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01-01-2015 | Brief Report | Uitgave 1/2015

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2015

Brief Report: High and Low Level Initiations of Joint Attention, and Response to Joint Attention: Differential Relationships with Language and Imitation

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 1/2015
Auteurs:
Katherine E. Pickard, Brooke R. Ingersoll

Abstract

Frequency of high-level (showing/pointing) and low-level (coordinated gaze shifts) behaviors on the Early Social Communication Scales are often used as a measure of joint attention initiations (IJA). This study examined the degree to which these skills and response to joint attention (RJA; e.g. gaze following) were differentially related to measures of language and imitation in 53 children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 22 and 93 months. High-level and low-level IJA were not associated with each other, and only high-level IJA was associated with RJA, and language and imitation measures. High-level IJA and RJA were unique predictors of imitation, while RJA was a unique predictor of language. Findings indicate that IJA involves distinct skills, with high-level behaviors more closely related to social-communication skills.

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