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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2019

18-10-2016 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Reduced Optimism Bias in Self-Referential Belief Updating in High-Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Bojana Kuzmanovic, Lionel Rigoux, Kai Vogeley

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2019

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Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated irrational asymmetry in belief updating: people tend to take into account good news and neglect bad news. Contradicting formal learning principles, belief updates were on average larger after better-than-expected information than after worse-than-expected information. In the present study, typically developing subjects demonstrated this optimism bias in self-referential judgments. In contrast, adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were significantly less biased when updating self-referential beliefs (each group n = 21, matched for age, gender and IQ). These findings indicate a weaker influence of self-enhancing motives on prospective judgments in ASD. Reduced susceptibility to emotional and motivational biases in reasoning in ASD could elucidate impairments of social cognition, but may also confer important cognitive benefits.
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1
Trait optimism was assessed only in the control group by using LOT-R, and correlated significantly with OBSELF (r = .58, p = .006), but not with OBOTHER (r = .39, p = .081), or with the difference between these two measures (OBSELF − OBOTHER; r = .22, p = .332). Note that this is not in full accordance to prior findings (Kuzmanovic et al. 2015, 2016).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Reduced Optimism Bias in Self-Referential Belief Updating in High-Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Bojana Kuzmanovic
Lionel Rigoux
Kai Vogeley
Publicatiedatum
18-10-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2940-0