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23-04-2021 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Links Between Nonconformity to Gender Norms, Autistic Features, and Internalizing Symptoms in a Non-clinical College Sample

Auteurs: Hillary K. Schiltz, Alana J. McVey, Ilana Seager van Dyk, Elyse J. Adler, Amy V. Van Hecke

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

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Abstract

Research shows elevated gender variance among autistic people and more autistic traits among gender diverse people, each of which is related to mental health concerns. Little work has explored broad features of these presentations in a non-clinical sample. College students (n = 174) ages 18–22 years completed questionnaires assessing the broader autism phenotype (BAP), autistic features, nonconformity to gender norms, and internalizing symptoms. Those with more BAP features or autistic communication reported more nonconformity to gender norms. Higher levels of internalizing symptoms were related to more gender nonconformity, BAP, and autistic features. Gender nonconformity marginally moderated the effect of BAP on depression but not anxiety. The BAP, autistic features, and gender nonconformity are important in understanding mental well-being.
Voetnoten
1
Gender dysphoria is an understandable discomfort or distress that is caused by a discrepancy between a person’s gender identity and their sex assigned at birth, the associated gender role, and/or primary and secondary sex characteristics (APA, 2013).
 
2
The terms Broader Autism Phenotype and Broad Autism Phenotype have been used in the literature and are synonymous.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Links Between Nonconformity to Gender Norms, Autistic Features, and Internalizing Symptoms in a Non-clinical College Sample
Auteurs
Hillary K. Schiltz
Alana J. McVey
Ilana Seager van Dyk
Elyse J. Adler
Amy V. Van Hecke
Publicatiedatum
23-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05033-5