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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2015

01-07-2015 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Theory of Mind, Relational Reasoning, and Social Responsiveness in Children With and Without Autism: Demonstration of Feasibility for a Larger-Scale Study

Auteurs: John R. Pruett Jr., Sridhar Kandala, Steven E. Petersen, Daniel J. Povinelli

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2015

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Abstract

Understanding the underpinnings of social responsiveness and theory of mind (ToM) will enhance our knowledge of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesize that higher-order relational reasoning (higher-order RR: reasoning necessitating integration of relationships among multiple variables) is necessary but not sufficient for ToM, and that social responsiveness varies independently of higher-order RR. A pilot experiment tested these hypotheses in n = 17 children, 3–14, with and without ASD. No child failing 2nd-order RR passed a false belief ToM test. Contrary to prediction, Social Responsiveness Scale scores did correlate with 2nd-order RR performance, likely due to sample characteristics. It is feasible to translate this comparative cognition-inspired line of inquiry for full-scale studies of ToM, higher-order RR, and social responsiveness in ASD.
Voetnoten
1
We do not in any way imply that there is anything less human about individuals with autism, young children, or those with intellectual disability because of limitations in certain forms of RR. Indeed, part of the supporting evidence for our work includes noting that some individuals with autism demonstrate above-average fluid reasoning. RR is only a small part of what makes all humans human.
 
2
Our prediction that no child failing higher-order relational reasoning could pass False Belief was tested by assessing the exact binomial probability of n children failing higher-order relational reasoning but passing False Belief.
 
3
Adjustment for unequal variances.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Theory of Mind, Relational Reasoning, and Social Responsiveness in Children With and Without Autism: Demonstration of Feasibility for a Larger-Scale Study
Auteurs
John R. Pruett Jr.
Sridhar Kandala
Steven E. Petersen
Daniel J. Povinelli
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2357-1