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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 7/2015

01-07-2015 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Adaptive Functioning in Children with ASD, ADHD and ASD + ADHD

Auteurs: Karen L. Ashwood, Charlotte Tye, Bahare Azadi, Sally Cartwright, Philip Asherson, Patrick Bolton

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 7/2015

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. Children with ASD and ADHD demonstrate deficits in adaptive functioning, yet pure and comorbid groups have not been directly compared. Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS-II) data were examined in boys with ASD (n = 17), ADHD (n = 31) and ASD + ADHD (n = 38). Results demonstrated lower socialisation and composite scores and greater discrepancy between cognitive and adaptive abilities in the ASD + ADHD group compared to the ADHD-only group. Significant associations were shown between reduced adaptive functioning and autism symptoms, but not ADHD symptoms. Children with ASD + ADHD present with exacerbated impairments in adaptive functioning relative to children with ADHD, associated with ASD symptoms. Disentangling variation in adaptive skills may aid the assessment of complex cases.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Adaptive Functioning in Children with ASD, ADHD and ASD + ADHD
Auteurs
Karen L. Ashwood
Charlotte Tye
Bahare Azadi
Sally Cartwright
Philip Asherson
Patrick Bolton
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 7/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2352-y