arnold, J. E., Fagnano, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2003). Disfluencies signal theee, um, new information. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 32(1), 25–36.CrossRef
go back to reference Arnold, J. E., Hudson-Kam, C. L., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2007). If you say thee uh you are describing something hard: The on-line attribution of disfluency during reference comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33(5), 914–930.PubMed Arnold, J. E., Hudson-Kam, C. L., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2007). If you say thee uh you are describing something hard: The on-line attribution of disfluency during reference comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33(5), 914–930.PubMed
go back to reference Arnold, J. E., Tanenhaus, M. K., Altmann, R. J., & Fagnano, M. (2004). The old and thee, uh, new: Disfluency and reference resolution. Psychological Science, 15(9), 578–582.CrossRef Arnold, J. E., Tanenhaus, M. K., Altmann, R. J., & Fagnano, M. (2004). The old and thee, uh, new: Disfluency and reference resolution. Psychological Science, 15(9), 578–582.CrossRef
go back to reference Bortfeld, H., Leon, S. D., Bloom, J. E., Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E. (2001). Disfluency rates in conversation: Effects of age, relationship, topic, role, and gender. Language and Speech, 44(2), 123–147.CrossRef Bortfeld, H., Leon, S. D., Bloom, J. E., Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E. (2001). Disfluency rates in conversation: Effects of age, relationship, topic, role, and gender. Language and Speech, 44(2), 123–147.CrossRef
go back to reference Clark, H. H., & Fox Tree, J. E. (2002). Using uh and um in spontaneous speaking. Cognition, 84(1), 73–111.CrossRef Clark, H. H., & Fox Tree, J. E. (2002). Using uh and um in spontaneous speaking. Cognition, 84(1), 73–111.CrossRef
go back to reference Corley, M., & Stewart, O. W. (2008). Hesitation disfluencies in spontaneous speech: The meaning of um. Language and Linguistics Compass, 2(4), 589–602.CrossRef Corley, M., & Stewart, O. W. (2008). Hesitation disfluencies in spontaneous speech: The meaning of um. Language and Linguistics Compass, 2(4), 589–602.CrossRef
go back to reference Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1997). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (3rd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Fox Tree, J. E. (2001). Listeners’ uses of um and uh in speech comprehension. Memory & Cognition, 29(2), 320–326.CrossRef Fox Tree, J. E. (2001). Listeners’ uses of um and uh in speech comprehension. Memory & Cognition, 29(2), 320–326.CrossRef
go back to reference Fox Tree, J. E. (2007). Folk notions of um and uh, you know, and like. Text & Talk, 27(3), 297–314.CrossRef Fox Tree, J. E. (2007). Folk notions of um and uh, you know, and like. Text & Talk, 27(3), 297–314.CrossRef
go back to reference Gorman, K., Olson, L., Hill, A. P., Lunsford, R., Heeman, P. A., & van Santen, J. P. (2016). Uh and um in children with autism spectrum disorders or language impairment. Autism Research, 9(8), 854–865.CrossRef Gorman, K., Olson, L., Hill, A. P., Lunsford, R., Heeman, P. A., & van Santen, J. P. (2016). Uh and um in children with autism spectrum disorders or language impairment. Autism Research, 9(8), 854–865.CrossRef
go back to reference Irvine, C. A., Eigsti, I. M., & Fein, D. A. (2016). Uh, um, and autism: Filler disfluencies as pragmatic markers in adolescents with optimal outcomes from autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(3), 1061–1070.CrossRef Irvine, C. A., Eigsti, I. M., & Fein, D. A. (2016). Uh, um, and autism: Filler disfluencies as pragmatic markers in adolescents with optimal outcomes from autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(3), 1061–1070.CrossRef
go back to reference Kaufman, A. S., & Kaufman, N. L. (2004). The Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2. Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing. Kaufman, A. S., & Kaufman, N. L. (2004). The Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2. Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing.
go back to reference Lake, J. K., Humphreys, K. R., & Cardy, S. (2011). Listener vs. speaker-oriented aspects of speech: Studying the disfluencies of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18(1), 135–140.CrossRef Lake, J. K., Humphreys, K. R., & Cardy, S. (2011). Listener vs. speaker-oriented aspects of speech: Studying the disfluencies of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18(1), 135–140.CrossRef
go back to reference Lee, L. C., David, A. B., Rusyniak, J., Landa, R., & Newschaffer, C. J. (2007). Performance of the Social Communication Questionnaire in children receiving preschool special education services. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(2), 126–138.CrossRef Lee, L. C., David, A. B., Rusyniak, J., Landa, R., & Newschaffer, C. J. (2007). Performance of the Social Communication Questionnaire in children receiving preschool special education services. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(2), 126–138.CrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—WPS Edition. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—WPS Edition. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference MacFarlane, H., Gorman, K., Ingham, R., Hill, A. P., Papadakis, K., Kiss, G., & Van Santen, J. (2017). Quantitative analysis of disfluency in children with autism spectrum disorder or language impairment. PLoS ONE, 12(3), e0173936.CrossRef MacFarlane, H., Gorman, K., Ingham, R., Hill, A. P., Papadakis, K., Kiss, G., & Van Santen, J. (2017). Quantitative analysis of disfluency in children with autism spectrum disorder or language impairment. PLoS ONE, 12(3), e0173936.CrossRef
go back to reference McGregor, K. K., Berns, A. J., Owen, A. J., Michels, S. A., Duff, D., Bahnsen, A. J., & Lloyd, M. (2012). Associations between syntax and the lexicon among children with or without ASD and language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(1), 35–47.CrossRef McGregor, K. K., Berns, A. J., Owen, A. J., Michels, S. A., Duff, D., Bahnsen, A. J., & Lloyd, M. (2012). Associations between syntax and the lexicon among children with or without ASD and language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(1), 35–47.CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. F., & Chapman, R. S. (1995). SALT: Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts. Madison: University of Wisconsin, Language Analysis Laboratory. Miller, J. F., & Chapman, R. S. (1995). SALT: Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts. Madison: University of Wisconsin, Language Analysis Laboratory.
go back to reference Nippold, M. A., Hesketh, L. J., Duthie, J. K., & Mansfield, T. C. (2005). Conversational versus expository discourse: A study of syntactic development in children, adolescents, and adults. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48, 1048–1064.CrossRef Nippold, M. A., Hesketh, L. J., Duthie, J. K., & Mansfield, T. C. (2005). Conversational versus expository discourse: A study of syntactic development in children, adolescents, and adults. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48, 1048–1064.CrossRef
go back to reference Parish-Morris, J., Liberman, M. Y., Cieri, C., Herrington, J. D., Yerys, B. E., Bateman, L., et al. (2017). Linguistic camouflage in girls with autism spectrum disorder. Molecular Autism, 8(1), 48.CrossRef Parish-Morris, J., Liberman, M. Y., Cieri, C., Herrington, J. D., Yerys, B. E., Bateman, L., et al. (2017). Linguistic camouflage in girls with autism spectrum disorder. Molecular Autism, 8(1), 48.CrossRef
go back to reference Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Berument, S. K., Lord, C., & Pickles, A. (2003). Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Berument, S. K., Lord, C., & Pickles, A. (2003). Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Semel, E., Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. A. (2003). Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals—Fourth Edition (CELF-4). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Semel, E., Wiig, E. H., & Secord, W. A. (2003). Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals—Fourth Edition (CELF-4). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Sporer, S. L., & Schwandt, B. (2006). Paraverbal indicators of deception: A meta-analytic synthesis. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20(4), 421–446.CrossRef Sporer, S. L., & Schwandt, B. (2006). Paraverbal indicators of deception: A meta-analytic synthesis. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20(4), 421–446.CrossRef
go back to reference Villar, G., Arciuli, J., & Mallard, D. (2012). Use of “um” in the deceptive speech of a convicted murderer. Applied Psycholinguistics, 33(1), 83–95.CrossRef Villar, G., Arciuli, J., & Mallard, D. (2012). Use of “um” in the deceptive speech of a convicted murderer. Applied Psycholinguistics, 33(1), 83–95.CrossRef
go back to reference Wieling, M., Grieve, J., Bouma, G., Fruehwald, J., Coleman, J., & Liberman, M. (2016). Variation and change in the use of hesitation markers in Germanic languages. Language Dynamics and Change, 6(2), 199–234.CrossRef Wieling, M., Grieve, J., Bouma, G., Fruehwald, J., Coleman, J., & Liberman, M. (2016). Variation and change in the use of hesitation markers in Germanic languages. Language Dynamics and Change, 6(2), 199–234.CrossRef
go back to reference Williams, K. T. (2007). Expressive Vocabulary Test (2nd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing. Williams, K. T. (2007). Expressive Vocabulary Test (2nd ed.). Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing.
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: “Um” Fillers Distinguish Children With and Without ASD
Auteurs
Karla K. McGregor
Rex R. Hadden
Publicatiedatum
31-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3736-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2020

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2020 Naar de uitgave