Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although depression and anxiety are the most common comorbidities in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), descriptive data for their prevalence among autistic adults are limited. This study provides descriptive data for a cohort of 155 autistic adults (mean age = 27.1 years, SD = 11.9) of average IQ on the short-form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales and the Mini Social Phobia Inventory. Also included were 79 non-ASD participants (mean age = 26.2, SD = 10.2) who completed the mini-SPIN. A substantial percentage (39–46%) of autistic adults scored within the ‘Moderate’ to ‘Extremely Severe’ range on the DASS-21. The DASS-21 would be a valuable rapid screening device for these comorbid conditions in autistic adults.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-35188.8.131.52. CrossRef
Australian Bureau of Statistic. (2017). Retrieved October 16, 2017, from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/4430.0Main%20Features75205.
Cassidy, S., Bradley, P., Robinson, J., Allison, C., McHugh, M., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2014). Suicidal ideation and suicide plans or attempts in adults with Asperger’s syndrome attending a specialist diagnostic clinic: A clinical cohort study. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 142–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70248-2. CrossRefPubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(2), 1–21.
Crawford, J. R., Cayley, C., Lovibond, P. F., Wilson, P. H., & Hartley, C. (2011). Percentile norms and accompanying interval estimates from an Australian general adult population sample for self-report mood scales (BAI, BDI, CRSD, CES-D, DASS, DASS-21, STAI-X, STAI-Y, SRDS, and SRAS). Australian Psychologist, 46, 3–14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-9544.2010.00003.x. CrossRef
de Lima Osório, F., Crippa, J. A., & Loureiro, S. R. (2010). Further study of the psychometric qualities of a brief screening tool for Social Phobia (MINI-SPIN) applied to clinical and nonclinical samples. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 46, 266–278. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6163.2010.00261.x. CrossRef
Gaman, A., Godin, O., Scheid, I., Monnet, D., Murzi, E., Teruel, A. M., … & Infor, T. (2017). Psychiatric co-morbidities in a French cohort of adults with high-functioning autism (HFA). European Psychiatry, 41, S136. CrossRef
Leyfer, O. T., Folstein, S. E., Bacalman, S., Davis, N. O., Dinh, E., Morgan, J., … & Lainhart, J. E. (2006). Comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with autism: Interview development and rates of disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 849–861. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0123-0. CrossRefPubMed
Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. Sydney: Psychology Foundation Monograph.
LoVullo, S. V., & Matson, J. L. (2009). Comorbid psychopathology in adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 1288–1296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2009.05.004. CrossRefPubMed
Lugnegård, T., Hallerbäck, M. U., & Gillberg, C. (2011). Psychiatric comorbidity in young adults with a clinical diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 1910–1917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2011.03.025. CrossRefPubMed
Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: Prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 921–929. https://doi.org/10.1097/CHI.0b013e318179964f. CrossRef
Wechsler, D. (2011). WASI-II: Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
Zimmerman, D., Ownsworth, T., O’Donovan, A., Roberts, J., & Gullo, M. J. (2017). Associations between executive functions and mental health outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder. Psychiatry Research, 53, 360–363. CrossRef
- Brief Report: Screening Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder for Anxiety and Depression
Robyn L. Young
- Springer US