Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2009

01-11-2009 | Brief Report

Brief Report: IQ Split Predicts Social Symptoms and Communication Abilities in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: David O. Black, Gregory L. Wallace, Jennifer L. Sokoloff, Lauren Kenworthy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2009

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We investigated the relationship of discrepancies between VIQ and NVIQ (IQ split) to autism symptoms and adaptive behavior in a sample of high-functioning (mean FSIQ = 98.5) school-age children with autism spectrum disorders divided into three groups: discrepantly high VIQ (n = 18); discrepantly high NVIQ (n = 24); and equivalent VIQ and NVIQ (n = 36). Discrepantly high VIQ and NVIQ were associated with autism social symptoms but not communication symptoms or repetitive behaviors. Higher VIQ and NVIQ were associated with better adaptive communication but not socialization or Daily Living Skills. IQ discrepancy may be an important phenotypic marker in autism. Although better verbal abilities are associated with better functional outcomes in autism, discrepantly high VIQ in high-functioning children may also be associated with social difficulties.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Bolte, S., & Poustka, F. (2002). The relation between general cognitive level and adaptive behavior domains in individuals with autism with and without co-morbid mental retardation. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 33, 165–172. PubMedCrossRef Bolte, S., & Poustka, F. (2002). The relation between general cognitive level and adaptive behavior domains in individuals with autism with and without co-morbid mental retardation. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 33, 165–172. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference De Bruin, E. I., Verheij, F., & Ferdinand, R. F. (2006). WISC-R subtest but no overall VIQ–PIQ difference in Dutch children with PDD-NOS. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 263–271. PubMedCrossRef De Bruin, E. I., Verheij, F., & Ferdinand, R. F. (2006). WISC-R subtest but no overall VIQ–PIQ difference in Dutch children with PDD-NOS. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, 263–271. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deutsch, D. K., & Joseph, R. M. (2003). Brief Report: Cognitive correlates of enlarged head circumference in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 3, 209–214. CrossRef Deutsch, D. K., & Joseph, R. M. (2003). Brief Report: Cognitive correlates of enlarged head circumference in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 3, 209–214. CrossRef
go back to reference Fein, D., Pennington, B., Markowitz, P., Braverman, M., & Waterhouse, L. (1986). Toward a neuropsychological model of infantile autism: Are the social deficits primary? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 198–212. CrossRef Fein, D., Pennington, B., Markowitz, P., Braverman, M., & Waterhouse, L. (1986). Toward a neuropsychological model of infantile autism: Are the social deficits primary? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 198–212. CrossRef
go back to reference Fisher, N., & Happé, F. (2005). A training study of theory of mind and executive function in children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 757–771. PubMedCrossRef Fisher, N., & Happé, F. (2005). A training study of theory of mind and executive function in children with autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 757–771. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Frith, U. (2001). What framework should we use for understanding developmental disorders? Developmental Neuropsychology, 20, 555–563. PubMedCrossRef Frith, U. (2001). What framework should we use for understanding developmental disorders? Developmental Neuropsychology, 20, 555–563. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ghaziuddin, M., & Mountain-Kimchi, K. (2004). Defining the intellectual profile of Asperger syndrome: Comparison with high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 279–284. PubMedCrossRef Ghaziuddin, M., & Mountain-Kimchi, K. (2004). Defining the intellectual profile of Asperger syndrome: Comparison with high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 279–284. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gottesman, I. I., & Gould, T. D. (2003). The endophenotype concept in psychiatry: Etymology and strategic intentions. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 636–645. PubMedCrossRef Gottesman, I. I., & Gould, T. D. (2003). The endophenotype concept in psychiatry: Etymology and strategic intentions. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 636–645. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven: Yale University. Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven: Yale University.
go back to reference Joseph, R. M., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Lord, C. (2002). Cognitive profiles and social-communicative functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 807–821. CrossRef Joseph, R. M., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Lord, C. (2002). Cognitive profiles and social-communicative functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 807–821. CrossRef
go back to reference Kenworthy, L., Black, D. O., Harrison, B., Della-Rosa, A., & Wallace, G. L. (in press). Are executive control functions related to autism symptoms in high-functioning children? Child Neuropsychology. Kenworthy, L., Black, D. O., Harrison, B., Della-Rosa, A., & Wallace, G. L. (in press). Are executive control functions related to autism symptoms in high-functioning children? Child Neuropsychology.
go back to reference Klin, A., Saulnier, C. A., Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., Volkmar, F. R., & Lord, C. (2007). Social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 748–759. PubMedCrossRef Klin, A., Saulnier, C. A., Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., Volkmar, F. R., & Lord, C. (2007). Social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 748–759. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lainhart, J. E., Bigler, E. D., Bocian, M., Coon, H., Dinh, E., Dawson, G., et al. (2006). Head circumference and height in autism: A study by the Collaborative Program of Excellence in Autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 140, 2257–2274. PubMed Lainhart, J. E., Bigler, E. D., Bocian, M., Coon, H., Dinh, E., Dawson, G., et al. (2006). Head circumference and height in autism: A study by the Collaborative Program of Excellence in Autism. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 140, 2257–2274. PubMed
go back to reference Le Couteur, A., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Rios, P., Robertson, S., Holdgrafer, M., et al. (1989). Autism diagnostic interview: A standardized investigator-based instrument. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 363–387. PubMedCrossRef Le Couteur, A., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Rios, P., Robertson, S., Holdgrafer, M., et al. (1989). Autism diagnostic interview: A standardized investigator-based instrument. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 363–387. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Liss, M., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., Morris, R., et al. (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 42, 261–270. CrossRef Liss, M., Fein, D., Allen, D., Dunn, M., Feinstein, C., Morris, R., et al. (2001). Executive functioning in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 42, 261–270. CrossRef
go back to reference Lopez, B. R., Lincoln, A. J., Ozonoff, S., & Lai, Z. (2005). Examining the relationship between executive functions and restricted, repetitive symptoms of autistic disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 445–460. PubMedCrossRef Lopez, B. R., Lincoln, A. J., Ozonoff, S., & Lai, Z. (2005). Examining the relationship between executive functions and restricted, repetitive symptoms of autistic disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 445–460. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule-WPS edition. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule-WPS edition. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 659–685. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pennington, B. F. (2002). The development of psychopathology: Nature and nurture. New York: Guilford Press. Pennington, B. F. (2002). The development of psychopathology: Nature and nurture. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Riggs, N. R., Jahromi, L. B., Razza, R. P., Dillworth-Bart, J. E., & Mueller, U. (2006). Executive function and the promotion of social-emotional competence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 300–309. CrossRef Riggs, N. R., Jahromi, L. B., Razza, R. P., Dillworth-Bart, J. E., & Mueller, U. (2006). Executive function and the promotion of social-emotional competence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 300–309. CrossRef
go back to reference Siegel, D. J., Minshew, N. J., & Goldstein, G. (1996). Wechsler IQ profiles in diagnosis of high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 389–406. PubMedCrossRef Siegel, D. J., Minshew, N. J., & Goldstein, G. (1996). Wechsler IQ profiles in diagnosis of high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26, 389–406. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sparrow, S., Balla, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (Interview edition, survey form). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Sparrow, S., Balla, D., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (Interview edition, survey form). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (2nd ed. Survey Interview Form). Minneapolis, MN: NCS Pearson, Inc. Sparrow, S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. (2005). Vineland adaptive behavior scales (2nd ed. Survey Interview Form). Minneapolis, MN: NCS Pearson, Inc.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1991). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-third edition (WISC-III). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1991). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-third edition (WISC-III). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Intelligence Scale (WASI). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Intelligence Scale (WASI). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition (WISC-IV). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition (WISC-IV). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: IQ Split Predicts Social Symptoms and Communication Abilities in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
David O. Black
Gregory L. Wallace
Jennifer L. Sokoloff
Lauren Kenworthy
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0795-3