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16-09-2021 | Brief Report Open Access

Brief Report: Preferred Processing of Social Stimuli in Autism: A Perception Task

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Auteurs:
A. Meermeier, M. Jording, Y. Alayoubi, David H. V. Vogel, K. Vogeley, R. Tepest
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Abstract

In this study we investigate whether persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) perceive social images differently than control participants (CON) in a graded perception task in which stimuli emerged from noise before dissipating into noise again. We presented either social stimuli (humans) or non-social stimuli (objects or animals). ASD were slower to recognize images during their emergence, but as fast as CON when indicating the dissipation of the image irrespective of its content. Social stimuli were recognized faster and remained discernable longer in both diagnostic groups. Thus, ASD participants show a largely intact preference for the processing of social images. An exploratory analysis of response subsets reveals subtle differences between groups that could be investigated in future studies.

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