Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

06-05-2021 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Examining the Links Between Language Processes and Working Memory Impairments in Toddlers and Preschoolers with ASD

Auteurs: Sarah R. Edmunds, Carly Colman, Paige Vidal, Susan Faja

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Deficits in working memory have not been fully explored in toddlers and preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We investigated the relationship between language (verbal ability, verbal self-talk) and visuospatial working memory in 2- and 4-year-olds with ASD (n = 65) and typical development (TD) (n = 54). Children with ASD displayed impairments in working memory and verbal ability, but not verbal self-talk, compared to TD peers. Verbal ability and working memory were positively correlated; this association was stronger for children with ASD. For 2-year-olds, self-talk and working memory were negatively correlated. Results suggest that verbal ability and working memory are linked, especially for young children with ASD. Self-talk may be a compensatory strategy for toddlers with less developed working memory.
Literatuur
go back to reference Dawson, G., Munson, J., Estes, A., Osterling, J., Toth, K., Carver, L., & Abbott, R. (2002). Neurocognitive function and joint attention ability in young children with autism spectrum disorder versus developmental delay. Child Development, 73(2), 345–358CrossRefPubMed Dawson, G., Munson, J., Estes, A., Osterling, J., Toth, K., Carver, L., & Abbott, R. (2002). Neurocognitive function and joint attention ability in young children with autism spectrum disorder versus developmental delay. Child Development, 73(2), 345–358CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Iverson, J. M., Northrup, J. B., Leezenbaum, N. B., Parladé, M. V., Koterba, E. A., & West, K. L. (2017). Early gesture and vocabulary development in infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(1), 55–71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3297-8CrossRef Iverson, J. M., Northrup, J. B., Leezenbaum, N. B., Parladé, M. V., Koterba, E. A., & West, K. L. (2017). Early gesture and vocabulary development in infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(1), 55–71. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-017-3297-8CrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Luyster, R. J., Gotham, K., & Guthrie, W. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule, (ADOS-2) manual (Part II): toddler module. (Second Edition). Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Luyster, R. J., Gotham, K., & Guthrie, W. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule, (ADOS-2) manual (Part II): toddler module. (Second Edition). Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. L. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule, (ADOS-2) manual (Part I): modules 1–4. (Second Edition). Western Psychological Services. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. L. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule, (ADOS-2) manual (Part I): modules 1–4. (Second Edition). Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Maenner, M. J., Shaw, K. A., Baio, J., Washington, A., Patrick, M., DiRienzo, M., Christensen, D. L., Wiggins, L. D., Pettygrove, S., Andrews, J. G., Lopez, M., Hudson, A., Baroud, T., Schwenk, Y., White, T., Rosenberg, C. R., Lee, L. C., Harrington, R. A., Huston, M., … Dietz, P. M. (2016). 2020 Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years: Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States. CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(4), 1–12 Maenner, M. J., Shaw, K. A., Baio, J., Washington, A., Patrick, M., DiRienzo, M., Christensen, D. L., Wiggins, L. D., Pettygrove, S., Andrews, J. G., Lopez, M., Hudson, A., Baroud, T., Schwenk, Y., White, T., Rosenberg, C. R., Lee, L. C., Harrington, R. A., Huston, M., … Dietz, P. M. (2016). 2020 Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years: Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States. CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(4), 1–12
go back to reference Mullen, E. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. America Guidance Service. Mullen, E. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. America Guidance Service.
go back to reference Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capabilities in children with autism: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(2), 103–112CrossRefPubMed Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capabilities in children with autism: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(2), 103–112CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview—revised. Western Psychological Services. Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview—revised. Western Psychological Services.
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Examining the Links Between Language Processes and Working Memory Impairments in Toddlers and Preschoolers with ASD
Auteurs
Sarah R. Edmunds
Carly Colman
Paige Vidal
Susan Faja
Publicatiedatum
06-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2022
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05049-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2022

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2022 Naar de uitgave