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04-03-2019 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Perspective Taking Deficits, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Allaying Police Officers’ Suspicions About Criminal Involvement

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Auteurs:
Robyn L. Young, Neil Brewer
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-03968-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

We examined whether perspective taking (or Theory of Mind) deficits that characterize autistic individuals predict whether they have trouble extricating themselves from situations in which police officers erroneously suspect them of a crime. Autistic and typically developing adults listened to scenarios in which they were placed in situations where the police erroneously believe they had been involved in crime. Each scenario contained critical information that, if recognized and provided to the police, would confirm non-involvement in the crime. Autistic adults performed markedly worse than controls on perspective taking measures and the extrication task. Verbal IQ and memory performance accounted for significant variance in extrication performance, and perspective taking explained an additional and significant 15% of variance in extrication performance.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 34 KB)
10803_2019_3968_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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