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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2012

01-10-2012 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Impaired Differentiation of Vegetative/Affective and Intentional Nonverbal Vocalizations in a Subject with Asperger Syndrome (AS)

Auteurs: Susanne Dietrich, Ingo Hertrich, Andreas Riedel, Hermann Ackermann

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2012

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Abstract

The Asperger syndrome (AS) includes impaired recognition of other people’s mental states. Since language-based diagnostic procedures may be confounded by cognitive-linguistic compensation strategies, nonverbal test materials were created, including human affective and vegetative sounds. Depending on video context, each sound could be interpreted either as direct expression of an agent’s affective/vegetative state or as result of intentional-executive mental operations. “Situational relevance” and “intentionality” ratings by a group of twelve healthy subjects nicely differentiated between context types. By contrast, an AS subject showed a systematic overinterpretation of vegetative/affective signals in terms of planned activities. Such overestimation of intentional motivation, leading to impaired social cognition, might be due to the inability to utilize “affective resonance” mechanisms for the interpretation of an individual’s internal state.
Voetnoten
1
“During the 1981 All-England tennis championships at Wimbledon, officials found themselves confronted with a dilemma. Some players particularly men like Jimmy Connors, were regularly giving loud grunts as they hit the ball. The grunters’ opponents protested to the officials, asking that this behavior be stopped. Opponents claimed that grunts were distracting and were given on purpose to throw them off their timing. But when the officials confronted players like Connors, they received a slightly different explanation. “Sure,” explained Connors, “some players do grunt on purpose—but not me. I really have no control over my grunting, it just happens when I hit the ball hard.” Like Connors, most of the other grunters were willing to admit that some players did grunt intentionally, but each denied that he himself had any conscious control over these particular vocalizations. When the officials tried to determine, by observing different players, which grunts were intentional and which were not, they found the distinction virtually impossible to make. The only conclusion they could agree on was that grunts were indeed distracting, regardless of whether they were given on purpose or just happened as part of the exertion of hitting a ball hard.” (Cheney and Seyfarth 1990).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Impaired Differentiation of Vegetative/Affective and Intentional Nonverbal Vocalizations in a Subject with Asperger Syndrome (AS)
Auteurs
Susanne Dietrich
Ingo Hertrich
Andreas Riedel
Hermann Ackermann
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1455-6

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