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24-07-2018 | Brief Report | Uitgave 1/2019

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 1/2019

Brief Report: Differences in Multisensory Integration Covary with Sensory Responsiveness in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 1/2019
Auteurs:
Jacob I. Feldman, Wayne Kuang, Julie G. Conrad, Alexander Tu, Pooja Santapuram, David M. Simon, Jennifer H. Foss-Feig, Leslie D. Kwakye, Ryan A. Stevenson, Mark T. Wallace, Tiffany G. Woynaroski
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Jacob I. Feldman and Wayne Kuang made equal contributions to this work.

Abstract

Research shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ in their behavioral patterns of responding to sensory stimuli (i.e., sensory responsiveness) and in various other aspects of sensory functioning relative to typical peers. This study explored relations between measures of sensory responsiveness and multisensory speech perception and integration in children with and without ASD. Participants were 8–17 year old children, 18 with ASD and 18 matched typically developing controls. Participants completed a psychophysical speech perception task, and parents reported on children’s sensory responsiveness. Psychophysical measures (e.g., audiovisual accuracy, temporal binding window) were associated with patterns of sensory responsiveness (e.g., hyporesponsiveness, sensory seeking). Results indicate that differences in multisensory speech perception and integration covary with atypical patterns of sensory responsiveness.

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