Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2006

01-04-2006 | Brief Report

Brief Report: “The Autism Epidemic”. The Registered Prevalence of Autism in a Swedish Urban Area

Auteurs: Christopher Gillberg, Mats Cederlund, Kerstin Lamberg, Lena Zeijlon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2006

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The objective of this study was to establish rates of diagnosed autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in a circumscribed geographical region. The total population born in 1977–1994, living in Göteborg Sweden in 2001, was screened for ASD in registers of the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic. The minimum registered rate of autistic disorder was 20.5 in 10,000. Other ASDs were 32.9 in 10,000, including 9.2 in 10,000 with Asperger syndrome. Males predominated. In the youngest group (7–12 years), 1.23% had a registered diagnosis of ASD. There was an increase in the rate of diagnosed registered ASD over time; the cause was not determined. The increase tended to level off in the younger age cohort, perhaps due to Asperger syndrome cases missed in screening.
Literatuur
go back to reference APA. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., DSM III). Washington, DC: APA APA. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., DSM III). Washington, DC: APA
go back to reference APA (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3 Edition) APA, Washington, DC APA (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3 Edition) APA, Washington, DC
go back to reference APA (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4 Edition) APA, Washington, DC APA (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4 Edition) APA, Washington, DC
go back to reference Asperger H., (1944). Die Autistischen Psychopathen im Kindesalter Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkranheiten 117:76–136 CrossRef Asperger H., (1944). Die Autistischen Psychopathen im Kindesalter Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkranheiten 117:76–136 CrossRef
go back to reference Cederlund M., Gillberg C., (2004) One hundred boys with Asperger syndrome. A clinical study of background and associated factors Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 46:652–660 CrossRefPubMed Cederlund M., Gillberg C., (2004) One hundred boys with Asperger syndrome. A clinical study of background and associated factors Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 46:652–660 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Croen L. A., Grether J. K., Hoogstrate J., Selvin S., (2002). The changing prevalence of autism in California Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32:207–215 CrossRefPubMed Croen L. A., Grether J. K., Hoogstrate J., Selvin S., (2002). The changing prevalence of autism in California Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32:207–215 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fombonne E., (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: an update Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33:365–382 PubMedCrossRef Fombonne E., (2003). Epidemiological surveys of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: an update Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33:365–382 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Frith U., (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 45:672–686 CrossRefPubMed Frith U., (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 45:672–686 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gillberg C., (1983). Perceptual, motor and attentional deficits in Swedish primary school children. Some child psychiatric aspects Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 24:377–403 PubMedCrossRef Gillberg C., (1983). Perceptual, motor and attentional deficits in Swedish primary school children. Some child psychiatric aspects Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 24:377–403 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg C., (1984). Infantile autism and other childhood psychoses in a Swedish urban region. Epidemiological aspects Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 25:35–43 PubMedCrossRef Gillberg C., (1984). Infantile autism and other childhood psychoses in a Swedish urban region. Epidemiological aspects Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 25:35–43 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg I. C., Gillberg C., (1989). Asperger syndrome – some epidemiological considerations: A research note Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 30:631–638 PubMedCrossRef Gillberg I. C., Gillberg C., (1989). Asperger syndrome – some epidemiological considerations: A research note Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 30:631–638 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg C., Steffenburg S., Schaumann H., (1991). Is autism more common now than 10 years ago?British Journal of Psychiatry 158:403–409 PubMedCrossRef Gillberg C., Steffenburg S., Schaumann H., (1991). Is autism more common now than 10 years ago?British Journal of Psychiatry 158:403–409 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg C., Wing L., (1999). Autism: Not an extremely rare disorder Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 99:399–406 PubMedCrossRef Gillberg C., Wing L., (1999). Autism: Not an extremely rare disorder Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 99:399–406 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gillberg C., Gillberg I. C., Råstam M., Wentz N., (2001). The Asperger syndrome diagnostic interview (ASDI): A preliminary study of a new structured clinical interview Autism 5:57–66 CrossRefPubMed Gillberg C., Gillberg I. C., Råstam M., Wentz N., (2001). The Asperger syndrome diagnostic interview (ASDI): A preliminary study of a new structured clinical interview Autism 5:57–66 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Howlin P., Asgharian A., (1999). The diagnosis of autism and Asperger syndrome: Findings from a survey of 770 families Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 41:834–839 CrossRefPubMed Howlin P., Asgharian A., (1999). The diagnosis of autism and Asperger syndrome: Findings from a survey of 770 families Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 41:834–839 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kanner L., (1943) Autistic disturbances of affective contact Nervous Child 2:217–250 Kanner L., (1943) Autistic disturbances of affective contact Nervous Child 2:217–250
go back to reference Krug D. A., Arick J., Almond P., (1980). Behavior checklist for identifying severely handicapped individuals with high levels of autistic behavior Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 21:221–229 PubMedCrossRef Krug D. A., Arick J., Almond P., (1980). Behavior checklist for identifying severely handicapped individuals with high levels of autistic behavior Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 21:221–229 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Le Couteur A., Rutter M., Lord C., Rios P., Robertson S., Holdgrafer M., McLennan., (1989). Autism diagnostic interview: a standardized investigator-based instrument Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 19:363–387 PubMedCrossRef Le Couteur A., Rutter M., Lord C., Rios P., Robertson S., Holdgrafer M., McLennan., (1989). Autism diagnostic interview: a standardized investigator-based instrument Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 19:363–387 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leekam S., Libby S., Wing L., Gould J., Gillberg C., (2000) Comparison of ICD-10 and Gillberg´s criteria for Asperger syndrome Autism 4:11–28 CrossRef Leekam S., Libby S., Wing L., Gould J., Gillberg C., (2000) Comparison of ICD-10 and Gillberg´s criteria for Asperger syndrome Autism 4:11–28 CrossRef
go back to reference Leekam S. R., Libby S. J., Wing L., Gould J., Taylor C., (2002). The diagnostic interview for social and communication disorders: Algorithms for ICD-10 childhood autism and Wing and Gould autisitic spectrum disorder Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 43:327–342 CrossRefPubMed Leekam S. R., Libby S. J., Wing L., Gould J., Taylor C., (2002). The diagnostic interview for social and communication disorders: Algorithms for ICD-10 childhood autism and Wing and Gould autisitic spectrum disorder Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 43:327–342 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lord C., Rutter M., (1994). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders. In Rutter M., Taylor E., Hersov L., (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatry. Modern approaches (3 Ed). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 569–593 Lord C., Rutter M., (1994). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders. In Rutter M., Taylor E., Hersov L., (Eds.), Child and adolescent psychiatry. Modern approaches (3 Ed). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 569–593
go back to reference Lotter V., (1966). Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children Social Psychiatry 1:124–137 CrossRef Lotter V., (1966). Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children Social Psychiatry 1:124–137 CrossRef
go back to reference Miller J. N., Ozonoff S., (1997). Did Asperger’s cases have Asperger disorder? A research note Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 38:247–251 PubMed Miller J. N., Ozonoff S., (1997). Did Asperger’s cases have Asperger disorder? A research note Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 38:247–251 PubMed
go back to reference Nordin V., Nydén A., Gillberg C., (1998). The Swedish version of the childhood autism rating scale in a clinical setting Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 28:69–75 CrossRefPubMed Nordin V., Nydén A., Gillberg C., (1998). The Swedish version of the childhood autism rating scale in a clinical setting Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 28:69–75 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Schopler E., Reichler R. J., DeVellis R. F., Daly K., (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10:91–103 PubMedCrossRef Schopler E., Reichler R. J., DeVellis R. F., Daly K., (1980). Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10:91–103 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Steffenburg S., Gillberg C., (1986). Autism and autistic-like conditions in Swedish rural and urban areas: A population study British Journal of Psychiatry 149:81–87 PubMed Steffenburg S., Gillberg C., (1986). Autism and autistic-like conditions in Swedish rural and urban areas: A population study British Journal of Psychiatry 149:81–87 PubMed
go back to reference Steffenburg S., Gillberg C., Hellgren L., Andersson L., Gillberg I. C., Jakobsson G., Bohman M., (1989). A twin study of autism in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 30:405–416 PubMedCrossRef Steffenburg S., Gillberg C., Hellgren L., Andersson L., Gillberg I. C., Jakobsson G., Bohman M., (1989). A twin study of autism in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 30:405–416 PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Taylor B., Miller E., Farrington C. P., Petropoulos M. C., Favot-Mayaud I., Li J., Waight P. A., (1999). Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: No epidemiological evidence for a causal association Lancet 353:2026–2029 CrossRefPubMed Taylor B., Miller E., Farrington C. P., Petropoulos M. C., Favot-Mayaud I., Li J., Waight P. A., (1999). Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: No epidemiological evidence for a causal association Lancet 353:2026–2029 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Webb E. V., Lobo S., Hervas A., Scourfield J., Fraser W. I., (1997). The changing prevalence of autistic disorder in a Welsh health district Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 39:150–152 PubMed Webb E. V., Lobo S., Hervas A., Scourfield J., Fraser W. I., (1997). The changing prevalence of autistic disorder in a Welsh health district Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 39:150–152 PubMed
go back to reference Wing L., (1981). Asperger’s syndrome: A clinical account Psychological Medicine 11:115–130 PubMed Wing L., (1981). Asperger’s syndrome: A clinical account Psychological Medicine 11:115–130 PubMed
go back to reference Wing L., (1996). The autism spectrum. Constable, London Wing L., (1996). The autism spectrum. Constable, London
go back to reference Wing L., Potter D., (2002) The epidemiology of autistic spectrum disorders: Is the prevalence rising?Mental Retardation and Developmental Disability Research Review 8:151–161 CrossRef Wing L., Potter D., (2002) The epidemiology of autistic spectrum disorders: Is the prevalence rising?Mental Retardation and Developmental Disability Research Review 8:151–161 CrossRef
go back to reference Yeargin-Allsopp M., Rice C., Karapurkar T., Doernberg N., Boyle C., Murphy C., (2003). Prevalence of autism in a US metropolitan area JAMA, 289:49–55 CrossRefPubMed Yeargin-Allsopp M., Rice C., Karapurkar T., Doernberg N., Boyle C., Murphy C., (2003). Prevalence of autism in a US metropolitan area JAMA, 289:49–55 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: “The Autism Epidemic”. The Registered Prevalence of Autism in a Swedish Urban Area
Auteurs
Christopher Gillberg
Mats Cederlund
Kerstin Lamberg
Lena Zeijlon
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2006
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0081-6