04-07-2018 | Brief Report
Brief Report: Texas School District Autism Prevalence in Children from Non-English-Speaking Homes
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2020Log in om toegang te krijgen
Previous studies have implicated migration and ethnicity as possible risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in developed countries. Using Texas education data, we calculated district-reported ASD prevalence stratified by geographic region, with reported home language as a proxy for immigration. Prevalence ratios were also stratified by race. Prevalence estimates were significantly lower for White children from homes speaking Spanish and other non-English languages compared to those from English-speaking homes. This is the first study, to our knowledge, that investigates ASD prevalence of children from non-English-speaking households in a large sample. Barriers in identification of children of immigrants with ASD indicate that the increased district-reported prevalence seen in our study may only be a small indicator of a potentially larger prevalence.