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03-07-2018 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Learning Language Through Overhearing in Children with ASD

Auteurs: Rhiannon J. Luyster, Sudha Arunachalam

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2020

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Abstract

We explored whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) learn new nouns from overheard speech. Thirteen children (4–5 years) with ASD participated in an Addressed condition, in which they were directly taught a novel label (e.g., toma) for one of three novel objects, and an Overheard condition, in which the objects and label were presented in a conversation between two adults. In both conditions, children were then asked to identify the labeled object (e.g., “find the toma”). Children selected the target novel object at rates above chance in the Addressed condition, and of critical importance, they also did so in the Overheard condition. This suggests that, like TD children, children with ASD may learn from language that is not directed to them.
Voetnoten
1
One possible explanation for the lack of interpretable response on the second test is that children were confident in their response on the familiar word warm-up, but less so on the novel word trials and that they interpreted our second request as an indicator that their initial response was incorrect. Alternatively, perhaps children were still sufficiently engaged on the second test during the warm-up, but lost interest during the second test on the novel word trials. Akhtar et al. (2001) did not include a second test in their study with TD children.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Learning Language Through Overhearing in Children with ASD
Auteurs
Rhiannon J. Luyster
Sudha Arunachalam
Publicatiedatum
03-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3672-0

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