Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2010

01-03-2010 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Laura Crane, Lorna Goddard, Linda Pring

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Autobiographical memory impairments in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been attributed to a failure in using the self as an effective memory organisational system. To explore this hypothesis, we compared self-defining and everyday memories in adults with and without ASD. Results demonstrated that both groups were able to distinguish between self-defining and everyday memories, although the ASD group generated fewer specific memories overall. Despite qualitative similarities between the narratives of the two groups, the adults with ASD extracted less meaning from their narratives. Difficulties in eliciting meaning from memories suggests a failure in using past experiences to update the self. We therefore propose that the self-memory relationship might be static, rather than dynamic, in ASD.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
Despite the gender ratio of approximately 4:1 (males: females) in ASD, with ratios of around 6:1 reported for higher functioning samples (Fombonne 1999), an equal number of males and females participated in the current study. This was to assess the role of gender on autobiographical memory in ASD, in view of gender differences being previously reported on autobiographical memory tasks (e.g., Goddard et al. 1998; Pohl et al. 2005). However, the current study found no significant effects of gender on any of the variables in the current study, in either the ASD or control group.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders text revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(1), 5–17. CrossRefPubMed Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(1), 5–17. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beversdorf, D. Q., Anderson, J. M., Manning, S. E., Anderson, S. L., Nordgren, R. E., Felopulos, G. J., et al. (1998). The effect of semantic and emotional context on written recall for verbal language in high functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 65(5), 685–692. CrossRef Beversdorf, D. Q., Anderson, J. M., Manning, S. E., Anderson, S. L., Nordgren, R. E., Felopulos, G. J., et al. (1998). The effect of semantic and emotional context on written recall for verbal language in high functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 65(5), 685–692. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., & Gaigg, S. B. (2008). Memory in ASD: Enduring themes and future prospects. In J. Boucher & D. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in Autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Bowler, D. M., & Gaigg, S. B. (2008). Memory in ASD: Enduring themes and future prospects. In J. Boucher & D. Bowler (Eds.), Memory in Autism (pp. 330–349). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowler, D. M., Gaigg, S. B., & Gardiner, J. M. (2008). Effects of related and unrelated context on recall and recognition by adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46(4), 993–999. CrossRefPubMed Bowler, D. M., Gaigg, S. B., & Gardiner, J. M. (2008). Effects of related and unrelated context on recall and recognition by adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 46(4), 993–999. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Conway, M. A., & Pleydell-Pearce, C. W. (2000). The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system. Psychological Review, 107(2), 261–288. CrossRefPubMed Conway, M. A., & Pleydell-Pearce, C. W. (2000). The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system. Psychological Review, 107(2), 261–288. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Conway, M. A., & Rubin, D. C. (1993). The structure of autobiographical memory. In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, M. A. Conway, & P. Morris (Eds.), Theories of memory (pp. 103–132). Hove: Psychology Press. Conway, M. A., & Rubin, D. C. (1993). The structure of autobiographical memory. In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, M. A. Conway, & P. Morris (Eds.), Theories of memory (pp. 103–132). Hove: Psychology Press.
go back to reference Conway, M. A., Singer, J., & Tagini, A. (2004). The self and autobiographical memory: Correspondence and coherence. Social Cognition, 22, 495–537. CrossRef Conway, M. A., Singer, J., & Tagini, A. (2004). The self and autobiographical memory: Correspondence and coherence. Social Cognition, 22, 495–537. CrossRef
go back to reference Crane, L., & Goddard, L. (2008). Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), 498–506. CrossRefPubMed Crane, L., & Goddard, L. (2008). Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), 498–506. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Crane, L., Goddard, L., & Pring, L. (2009a). Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 13(3), 215–228. Crane, L., Goddard, L., & Pring, L. (2009a). Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 13(3), 215–228.
go back to reference Crane, L., Goddard, L., & Pring, L. (2009b). Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals. Memory, 17(5), 557–576. CrossRefPubMed Crane, L., Goddard, L., & Pring, L. (2009b). Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals. Memory, 17(5), 557–576. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fombonne, E. (1999). The epidemiology of autism: A review. Psychological Medicine, 29(4), 769–786. CrossRefPubMed Fombonne, E. (1999). The epidemiology of autism: A review. Psychological Medicine, 29(4), 769–786. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gaigg, S. B., Gardiner, J. M., & Bowler, D. M. (2007). Free recall in autism spectrum disorder: The role of relational and item-specific encoding. Neuropsychologia, 46(4), 983–992. CrossRefPubMed Gaigg, S. B., Gardiner, J. M., & Bowler, D. M. (2007). Free recall in autism spectrum disorder: The role of relational and item-specific encoding. Neuropsychologia, 46(4), 983–992. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Goddard, L., Dritschel, B., & Burton, A. (1998). Gender differences in the dual-task effects on autobiographical memory retrieval during social problem solving. British Journal of Psychology, 89, 611–627. PubMed Goddard, L., Dritschel, B., & Burton, A. (1998). Gender differences in the dual-task effects on autobiographical memory retrieval during social problem solving. British Journal of Psychology, 89, 611–627. PubMed
go back to reference Goddard, L., Howlin, P., Dritschel, B., & Patel, T. (2007). Autobiographical memory and social problem-solving in Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 291–300. CrossRefPubMed Goddard, L., Howlin, P., Dritschel, B., & Patel, T. (2007). Autobiographical memory and social problem-solving in Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 291–300. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hill, E. L., Berthoz, S., & Frith, U. (2004). Brief report: Cognitive processing of own emotions in individuals with autistic spectrum disorder and in their relatives. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 229–235. CrossRefPubMed Hill, E. L., Berthoz, S., & Frith, U. (2004). Brief report: Cognitive processing of own emotions in individuals with autistic spectrum disorder and in their relatives. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 229–235. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jansari, A., & Parkin, A. (1996). Things that go bump in your life: Explaining the reminiscence bump in autobiographical memory. Psychology and Aging, 11(1), 85–91. CrossRefPubMed Jansari, A., & Parkin, A. (1996). Things that go bump in your life: Explaining the reminiscence bump in autobiographical memory. Psychology and Aging, 11(1), 85–91. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Johnson, M., Foley, M., Suengas, A., & Raye, C. (1988). Phenomenal characteristics of memories for perceived and imagined autobiographical events. Journal of Experimental Psychology-General, 117, 371–376. CrossRefPubMed Johnson, M., Foley, M., Suengas, A., & Raye, C. (1988). Phenomenal characteristics of memories for perceived and imagined autobiographical events. Journal of Experimental Psychology-General, 117, 371–376. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McLean, K., & Thorne, A. (2001). Manual for coding meaning-making in self-defining memories. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Santa Cruz. McLean, K., & Thorne, A. (2001). Manual for coding meaning-making in self-defining memories. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Santa Cruz.
go back to reference Millward, C., Powell, S., Messer, D., & Jordan, R. (2000). Recall for self and other in autism: Children’s memory for events experienced by themselves and their peers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(1), 15–28. CrossRefPubMed Millward, C., Powell, S., Messer, D., & Jordan, R. (2000). Recall for self and other in autism: Children’s memory for events experienced by themselves and their peers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(1), 15–28. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. Burack, A. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (Vol. 131–148). Manwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. Burack, A. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (Vol. 131–148). Manwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 27–43. CrossRefPubMed Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 27–43. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pohl, R., Bender, M., & Lachmann, G. (2005). Autobiographical memory and social skills of men and women. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(6), 745–759. CrossRef Pohl, R., Bender, M., & Lachmann, G. (2005). Autobiographical memory and social skills of men and women. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(6), 745–759. CrossRef
go back to reference Rabbitt, P. M. A., & Winthorpe, C. (1988). What do old people remember? The Galton paradigm reconsidered. In M. Gruneberg, P. Morris, & R. Sykes (Eds.), Practical aspects of memory (pp. 301–307). London: Wiley. Rabbitt, P. M. A., & Winthorpe, C. (1988). What do old people remember? The Galton paradigm reconsidered. In M. Gruneberg, P. Morris, & R. Sykes (Eds.), Practical aspects of memory (pp. 301–307). London: Wiley.
go back to reference Singer, J. (2004). Narrative identity and meaning making across the adult lifespan: An introduction. Journal of Personality, 72(3), 437–459. CrossRefPubMed Singer, J. (2004). Narrative identity and meaning making across the adult lifespan: An introduction. Journal of Personality, 72(3), 437–459. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Singer, J., & Moffitt, K. (1991–1992). An experimental investigation of specificity and generality in memory narratives. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 11, 233–257. Singer, J., & Moffitt, K. (1991–1992). An experimental investigation of specificity and generality in memory narratives. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 11, 233–257.
go back to reference Thorne, A., & McLean, K. (2001). Manual for coding events in self-defining memories. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Santa Cruz. Thorne, A., & McLean, K. (2001). Manual for coding events in self-defining memories. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Santa Cruz.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio: Harcourt Brace & Company. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio: Harcourt Brace & Company.
go back to reference White, S., Burgess, P., & Hill, E. L. (2009). Impairments in ‘open-ended’ executive function tests in autism. Autism Research, 2(3), 138–147. CrossRefPubMed White, S., Burgess, P., & Hill, E. L. (2009). Impairments in ‘open-ended’ executive function tests in autism. Autism Research, 2(3), 138–147. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Woodbury-Smith, M. R., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(3), 331–335. CrossRefPubMed Woodbury-Smith, M. R., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(3), 331–335. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference World Health Organisation. (1993). Ch V. Mental and behavioural disorders (including disorders of psychological development). Diagnostic criteria for research (10th ed.). Geneva: World Health Organisation. World Health Organisation. (1993). Ch V. Mental and behavioural disorders (including disorders of psychological development). Diagnostic criteria for research (10th ed.). Geneva: World Health Organisation.
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Laura Crane
Lorna Goddard
Linda Pring
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0875-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2010

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2010 Naar de uitgave