Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Infants are interested in eyes, but look preferentially at mouths toward the end of the first year, when word learning begins. Language delays are characteristic of children developing with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We measured how infants at risk for ASD, control infants, and infants who later reached ASD criterion scanned facial features. Development differed across groups. The preference for the eyes region decreased with age in infants who were at risk of ASD. For the control group the change in feature preference was marginally significant for a quadratic model, reflecting a decrease in the preference for eyes at 9 months followed by a recovery. The infants who later reached ASD criterion did not show a significant change across time.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing Inc.
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., & Jolliffe, T. (1997). Is there a “Language of the Eyes”? Evidence from normal adults, and adults with autism or Asperger syndrome. Visual Cognition, 4, 311–331. CrossRef
Fidell, L. S., & Tabachnick, B. G. (2003). Preparatory data analysis. In J. A. Schinka & W. F. Velicer (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Research methods in psychology (pp. 115–141). New York: Wiley.
Langdell, T. (1978). Recognition of faces—Approach to study of autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 19, 255–268. CrossRef
Lewkowicz, D. J., & Hansen-Tift, A. M. (2012). Infants deploy selective attention to the mouth of a talking face when learning speech. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, 1431–1436. CrossRef
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS-2): Manual (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Mitchell, S., Brian, J., Zwaigenbaum, L., Roberts, W., Szatmari, P., Smith, I., et al. (2006). Early language and communication development of infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics, 27, S69–S78. CrossRef
Rutherford, M. D. (2013). Social attention is measurably and increasingly atypical across the first six months in the broader autism phenotype. Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy, 3, 1–7.
Sergent, J. (1984). Configural processing of faces in the left and right cerebral hemispheres. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10, 554–572. PubMed
Tanaka, J. W., & Farah, M. J. (1993). Parts and wholes in face recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A, Human Experimental Psychology, 46a, 225–245. CrossRef
Wodka, E. L., Mathy, P., & Kalb, L. (2013). Predictors of phrase and fluent speech in children with autism and severe language delay. Pediatrics, 131, 1128–1134. CrossRef
- Brief Report: Infants Developing with ASD Show a Unique Developmental Pattern of Facial Feature Scanning
M. D. Rutherford
Jennifer A. Walsh
- Springer US