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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2013

01-09-2013 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Difficulty in Understanding Social Acting (But Not False Beliefs) Mediates the Link Between Autistic Traits and Ingroup Relationships

Auteurs: Daniel Y.-J. Yang, Renée Baillargeon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2013

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Abstract

Why do individuals with more autistic traits experience social difficulties? Here we examined the hypothesis that these difficulties stem in part from a challenge in understanding social acting, the prosocial pretense that adults routinely produce to maintain positive relationships with their ingroup. In Study 1, we developed a self-administered test of social-acting understanding: participants read stories in which a character engaged in social acting and rated the appropriateness of the character’s response. Adults who scored 26 or higher on the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) questionnaire gave significantly lower ratings than comparison participants (AQ < 26). Study 2 found that difficulty in understanding social acting, but not false beliefs, mediated the link between autistic traits and perceived ingroup relationships.
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To be clear, the first two systems (the psychological-reasoning and decoupling systems) are assumed to provide the mechanism for false-belief understanding, while their interactions with the last system (the ingroup-support system) provide the mechanism for social-acting understanding.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Difficulty in Understanding Social Acting (But Not False Beliefs) Mediates the Link Between Autistic Traits and Ingroup Relationships
Auteurs
Daniel Y.-J. Yang
Renée Baillargeon
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1757-3